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Prepositions

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Prepositions

Place Where, Place to Which, and Place from Which

Means , Accompaniment, and Separation

Ablative of Place Where

Uses a preposition

in – in, on

sub – under, at the foot of

Tells where something is

Answers “ubi” questions

Ablative of Place From Which

Uses a preposition

ab, a – away from

de – down from

ex – out of

Tells where something is coming from

Answers “unde” questions

Accusative of Place To Which

- Uses a preposition
- in – into, onto
- ad – to, towards

- Tells where something is going to
- Answers “quo” questions

Ablative of Accompaniment

Uses a preposition

cum – with

Tells who someone is with.

Ablative of Means

No preposition

just the ablative by itself translates with, by (means of)

Tells how or by what means something is done

Ablative of Separation

- Uses a preposition
- sine - without

- Tells who or what someone or something is without

- Prepositional phrases that begin with inter, post, circum and ante are just considered prepositional phrases with the accusative.

We saw the dog in the house.

Ablative Place Where.

They ran away from the dog.

Ablative Place From Which.

We walked the dog with her leash.

Ablative of Means

She ate dinner with her friend.

Ablative of Accompaniment

Your assignment is under your binder.

Ablative Place Where

They went into the house.

Accusative Place to Which

Her house is at the foot of the mountain.

Ablative Place Where

Troia est in Asiā.

Ablative Place Where

Servi equis eunt.

Ablative Means

Servi in oppidum ambulant.

Accusative Place to Which