Prepositions
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Prepositions. English 7 Parts of Speech Review. Verbs. Pronouns. Prepositions. Parts of Speech Quick Review. Nouns. Interjections. Adjectives. Adverbs. Conjunctions. Word that names. Noun:. A Person. A Place. A Thing. An Idea. Kinds of Nouns.

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Prepositions

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Prepositions

Prepositions

English 7 Parts of Speech Review


Parts of speech quick review

Verbs

Pronouns

Prepositions

Parts of SpeechQuick Review

Nouns

Interjections

Adjectives

Adverbs

Conjunctions


Word that names

Word that names

Noun:

  • A Person

  • A Place

  • A Thing

  • An Idea


Kinds of nouns

Kinds of Nouns

CONCRETE NOUNS are nouns that you can see, hear, touch, smell, or taste.

ABSTRACT NOUNS are nouns that you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste. They are ideas, qualities, and feelings that cannot be seen or touched.

A COMMON NOUN names a general person, place, thing, or idea. It does not refer to something specific.

A PROPERNOUN names a specific person, place, thing, or idea. It refers to a NAME of a noun.


Prepositions

The Verb

A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement

Linking

Action

“be” verbs

&

taste

feel

sound

look

appear

become

seem

grow

remain

stay

predicate


Every sentence must have

Every sentence must have

VERB

a


Kinds of verbs

Action verbs express mental or physical action.

Linking verbs make a statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it.

Kinds of Verbs

He rode the horse to victory.

He has been sick.


Prepositions

The Pronoun

The pronoun is a word used to replace one or more nouns.

It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.

Personal Pronouns

I, me, my, mine

you, your, yours

she, her, hers,

it, its

we, us, our, ours

they, them, their,

theirs

myself

yourself


Prepositions

The Adjective

Answers these

questions:

Modifies or describes a

noun or pronoun.

Did you lose your address

book?

Which?

Is that a woolsweater?

What kind?

Just give me fiveminutes.

How many?


Prepositions

The Adverb

Answers the questions:

Modifies or describes

a verb, an adjective,

or another adverb.

How?

He ran quickly.

When?

She left yesterday.

We went there.

Where?

It was too hot!

To what degree or how much?


What is a preposition

What is a preposition?

A preposition is one of the eight parts of speech. It shows the relationship between a noun/pronoun and another word in the sentence.

Prepositions are usually short words, but some prepositions have a couple words in them.

There are over 60 common prepositions. You will need to familiarize yourself with all of them.


Prepositions

Some Common Prepositions

aboard

about

above

across

after

against

along

among

around

at

before

behind

below

beneath

beside

between

beyond

by

down

during

except

for

from

in

into

like

of

off

on

over

past

since

through

throughout

to

toward

under

underneath

until

up

upon

with

within

without


Prepositions

Let’s Practice…..

{See packet}


What follows the preposition

What follows the preposition?

  • The noun(s) or pronoun(s) that follow(s) the preposition is/are called the object(s) of the preposition.

  • Usually there is an article or other adjective that comes before the object.

  • For example, find the preposition in this sentence.

    • The dog is chewing on his bone.

  • Now find the object of the preposition.


What is a prepositional phrase

What is a prepositional phrase?

  • Prepositional Phrases: includes a preposition, the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object.

  • There will never be a VERB in a prepositional phrase.

    • Preposition: Use list as a reminder

    • Modifiers: Usually adjectives; they describe or explain the object.

    • Object of Preposition: Always a noun or pronoun


Prepositions

  • The dog is chewing on his bone and collar.

  • The dog is chewing (on his bone and collar).

  • The preposition “ON”is showing the relationship between the noun “DOG”and the object BONE.

  • There can be more than one object of a preposition.

  • For example, what is the prepositional phrase in this sentence?

    • The children are inside the classroom.


  • Prepositions

    The prepositionnever stands alone!

    object of

    preposition

    noun

    preposition

    pronoun

    MODIFIERS

    preposition

    object

    It happened (during [the last] examination).


    Examples

    EXAMPLES:

    Let’s sit undertheumbrella.

    [prep] [mod.] [object of prep.]

    We are amonggoodfriends.

    [prep] [mod.] [object of prep.]

    We must do it forourselves.

    [prep] [object of prep.]


    Where are prepositional phrases located

    Where are prepositional phrases located?

    • A prepositional phrase does not have to end a sentence. You can also begin a sentence with a prepositional phrase, or you can put the prepositional phrase in the middle of the sentence.

      • You will find a casserole in the refrigerator.

      • In the refrigerator you will find a casserole.

      • You will find in the refrigerator a casserole.


    Where do the commas go

    Where do the commas go?

    • Sometimes when the prepositional phrase is in the beginning or middle of the sentence, a comma or commas is/are needed.

    • For example, why do you need commas in the following sentence?

      • In the cupboard, plates and bowls are located.

    • If there is confusion about the meaning of the sentence, use a comma with your prepositional phrase.


    Can a pronoun be the object of the preposition as well

    Can a pronoun be the “object of the preposition” as well?

    • Objects of prepositions are sometimes pronouns.

