Napoleon bonaparte
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Napoleon Bonaparte. Emperor/Military Leader. Biography. Born: 15 August 1769 Birthplace: Ajaccio, Corsica Died: 5 May 1821 (Stomach Cancer(?)) Best Known as: The French military genius and Emperor of the 1800s Name at Birth: Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon .

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Napoleon Bonaparte

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Napoleon bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte

Emperor/Military Leader


Biography

Biography

  • Born: 15 August 1769

  • Birthplace: Ajaccio, Corsica

  • Died: 5 May 1821 (Stomach Cancer(?))

  • Best Known as: The French military genius and Emperor of the 1800s

  • Name at Birth: Napoleon Bonaparte


Napoleon

Napoleon

  • Is the most charismatic general in French history

  • Famed for his military successes and (at the same time) for not quite conquering Europe

  • Starting as a second lieutenant in the French artillery

  • He rose quickly through the ranks until he staged a 1799 coup that made him First Consul of France

    • In 1804 he went further, proclaiming himself emperor

  • He led his armies to victory after victory, and by 1807 France ruled territory that stretched from Portugal to Italy and north to the river Elbe.


Napoleon1

Napoleon

  • Napoleon’s attempts to conquer the rest of Europe failed

    • A defeat in Moscow in 1812 nearly destroyed the empire

    • In 1814 he was deposed and exiled to the island of Elba

  • The next year he returned to Paris and again seized power

    • This success was short-lived: the French army’s 1815 loss to the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo finished Napoleon for good

  • He was sent into exile on the island of St. Helena, where he died in 1812


Napoleon2

Napoleon

  • His body was returned to Paris in 1840

  • His tomb there still remains a popular attraction


Extra credit

Extra Credit

  • Napoleon was short enough that early in his military career he was nicknamed “The Little Corporal.”

  • According to Napoleon.org, at his death he was 1.68 meters tall, or about 5’6”

  • Napoleon died of an unidentified ailment, possibly stomach cancer

    • Traces of arsenic were later found in his remains

      • Some have suggested he my have been fatally poisoned

  • The famous portrait of Napoleon with his hand stuck in his vest was painted by Jacques-Louis David


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