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Ressearch in Animal Production and Health in Nepal : Way Forward PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Ressearch in Animal Production and Health in Nepal : Way Forward. C.R. Upreti , U. M. Singh, S. P. Neopane , S. M. Pradhan & L. N. Pandey Nepal Agricultural Research Council. Lumle Agriculture Research Center. Mandate and Research Strategy. R esearch on: Crop rice, wheat, maize

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Ressearch in Animal Production and Health in Nepal : Way Forward

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Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Ressearch in Animal Production and Health in Nepal : Way Forward

C.R. Upreti, U. M. Singh, S. P. Neopane, S. M. Pradhan&

L.N. Pandey

Nepal Agricultural Research Council


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Lumle Agriculture Research Center


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Mandate and Research Strategy

Research on:

Crop rice, wheat, maize

Horticulture citrus, commercial vegetables, potato

Livestock bovine, small ruminant, livestock feed and agro-forestry

Cross cutting plant pathology, entomology, soil science, socio-economic, seed lab and biotechnology/tissue culture

Action researchnon-mandated commodities


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Agricultural Contribution to GDP 31%

Employment in agriculture 65.6%

Agriculture growth rate 1.69%

Population growth rate 2.25%

Background

Livestock Contribution to GDP 12%

5


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Main issues, challanges & opportunities of

research in animal production and health

  • Poor peace, infrastructure & resources

  • Poor experties and academic environment

  • Poor mechanism for sustainability

Opportunities

  • Ecological suitability for research

  • Market demand of animal products in & abroad

  • Abundant promising human resource


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

NARC Established in 1991

(Under NARC Act BS 2048)(Amendment of NARC Act BS 2053)

Mandate

  • Technology generation focusing on livelihood

  • Research prioritization,Coordination of NARS

  • Policy advice to GON

7


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Organogram of Nepal Agricultural Research Council

Council (16)

Executive Board (8)

  • NARC HQ

  • Executive Director

  • Dir., Planning & Coord.

  • Dir., Crops & Hort. Res.

  • Dir., Liv. & Fish. Res.

  • Dir., Admin.

  • Dir., Financial Admin.

Cross Cutting

Division/Units

(3+3)

Regional

Directorates

(4)

Commodity

Programs

(11+3=14)

NARI & NASRI

Disciplinary Divisions

(8+5=13)

Agricultural Research Stations

(13)

8


Status of human resources

Status of Human Resources

9


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Altogether 53 Reserch Stations including regional Stations


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Agriculture Perspective Plan

Poverty Reduction Strategy/3Yr Int. Plan

National Agriculture Policy 2061

NARC Vision 2021

MDGs/WTO/SAFTA…

NARC Research PriorityGuiding Principles


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

2.0

5.5

3.5

Yield gap in milk production, National

3.5


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

  • Livestock contributes 31% to the total AGDP of the country.

  • APP has targeted 45% livestock contribution in AGDP by 2015.


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Per capita milk, meat, and egg consumption of Nepal

Source: Shrestha et al 2002, MoAC 2009


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Comparative availability, rquirement and milk and meat deficit in Nepal

Source: Pradhan et al 2008


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

  • Research collaboraters in Animal production & health

  • in Nepal

  • FAO/UNDP

  • ILRI

    • JICA

    • DFID

    • DLS

    • USAID

    • World Bank

    • Israel, Bangor

    • Institute of Agriculture & Animal Science , Rampur

    • Himalayan College of Agricultural Sciences, HICAST


Trend of approved budget of moac narc in last five years

Trend of Approved budget of MoAC & NARC in last five years


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Animal production & health research

Breeding Technologies:

Bovine:

  • Breeding technique for different agro climatic condition of Nepal identified and recommended

  • Blood level of exotic genotype (50% blood level) identified and recommended to the farmer's condition.

  • Rearing technology of improved cattle and buffalo developed and handed over to the DLS in regular basis.

  • Rare breed Achhami cattle characterized

  • DCIP funded by FAO (TCP) base d on R&D concept jointly run by the NARC & DLS


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Parkote

  • Milk production- 1031 L/305 d

  • First calving – 55.2 m

  • Calving interval – 529 d


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

BUFFALO (Indigenous)

Lime

  • Milk production- 1048 L/305 d

  • First calving – 51.6 m

  • Calving interval – 535d


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Cattle

Jersey

  • Average milk production: 2821 L

  • Highest: 4299.3 L

  • Lowest: 1342.8 L


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Indigenous cattle breeds of Nepal


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Emerging one of the private commercial dairy farm


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

Buffalo breeds of Nepal

LIME

GADDI

PARKOTE

Murrah and cross


Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

  • Small ruminant:Indigenous goat breeds of Nepal

  • Native goats

  • Chyangra (in Tarns Himalayan Region),

  • Sinhal (in mountain region),

  • Khari (Hill region), and

  • Terai goats (Terai region).


  • Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Goat husbandry

    Pure Barbari

    Khari

    Jamuna pari cross


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Khari Goat

    • Birth weight- 1.72 kg

    • 6 - months weight – 13.2 kg

    • 12 months weight – 21.3 kg

    • Age at 1st service –242.2d

    • Kidding interval, days-270 d

    • Twining percentage – 65%


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    • Selective breeding on Khari goat for mid hills of Nepal.


