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About the energy efficiency in Serbia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SEMINARIO IN OCCASIONE DELLA MISSIONE IMPRENDITORIALE SERBIA Belgrado, 15 Aprile 2013 Hotel Falkensteiner. About the energy efficiency in Serbia. Pro fessor Dušan Gvozdenac PhD. University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, Serbia. Tihomir Simić PhD Chairman.

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About the energy efficiency in Serbia

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Belgrado, 15 Aprile 2013

Hotel Falkensteiner

About the energy efficiency in Serbia

Professor Dušan Gvozdenac PhD

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, Serbia

Tihomir Simić PhD Chairman

International Renewable Energy Forum, Novi Sad, Serbia

  • Used energy indicators:

  • Total primary energy supply per capita - TPES/per capita [toe/per capita]

  • Electricity consumption per capita [MWh/per capita]

  • CO2/per capita [tCO2/per capita]

  • Countries for which above indicators are analyzed:

  • SERBIA (the country to which the title of the presentation refers)

  • ITALY (the host country of the seminar; stable economy; good results in applying measures for increasing energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources)

  • DENMARK (the country which has increased the most the use of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency in Europe. A good example for a small country such as Serbia to develop the energy field )

Total primary energy supply (TPES) per capita

Electricity consumption per capita

CO2 emission per capita

Results of the Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) method are presented for Serbia.

The analysis shows that identified energy policy instruments are such that success in their implementation will depend on a reformed institutional approach.

  • Interpretation of results

  • Taking into account the dominant energy policy options recognized in the analysis of the intensity of influence, it is possible to ascertain that the highest total scores have been obtained for tasks which do not have an exclusively technical character and that these relevant tasks can produce results in the mid- to long-term. The other observation is that the responsibility for the majority of the options (tasks) lies with competent institutions and bodies in Serbia. Based on these interpretations, it is possible to conclude that there is absence of institutional commitment regarding energy issues. This implies the conclusion that the following is present in Serbia:

    • Poor reception of energy efficiency policy by all stakeholders in energy activities in Serbia (inadequate recognition of energy as a resource)

    • Slow and ineffective energy transition (the structure of sources and consumers is not changed)

    • Insufficient use of available financial mechanisms (expensive capital, low IRR of energy efficiency projects, high discount rate, etc.)

    • Undeveloped market in energy services

    • Inert local authorities (absence of energy planning, absence of consistent implementation of development strategies, lack of project ideas and developed projects, etc.)


    • Based on the analysis of several energy indicators and their comparison with other countries’ indicators, it can be concluded that the results achieved in increasing energy efficiency are very modest in Serbia.

    • Analysis of the current situation in Serbia shows that energy efficiency policies fail in accomplishing the desired objectives in terms of reductions in energy consumption. Monitoring of the implementation of energy efficiency policy measures must be the top priority and the driving force for ongoing change and adjustment of the energy efficiency policy.

    • Evaluation of energy efficiency policy should become a frequent task. Future research work to support energy efficiency policy-making should be directed towards the elaboration of methodologies that will be able to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency policy instruments and allow the selection of the best program of energy efficiency measures, depending on the current stage of development of the energy efficiency market.



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