Post-shredder Residue Recovery Options. 1. BEST PRACTICES ON ELVs MANAGEMENT Valencia 12-13 June. Why post-shredding?. What is post-shredding?. HEAVY FRACTION “DIRTY METALS”. FERROUS SCRAP. LIGHT FRACTION “FLUFF”. Light fraction properties. Heavy fraction properties.
BEST PRACTICES ON ELVs MANAGEMENT Valencia 12-13 June
ASR or “FLUFF”
SAND AND FINES
1 Cement Kilns
7 TwinRec (EBARA)
Due to different reasons (undefinition of the recycling definitions, lack of regulations, lack of profit, stricter legislations, etc. many technologies have failed in the last years. Some examples are:
- Catalytic processes
THE CONCLUSION IS THAT
THE TARGETS MUST BE MANTAINED
BECAUSE THEY GENERATE BENEFITS BOTH ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL.
THE COMMISSION WILL PROMOTE ECO-INNOVATION IN THE SECTOR MAINLY IN INNOVATIVE SHREDDINGTECHNOLOGIES AND PLASTIC RECYCLING
The definitions of reuse, recycling, energy recovery, elimination, etc. are not clear enough and it is necessary to be more precise
Only a broad and consistent recycling definition, as proposed by the EU Commission, will create legal certainty and thereby would ensure continued development, investment and operation of innovative and eco-efficient recycling plants
DEFINITION PROPOSED BY EP:
“'recycling' means the reprocessing of materials or substances in wastes through a production process in such a way that they produce or are incorporated in new products, materials or substances whether for the original or other purposes. It includes reprocessing of organic material, but does not include, inter alia, energy recovery, conversion for use as a fuel, processes involving combustion or use as a source of energy, including chemical energy, or backfilling operations; ;
INITIAL COM PROPOSAL SUPPORTED BY INDUSTRY:
recycling’ means the recovery of waste into products, materials or substances whether for the original or other purposes. It does not include energy recovery;
• By exclusion of “conversion for use as a fuel”: Some activities, that are on the way, exploring the possibilities of transferring waste-derived fractions in a CO2-efficient manner into fuel (Waste to liquid: Diesel,…)
• By exclusion of ”processes involving combustion or use as a source of energy, including chemical energy”: Bernegger/Voest in Austria and future Sicon plants in the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Germany and under evaluation in other countries as well as SVZ (methanol production from waste, Germany).
SIGRAUTO is also working on other technologies that seem could be a great solution for the shredder residues. Some trials have already been made and further work is needed before making any decision.