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Terra Cotta Army of Emperor Shi Huangdi Founder of Qin dynasty 221-206 BCE X’ian, China X’ian combines old & new China. The name means western capital. Old X’ian city wall . This is where the Silk Road caravans started.

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Terra cotta army of l.jpg

Terra Cotta Army of

Emperor Shi Huangdi

Founder of Qin dynasty

221-206 BCE

X’ian, China


X ian combines old new china the name means western capital l.jpg

X’ian combines old & new China. The name means western capital.


Old x ian city wall this is where the silk road caravans started l.jpg

Old X’ian city wall . This is where the Silk Road caravans started.


Slide4 l.jpg

Three pits were discovered and each contained some Terra Cotta soldiers. The soldiers are life size. Their clothing and hair styles help us understand social class divisions in Qin China. A topknot indicates an officer. There are over 7,000 soldiers in total.


Pit 2 is 7 100 square meters l.jpg

Pit 2 is 7,100 square meters


Life size horses of terra cotta l.jpg

Life size horses of Terra Cotta


Honor guards l.jpg

Honor Guards


The clay entrance ramp still has some workers footprints in it l.jpg

The clay entrance ramp still has some workers footprints in it.


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An honor guard formation


Size bronze chariot l.jpg

¾ size Bronze chariot


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¾ size Bronze horses


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The recent movie, “Hero”portrayed this chariot bringing the main character for his audience with Emperor Shi Huangdi. This model is smaller than in real life. Bronze was expensive .


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A gold & silver bridle


Officers in front probably in a formation as if the emperor was reviewing them l.jpg

Officers in front probably in a formation as if the Emperor was reviewing them.


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Pit 1= 16,000 square meters


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The well at the right is how the army was discovered. In this pit were 6,000 soldiers in many small pieces.


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Three farmers digging a well discovered these terra cotta figures below ground. They called in Chinese archaeologists who quickly uncovered the army and realized what this find meant. Legends had talked about it but everyone assumed it was just a story until 1974.


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Today the surviving farmers are employed by the museum. In the summer, they sign autographs for tourists. They were only paid $500 for their land by the Chinese government so these jobs are also compensation for the finders for their honesty in reporting the find.


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This is what the soldiers look like when they were discovered.


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Qin battle formationNotice the broken soldiers at the top. This is how they look when first uncovered. They must be put back together piece by piece.


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An officer and horses


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Broken soldiers


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Soldiers being reassembled


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Soldiers with bundles of possible missing pieces behind them.


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The reconstruction process- soldiers must be put back together and refired.


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Officers in the front


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This pit is HUGE !


An enlisted soldier l.jpg

An enlisted soldier


An officer and his horse l.jpg

An officer and his horse


An officer wears armor and a moustache l.jpg

An officer wears armor and a moustache.


An archer without his bow l.jpg

An archer without his bow


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Cavalry soldier and horse


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A Ming burial in Pit 3


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Pit Three is 4,282 square meters


Broken soldiers from the wooden roof collapsing on them l.jpg

Broken soldiers from the wooden roof collapsing on them.


Amy and a modern soldier l.jpg

Amy and a modern soldier


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