Complex Cognitive Processes Woolfolk, Cluster 8. Overview Learning and Teaching about Concepts Problem Solving Teaching for Positive Transfer. Concepts categories of similar ideas, events, objects, or people-grouped on the basis of similar commonalities
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Complex Cognitive ProcessesWoolfolk, Cluster 8
Learning and Teaching about Concepts
Teaching for Positive Transfer
Example:A Bird. Concept helps us organize the amounts of information. There are many different kinds of birds but we can categorize them into many groups to understand the diversity of birds.
Defining Attributes- distinctive features shared by members of a category. Bird-all have feathers
Prototype- best representative of a group- Bird- Blue Jay
Exemplars- specific example or memory of a given category that is used to classify an item. You have a pool in your backyard-you compare all other pools to yours
Most of the time, prototypes are built from experiences with many exemplars and over time creating prototypes.
-name of the concept
-definition of the concept
-examples and non-examples (to set the boundaries)
-relevant and irrelevant attributes
-present examples and non-examples before discussion of attributes and/or definitions
-use a variety of examples to avoid under/overgeneralization
undergeneralization-exclusion of a true member of a category/limiting category
overgeneralization-inclusion of nonmembers in a
category/overextending a concept
1)focusing attention 2)understanding the words
3)understanding the whole problem 4) translation and schema
5) results of problem representation