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Napoleon Bonaparte . Ch 20 A. I. Rise of Napoleon. Born Napoleone Buonaparte ; August 15,1769 – May 5, 1821 Corsican Italian Nobility Went to military school in Brienne Then officer school in Paris Was able to come to power due to France taking over Corsica

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i rise of napoleon
I. Rise of Napoleon
  • BornNapoleoneBuonaparte; August 15,1769 – May 5, 1821
    • Corsican
      • Italian Nobility
        • Went to military school in Brienne
          • Then officer school in Paris
    • Was able to come to power due to France taking over Corsica
      • French Revolution made all men, in their territory equal
    • Kept getting promoted to obscurity and then turns it around brings himself to prominence
      • Directory tried to use him and leave him
        • Napoleon was too smart.
i rise of napoleon1
I. Rise of Napoleon
  • Directory tried to have him attack Ireland
    • He chooses Egypt
      • British destroy French fleet and he sneaks back to France due to threats on him.
  • Constitution of the Year III (1795)
    • Very unpopular and resulted in the riots
      • “Whiff of Grapeshot”
  • Constitution of Year VIII (1800)
    • Sets up strong executive branch
      • Sieyes
        • Napoleon forces his retirement and becomes the 1st Consul
ii emperor napoleon
II. Emperor Napoleon
  • Concordat of 1801
    • Solves problem with Catholic Church and Pope
      • Catholicism is major French religion and state selects clergy and pays them
        • Pope has a say
  • Napoleonic Code
        • Civil Code of 1804
      • Universal French law (Equal everywhere)
  • 1804 Bomb Attack
    • Used it to make himself emperor (1804-1814)
      • Another constitution
      • Pope present but Napoleon crowns himself
iii decline
III. Decline
  • Invasion of Russia (1812)
    • Russia was a threat
    • Decided to invade (easy defeat)
    • Russia used scorched earth and allowed Russian winter to defeat France
      • Napoleon fled to put down trouble in Paris
  • European Coalition
    • Fear of Napoleon’s power
    • Russia, Prussia, Britain and Austria (becomes Quadruple alliance
      • Wellington defeats Napoleon
        • Exiled to Elba (Italian island) March 1814
        • Restored Bourbons
iii decline1
III. Decline
  • Quadruple Alliance was disunited without fighting Napoleon
    • Napoleon returns March 1, 1815
      • 100 days
      • People still loyal
      • Promised to be peaceful and reformed
        • Declared outlaw
      • Wellington defeats him at the Battle of Waterloo (Belgium) on June 18,1815
      • Exiled Saint Helena (Atlantic Coast of Africa
        • Died 1821
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