Post shredder residue recovery options
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Post-shredder Residue Recovery Options. 1. BEST PRACTICES ON ELVs MANAGEMENTValencia 12-13 June. Why post-shredding?. What is post-shredding?. HEAVY FRACTION “DIRTY METALS”. FERROUS SCRAP. LIGHT FRACTION “FLUFF”. Light fraction properties. Heavy fraction properties.

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Post-shredder Residue Recovery Options

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Post shredder residue recovery options

Post-shredder Residue Recovery Options

1

BEST PRACTICES ON ELVs MANAGEMENTValencia 12-13 June


Why post shredding

Why post-shredding?


What is post shredding

What is post-shredding?

HEAVY FRACTION

“DIRTY METALS”

FERROUS SCRAP

LIGHT FRACTION

“FLUFF”


Light fraction properties

Light fraction properties


Heavy fraction properties

Heavy fraction properties


Light fraction treatment

Light fraction treatment

ASR or “FLUFF”

TEXTILES

AND LIGHT

PLASTICS

MEDIUM SIZE

INNERT MATERIALS

SAND AND FINES

HEAVY PLASTICS

METAL MIX


Heavy fraction treatment

Heavy fraction treatment

HEAVY FRACTION


Technologies

Technologies

1Cement Kilns

2Citron

3Galloo

4REA-Distillation

5Reshment

6Sicon-VW

7TwinRec (EBARA)


Cement kilns

Cement kilns


Cement kiln process

Cement kiln process


Citron

Citron


Citron process

Citron process


Galloo

Galloo


Galloo process

Galloo process


Rea distillation

REA (Distillation)


Rea distillation process

REA-Distillation process


Reshment

Reshment


Reshment process

Reshment process


Sicon vw

Sicon-VW


Sicon vw process

Sicon-VW process


Twinrec ebara

Twinrec-EBARA


Twinrec ebara process

Twinrec-EBARA process


Other technologies have failed

Other technologies have failed

Due to different reasons (undefinition of the recycling definitions, lack of regulations, lack of profit, stricter legislations, etc. many technologies have failed in the last years. Some examples are:

- SALYP

- Thermoselect

- Catalytic processes

- Thermolisis

- etc.


Commission report on targets

Commission Report on targets

THE CONCLUSION IS THAT

THE TARGETS MUST BE MANTAINED

BECAUSE THEY GENERATE BENEFITS BOTH ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL.

THE COMMISSION WILL PROMOTE ECO-INNOVATION IN THE SECTOR MAINLY IN INNOVATIVE SHREDDINGTECHNOLOGIES AND PLASTIC RECYCLING


The actual situation

The actual situation

  • All Member States are in a similar situation with regards the levels achieved.

  • Post shredding technologies are very promising but there is not enough capacity installed (see “A study to examine the benefits of the End of Life Vehicles Directive and the costs and benefits of a revision of the 2015 targets for recycling, re-use and recovery under the ELV Directive”, GHK / BIOIS, May 2006. on the Commission’s webpage)


The recycling definition

The recycling definition

The definitions of reuse, recycling, energy recovery, elimination, etc. are not clear enough and it is necessary to be more precise

Only a broad and consistent recycling definition, as proposed by the EU Commission, will create legal certainty and thereby would ensure continued development, investment and operation of innovative and eco-efficient recycling plants

DEFINITION PROPOSED BY EP:

“'recycling' means the reprocessing of materials or substances in wastes through a production process in such a way that they produce or are incorporated in new products, materials or substances whether for the original or other purposes. It includes reprocessing of organic material, but does not include, inter alia, energy recovery, conversion for use as a fuel, processes involving combustion or use as a source of energy, including chemical energy, or backfilling operations; ;

INITIAL COM PROPOSAL SUPPORTED BY INDUSTRY:

recycling’ means the recovery of waste into products, materials or substances whether for the original or other purposes. It does not include energy recovery;


The recycling definition1

The recycling definition

  • Independent and externally reviewed LCA studies show that the affected recycling plants have excellent environmental performance, because they have the technological means to save valuable scarce resources. This means significant savings of CO2 and other environmentally detrimental emissions. DG ENV has recognized this activity in its awarding the SiCon process with the European business award for the Environment.

  • Some examples for endangered investments of SMEs:

    •By exclusion of “conversion for use as a fuel”: Some activities, that are on the way, exploring the possibilities of transferring waste-derived fractions in a CO2-efficient manner into fuel (Waste to liquid: Diesel,…)

    •By exclusion of ”processes involving combustion or use as a source of energy, including chemical energy”: Bernegger/Voest in Austria and future Sicon plants in the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Germany and under evaluation in other countries as well as SVZ (methanol production from waste, Germany).


Sigrauto s activities

SIGRAUTO’s activities

SIGRAUTO is also working on other technologies that seem could be a great solution for the shredder residues. Some trials have already been made and further work is needed before making any decision.


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