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Complex Cognitive Processes Chapter 8






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Complex Cognitive Processes Chapter 8. Metacognition and learning strategies . Cognitive Processes. Lower-level processes Higher-level processes . Metacognition. develops over time Greater metacognitive awareness = more likely to use effective strategies, have high achievement.
Complex Cognitive Processes Chapter 8

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Slide 1

Complex Cognitive Processes Chapter 8

Slide 2

Metacognition and learning strategies

Slide 3

Cognitive Processes

  • Lower-level processes

  • Higher-level processes

Slide 4

Metacognition

  • develops over time

  • Greater metacognitive awareness = more likely to use effective strategies, have high achievement

  • Slide 5

    Effective Learning Strategies

    • Overt strategies

    • Covert strategies

    Slide 6

    Factors Affecting Strategy Use

    • ??

    Slide 7

    Diversity, Disabilities, & Exceptional Abilities

    • Cultural differences in students’ epistemic beliefs

      • definition & purpose of learning

      • role of effort

      • learning strategies

    • Students with disabilities may need explicit instruction, scaffolding

    Slide 8

    Knowledge Transfer

    • Positive transfer

    • Negative transfer

    • Specific transfer

    • General transfer

    Slide 9

    Factors Affecting Transfer

    • Meaningfulness of original learning

    • Similarity to original learning

    • Material

      • principles, theories more easily transferred than discrete facts

    • Relevance

      • context-free material more easily transferred than context-bound

    • Cultural environment, expectations

    Slide 10

    Problem Solving

    • Well-defined problems

    • Ill-defined problems

    Slide 11

    Problem-Solving Strategies

    • Algorithm

    • Heuristic

    Slide 12

    Factors Affecting Problem Solving

    • Working memory capacity

    • Encoding

    • Metacognitive processes

    Slide 13

    Creativity

    • Two components

      • new, original behavior

      • productive result

    • Involves divergent thinking

    Slide 14

    Fostering Creativity

    • Show students that creativity is valued

    • Focus on internal rewards

    • Promote mastery of subject area

    • Ask thought-provoking questions

    • Give students freedom, security to take risks

    • Provide time

    Slide 15

    Critical thinking

    Slide 16

    Critical Thinking

    • Evaluating accuracy, credibility, worth of information and lines of reasoning

      • verbal reasoning

      • argument analysis

      • probabilistic reasoning

      • hypothesis testing

    Slide 17

    Fostering Critical Thinking

    • Teach fewer topics, greater depth

    • Encourage intellectual skepticism

    • Model critical thinking

    • Provide opportunities to practice

    • Ask questions

    • Debate controversial issues

    • Help students understand that critical thinking involves considerable mental effort, but it’s worth it

    • Embed critical thinking skills in authentic activities

    Slide 18

    Diversity in complex thinking processes

    Slide 19

    Diverse populations

    • Respect culture

      • multicultural background enhances critical thinking skills

    • Assist students who have special needs


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