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Napoleon Bonaparte. Emperor/Military Leader. Biography. Born: 15 August 1769 Birthplace: Ajaccio, Corsica Died: 5 May 1821 (Stomach Cancer(?)) Best Known as: The French military genius and Emperor of the 1800s Name at Birth: Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon .

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napoleon bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte

Emperor/Military Leader

biography
Biography
  • Born: 15 August 1769
  • Birthplace: Ajaccio, Corsica
  • Died: 5 May 1821 (Stomach Cancer(?))
  • Best Known as: The French military genius and Emperor of the 1800s
  • Name at Birth: Napoleon Bonaparte
napoleon
Napoleon
  • Is the most charismatic general in French history
  • Famed for his military successes and (at the same time) for not quite conquering Europe
  • Starting as a second lieutenant in the French artillery
  • He rose quickly through the ranks until he staged a 1799 coup that made him First Consul of France
    • In 1804 he went further, proclaiming himself emperor
  • He led his armies to victory after victory, and by 1807 France ruled territory that stretched from Portugal to Italy and north to the river Elbe.
napoleon1
Napoleon
  • Napoleon’s attempts to conquer the rest of Europe failed
    • A defeat in Moscow in 1812 nearly destroyed the empire
    • In 1814 he was deposed and exiled to the island of Elba
  • The next year he returned to Paris and again seized power
    • This success was short-lived: the French army’s 1815 loss to the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo finished Napoleon for good
  • He was sent into exile on the island of St. Helena, where he died in 1812
napoleon2
Napoleon
  • His body was returned to Paris in 1840
  • His tomb there still remains a popular attraction
extra credit
Extra Credit
  • Napoleon was short enough that early in his military career he was nicknamed “The Little Corporal.”
  • According to Napoleon.org, at his death he was 1.68 meters tall, or about 5’6”
  • Napoleon died of an unidentified ailment, possibly stomach cancer
    • Traces of arsenic were later found in his remains
      • Some have suggested he my have been fatally poisoned
  • The famous portrait of Napoleon with his hand stuck in his vest was painted by Jacques-Louis David
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