China in africa another bric in the wall
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 22

China in Africa: Another BRIC in the wall? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

China in Africa: Another BRIC in the wall?. Herman Wasserman. Look at SA in relation to other BRICS countries, as mediated in news media South Africa a recent entrant to BRICS club of emerging nations – renewed media focus on relationship with other BRICS nations

Download Presentation

China in Africa: Another BRIC in the wall?

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


China in africa another bric in the wall

China in Africa: Another BRIC in the wall?

Herman Wasserman


China in africa

  • Look at SA in relation to other BRICS countries, as mediated in news media

  • South Africa a recent entrant to BRICS club of emerging nations – renewed media focus on relationship with other BRICS nations

  • Among these – China one of most contentious partners, receives much media attention

  • ‘The Rise of ChinAfrica’ –’one of the most striking developments of 21st century geopolitics’ and ‘one of reasons why Africa’s economy one of fast-growing regions’

China in Africa


China in africa1

  • Renewed interest in Africa since 1990s – economic growth requires new sources of energy and resources

  • Steep rise in trade: 10-fold increase 2000-2010. Continent’s biggest trading partner.

  • Concern about labour practices, support for undemocratic regimes, impact on local industry

  • But also fewer strings attached to aid – non-interference in domestic policies

  • Africa historically ‘a horse – Western brutal rider, beating the horse, Chinese rider gives carrots’

  • Questions asked in media : new type of imperialism? ‘Scramble for Africa’? ‘Partner or predator’?

China in Africa


South africa china

  • During apartheid China supported liberation movements

  • Formal relationship initiated shortly after democratic transition

  • China now top exporter to and importer from SA

  • China’s invitation to SA in 2010 to join BRIC formation - confirmation of growing political-economic ties

  • Part of larger geopolitical shifts and changing geography of international relations

  • But involvement not unequivocally welcomed.

  • How South African media reports on China - volume and tone and in relation to other BRIC countries, over 3 years

South Africa: China


Controversial relationship

  • Literature in West: China in Africa portrayed in binary terms: ‘predator or partner’; ‘friend or foe’; ‘comrade or colonizer’

  • Orientalist Stereotypes (‘yellow peril’, ‘Fu Manchu’)

  • Western powers fear undermining of ‘good governance’ agenda

  • Paul Zeleza:

    • Western commentary ‘hysterical and hypocritical’, decrying China’s growing involvement

    • Bemoaning loss of Euro-American hegemony

    • Frames: Imperialism, globalization, solidarity

  • How does this play out in South African media?

Controversial relationship


Questions

  • Was the coverage of China in the South African media predominantly positive or negative in the period 2009-2012?

  • How did coverage of China change during the period, compared with a similar previous study (De Beer & Schreiner 2009) conducted in 2009 which found reporting not overly negative?

  • How does coverage of China compare to coverage of other BRIC countries?

  • Analysis of major mainstream media (TV news, newspapers, radio stations) – MT data: 2010-2011, follow up with new data 2012

Questions


Findings

Findings

  • Research question 1: Was the coverage of China in the South African media predominantly positive or negative in the period 2010-2011?


Findings1

  • Research question 1: Was the coverage of China in the South African media predominantly positive or negative in the period 2010-2011?

    • China newsworthy in general news as well as in business news

    • Coverage in outlets with highest volume – fairly balanced

    • Even after announcement of accession to BRICS – majority neutral statements in top outlets

Findings


Findings2

  • Research Question 2: How did coverage of China during the 2010-2011 period compare with a similar previous study (De Beer & Schreiner 2009) conducted in 2009?

Findings


Findings3

  • Research Question 2: How did coverage of China during the 2010-2011 period compare with a similar previous study (De Beer & Schreiner 2009) conducted in 2009?

    • Continuation of trend of cautious optimism at start

    • Then dip – attributed to natural disasters (earthquake, flooding)

    • Disasters still dominate foreign news values

    • Negative news topics but not necessarily negative attitude

Findings


Findings4

  • Research Question 3: How does coverage of China compare to coverage of other BRIC countries?

Findings


Findings5

  • China topped volume of coverage in 2010 – double of India

  • Brazil and Russia fell far short

  • India and China together still leading in 2011

  • ‘Chindia’ emerging as a focal point for SA media

  • Statements not overwhelmingly negative or positive – overall balanced picture

Findings


Preliminary conclusion

  • Contra literature – not binary representation

  • Last 3 years (including previous study): balanced view of China emerging

  • Cautiously optimistic attitude in mainstream media – not pigeonholed as ‘good’ or ‘bad’ story

  • China firm place on news agenda – likely to stay there

  • But….

Preliminary conclusion


New observations

New observations


New observations1

New observations


New observations2

New observations


New observations3

New observations


New observations4

New observations


New observations5

New observations


New observations6

  • Negative coverage on China further decreased

  • China remains in strong focus

  • Strong economic focus, little social coverage

  • Product quality not an issue

  • Chinese media on SA less positive due to crime and accidents

  • Favourable reporting on foreign policy and international trade

  • Economy dominating coverage, little social focus

New observations


Conclusion

Conclusion

Picture of China in SA media not as negative as would have expected from literature

Improving over last years

Economic opportunities offered by China received most attention

Suggest SA media largely business-oriented in its coverage of BRICS relationships

Economic interest supersedes political interest


Thank you

Thank you


  • Login