Unit 9: Sub-Saharan Africa. Political Map of Africa. Physical Map of Africa. African Ecosystems: based on latitude and wind patterns. Physical Characteristics. Equator through middle Great Rift Valley (divergent plate boundary) Most of pop. Lives in fertile highlands of the SW
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Unit 9: Sub-Saharan Africa
Series of recent revolutions leading to democratic change
Variety of religions
Varied economic development
Not much interaction with North Africa due to Sahara Desert
Economic Issues of Africa
Reliance on one resource = Unstable Economies
Continuous ethnic fighting = Unstable Governments
Established in 1999 to promote peace and prosperity in Africa
Focus on Human Rights, growing economies, democratic governments, develop technology, and to promote healthy living
Almost every nation in Africa is a member
Similar to NATO, but runs like the UN
Similar goals of the UN
African Health Care & the AIDS Epidemic
Maternal and child underweight
High blood pressure
Unsafe water, poor sanitation, and hygiene
Indoor smoke from solid fuels
High body mass index or overweight
Source: WHO, World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risk, Promoting Healthy Life (Geneva: WHO, 2002), accessed online at www.who.int, on Nov. 15, 2004.
Communicable diseases, maternal and perinatal conditions, and nutritional deficiencies
Source: WHO, World Health Report 2000—Health Systems: Improving Performance (Geneva: WHO, 2000).
1. Individuals (abstinence, fidelity, condoms)
2. Communities (norms regarding male dominance and multiple partners)
3. Poverty (transactional sex for poor women)
4. Health policymakers and health workers (effective AIDS prevention programs)
Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
Distribution of Orphans, by Country, 2005