    • Since the subject of a sentence will NEVER be within a prepositional phrase, subject pronouns can’t be used as objects.

      • Do NOT use I, she, he, we, they.

    • Object pronouns must be used.

      • Do use me, him, her, us, them.

  • For example, which pronouns should you use in this sentence?

    • How will she choose betweenwe/us and they/them?


  • May i end a sentence with a preposition

    May I end a sentence with a preposition?

    • NO!

    • A preposition MUST have an object, so if you are using correct grammar, your sentences will never end with a preposition.

    • For example, how can you correct these sentences?

      • Where is the party at?

        • [tonight]

      • Who is the letter going to?

        • [Barbara]


    What if i must end a sentence with a preposition

    What if I must end a sentence with a preposition?

    If you are having trouble rewording the sentence, there is a chance that your preposition is actually an adverb.

    Yes, some words can be multiple parts of speech!

    For example, what parts of speech are “INSIDE” and “OFF”?

    The children are playing inside.

    Turn the lights off.


    How to identify the prepositional phrase

    How to Identify the Prepositional Phrase

    STEP 1

    STEP 2

    STEP 3

    • Use your list to identify the PREPOSITION

    • REMEMBER: The preposition STARTS the prepositional phrase.

    • Look for the object (always a noun or a pronoun)

    • Be sure to ask yourself: Is this noun or pronoun describing anything else?

    • REMEMBER: The object ENDS the prepositional phrase.

    • Look for any modifiers.

    • Modifiers are sandwiched between the PREPOSITION and the OBJECT of the preposition.

      • Modifiers EXPLAIN, MODIFY or DESCRIBE the object.


    Prepositions

    “DO NOW” Activity

    Sample:

    She met us (at [the] beach) (before daylight.)

    (prep.) (modifier) (obj.) (prep.) (obj.)


    Prepositions

    1. Upon my arrival, I was whisked into a secret chamber.

    1. (Upon [my] arrival), I was whisked (into [a secret] chamber).

    {prep}[modifier]{object} {prep} {modifiers} {object}

    2. I can't complete the report without the information.

    2. I can't complete the report (without [the] information). {prep} [modifier] {object}

    3. Who says you can go around the world in eighty days?

    3. Who says you can go (around [the] world) (in eighty days)?

    {prep}[modifier]object} {prep}[modifier]{object}

    4. Come into the garden with me.

    4. Come (into the garden) (withme).

    {prep}[modifier]{object} {prep}{object}


    Prepositions

    5. She wanted to go to the movies.

    5. She wanted to go (to [the] movies).

    (this is an infinitive) {prep}{modifier}{object}

    6. The girl from Tampa left her purse in the writing lab.

    6. The girl (fromTampa) left her purse (in [the writing] lab).

    {prep}{object}{prep}{modifiers}{object}


    Prepositions

    7. The stories in that book were translated by my professor.

    7. The stories (in [that] book) were translated (by [my] professor).

    {prep}{modifier}{object}{prep}{modifier}{object}

    8. She was looking for a man with money.

    8. She was looking (fora man) (withmoney).

    {prep}{modifier}{object}{prep}{object}


    Prepositions

    9. That picture behind my desk used to hang in the bedroom.

    • 9. That picture (behind [my] desk) used to hang (in [the] bedroom).

    • {prep}{modifier}{object}{prep}{modifier}{object}

      10. With a gleam in his eye, Big Dog snatched the pork chop.

    • 10. (With [a] gleam) (in [his] eye), Big Dog snatched the pork chop. {prep}{modifier}{object} {prep}{modifier}{object}


    Are you ready for the preposition hunt

    Are you ready for the Preposition Hunt?

    Number your paper 1-18 and skip lines.

    Find the prepositions located on Post-Its throughout the room.

    Write a sentence with each preposition on each Post-It.

    The preposition should show a relationship between objects that are located near the Post-It.


    Preposition hunt

    PREPOSITION HUNT

    • Every preposition is numbered.

    • Write the sentences next to the correct numbers.

    • When you finish, identify the prepositional phrase with (parenthesis.) Label each part:

      • Preposition

      • Modifiers

      • Object of the preposition

    • For example, you could write the following for the preposition by.

      • The printer is BY the COMPUTER.


    Sample sentences

    Sample Sentences

    1.The garbage can is below the bulletin board.

    2. The cardinal is on the radio.

    3. The tissue box is between the house and the candle.

    4. The plant is under the butterfrog.

    5. The crucifix is above the light switch.

    6. The chair is against the wall.

    7. The signatures are around the photographs.


    Preposition hunt1

    PREPOSITION HUNT

    8. The feathers are behind the plant.

    9. The speaker is beside the SmartBoard.

    10. The marker is by the eraser.

    11. The books are in the basket.

    12. The pens are withpencils.

    13. The classmates are near each other.


    Preposition hunt2

    PREPOSITION HUNT

    14. The Post-It is hanging off the pinecone.

    15. The tissues are within the box.

    16. The dog house is without a dog.

    17. The journals are located past the labels.

    18. The coat is hanging over the chair.


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