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The Americas: Part II; Building Economies. Mr. Ermer World History AP Miami Beach Senior High. Building American Economies. Two common factors through Americas: migration & British $ United States & Canada react well Absorb migrants who eventually assimilate into culture/system

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the americas part ii building economies

The Americas: Part II;Building Economies

Mr. Ermer

World History AP

Miami Beach Senior High

building american economies
Building American Economies
  • Two common factors through Americas: migration & British $
    • United States & Canada react well
      • Absorb migrants who eventually assimilate into culture/system
      • Exploit British capital for development of own nation/infrastructure
    • Latin America does not react in kind
      • Legacy of single export economy proves inflexible
      • Integration of migrants by plantation system, not factory work
      • Stronger legacy of slavery and indentured servitude
  • European and Asian migrants flood U.S. and Canada
    • Called by factory jobs, open land, railroad construction
      • Industrial migrants work in low skill, low wage factories—feed labor pool
      • Many build transportation infrastructure that connect far flung cities
      • Qing Dynasty encourages migration from China (population control)
        • Some leave as indentured servants, others pay own way seeking fortune
    • Also attracted to plantations & ranches of Latin America/Caribbean
      • Italians flood Argentina and Brazil as permanent migrants
        • Others migrate seasonally—”golondrinas”
      • Asian immigrants also seek agricultural work in Americas, Hawai’i
        • 15,000+ Chinese migrate to work Cuban sugarcane fields
        • 25,000+ Chinese migrate to work Hawaiian sugarcane fields
    • New peoples, foods, cultures, religions change American culture
  • Californian and Canadian gold bring rush of migrants, 49’ers
the united states
The United States
  • British capitalists seek stable, white governed outlets for investment
    • British monies help United States rebuild, industrialize after Civil War
  • Railroads help link nation, build national economy
    • Dense communication, transportation, and distribution network
      • Transcontinental railroad connect Omaha to San Francisco
        • Westward migration increases, allows further exploitation of resources
        • Standardization of time zones
  • By 1900, the United States is world’s biggest/richest economy
    • Inventors bring new products to market
    • High consumerism drives growth of big businesses
    • Labor Unions organize the working class, promote class interests/strikes
prosperity in canada
Prosperity in Canada
  • British pay high prices for Canadian agricultural goods
    • Prevents discontent, promotes high standard of living
  • British investment helps Canada industrialize
    • Transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railroad
  • U.S. investment also helps Canada to industrialize
  • Migration from Europe and Asia enhances labor pool
  • Canada grows rich on industrial, agricultural, and mineral exports
latin american economies
Latin American Economies
  • Latin America fails to industrialize like U.S. and Canada
    • Open to European trade and investment, exports drive growth
    • Britain takes control of Argentine meat industry, after refrigerated ships invented in 1860s, meat from Argentina supplies British appetite—benefits Argentina little
  • Latin America supplied raw materials to industrial powers
    • Rich elites grow richer through trade, economies never reformed
    • Latin America does not provide large market for manufactured goods from European countries, no incentive for control
  • Porfiriato Mexico attempts industrialization
    • Oligarchy and foreign investments benefit most
    • Working class resents low wages, foreign managers
u s society
U.S. Society
  • Multi-cultural society: “teeming nation of nations”
    • Conflict as different groups fight for rights, equality
  • Reservation Treaties w/ Native Americans not respected
    • Native populations pushed into increasingly cramped areas
    • U.S. law hopes to assimilate Natives into greater culture/society
      • Bureau of Indian Affairs, Forced attendance in Indian Schools
      • Attempts to end “Indian way of life”—killing of the Bison
  • Slaves freed after Civil War, but equality not guaranteed
    • After Reconstruction, civil rights for African-Americans rolled back in the South, “Black Codes” and “Jim Crow Laws” create rigidly segregated society
  • Women begin fighting for equality, Seneca Falls Convention
  • Anti-immigrant sentiment (anti-Catholic, anti-Semitic)
    • KKK, Know-Nothing Party, American League, White League
    • Ethnic neighborhoods develop (Chinatowns, Little Italy, etc.)
canadian society
Canadian Society
  • French and British Canadians consider selves as “founders of Canada,” creating sharp political divisions
    • Euro-Canadians dominate Canadian society
  • Native Americans are substantial minority
  • Former Canadian slaves and escaped American slaves create an enclave of African-Americans
  • Chinese migrants work on Canadian transcontinental RR
  • Metis uprising and Louis Riel
    • Riel leaves seminary in Montreal, elected president of Metis government in Manitoba—government outlawed
    • Canadian troops move against Riel, committed to asylum
    • Canadian Pacific railroad threatens native lands, Riel leads new revolt
      • Northwest Rebellion, Riel executed
latin american society
Latin American Society
  • Persistence of rigidly hierarchical society
    • Creoles, mixed race groups, indigenous and blacks on bottom
  • Asians migrate to Peru, Brazil, Cuba, and Caribbean
  • Indian migrants move to Trinidad and Tobago
  • Europeans migrate to Argentina, Buenos Aires most cosmopolitan city in Latin America, Havana second
    • Gauchos embody free range hopes of migrants, indigenous
  • Latin American even more patriarchal than U.S. & Canada