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Indigenous sheep breeds of Nepal

    Lampuchhare

    Kage cross (50%)

    Baruwal

    Bhyanglung


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Poultry:

    Giriraja Chicken suitable for back yard poultry farming has been development and adopted by the farmers in Terai, and hills of Nepal.


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Indigenous chicken breeds of Nepal


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Swine (some native species)

    • Bampudke,

    • Banel,

    • Chuyanche,

    • Hurra

    • Pakhribas black pig

    • Exotic breeds : Landrace, Yorkshire etc have been used to develop the cross breed.


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Rabbit:

    • German Angora, Russian Chin Chila.

    Hyaline California

    • Litter size at birth– 6.6

    • Litter size at weaning-4.5

    • Pre weaning mortality, % -21.76

    • Litter wt at birth, kg -0.65

    • Average kit wt at birth, gm- 98.5

    • Litter wt at weaning, kg – 3.0

    • Average kit wt at weaning, kg- 0.67

    • Adult weight, kg – 4.75

    Chinchila


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Feed & Nutrition Technology

    Bovine:

    Low cost feed based on crop residue

    UMMB technology developed

    Small ruminants:

    Stall fed technology for goats

    Feeding package for mountain sheep

    Red soil supplementation to sheep during winter


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Non Ruminant Feeding

    Poultry

    • Methionin and lysine supplementation on broiler diet

    • Feeding technology for scavenging system

      Swine

    • Level of forage (water hyacinth, comphrey etc.) inclusion on the diet identified.

      Rabbit

    • Rabbit feeding package using locally available feed


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Dairy Research

    • Product diversificstion research work

    • Post harvest for keeping quality

    • Hygenic milk production


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Feeds and Fodder Research:

    • Different types of fodder and pasture species identified and selected.

    • Silage bag technique for winter feeding identified

    • Agro-forestry technologies for hills developed by RARS, Lumle


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Kamdhenu

    • Suitable cultivars of oat for different agro-eco zones identified,

      • Netra

      • Kamudhenu

  • Suitable pasture sps for high hills and mountain identified

  • Netra

    GM Yield: 80 - 90 t/ha.(5 cuttings)


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    • Pasture Research

    • Varieties of Oat, Berseem& Napier in pipeline

    • Technology for year round green fodder production developed

    • Technology of plastic bag silage for dry period


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Health care Technologies

    • The research is based on the diseases as defined by Official Epizootics International (OIE) such as,

    • OIE List A, B, C diseases

    • Unclassified diseases such as mastitis, abortion, parasitic gastroenteritis (Multiple).


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    • Technologies on Animal Health

    • Bovine & small ruminants

    • Preventive strategy of mastitis in bovine

    • Treatment of posterior paralytic syndrome in goat

    • Control measure of Degnella disease

    • Strategy for the reduction of incidence of respiratory disease in goats.

    • Strategy for gastrointestinal nematode control.

    • Use of Bozo, Sisnu and Surti for the control of ticks.

    • Feeding of rice straw prevents fascioliosis in stall fed animals

    • Control strategy of foot rot in small ruminant.


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Technology for poultry disease control

    Vaccine production technology

    • Ranikhet F1 strain vaccine

    • Ranikhet R2 B strain vaccine

    • RD LOasota strain vaccine

    • Fowl pox vaccine

    • Infectious Bursal Disease (Live) strain vaccine


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Preventive technologies for livestockdiseases

    • H.S. vaccine (alum precipitated)

    • B.Q. vaccine ( alum precipitated

    • H.S. and B.Q. combine vaccine (alum precipitated)

    • Anthrax spore

    • Swine fever (Capinized live)

    • PPR vaccine


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Technologies for the control of zoonotic diseases

    • Carbolised 20% sheep brain vaccine

    • 5% sheep strain vaccine

    • BPL antirabies vaccine

    • Tissue culture anti-rabies (trial batch)


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Way forward in Animal Production and HealthResearch

    Climate change

    • Livestock research in relation to climate change and global warming

    • Establishment of Deemed University

      Animal Breeding

      • Genetic resource conservation and utilization

      • Breed Development

      • Participatory selection program

    Animal Nutrition

    • Low cost feeding package

    • Characterization / identification nutritive feed resources.

    • Quality control mechanism for raw ingredients and compound feed etc


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Livestock Production & Management

    • Technology generation for cattle and buffalo

    • Qualitywool and meat production

    • Fodder based feeding management

    • Management technologies suitable for different ecological zones

    • Socio-economics in relation to livestock commercialization

    • Best Management Practices (BMP) for quality production


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Animal Health

    • Khari disease in buffalo

    • Organism Bank

    • Zoonotic disease

    • Infertility in Cattle and Buffalo

    • Study on vectors of animal disease

    • Natural micro flora of indigenous animal.

    • Genetic resistance of indigenous stock against disease

    • Indigenous plants and biological materials against Pathogen and parasites.


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Forage, Pasture and Agro forestry

    • Suitable variety release of forage crops

    • Rangeland / community land management

    • Improved on fodder productivity considering environment

    • Temperate legume seed production


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    CONCLUSION

    Nepal is basically a livestock based agrarian society. Thus, highest level organizational identity of Livestock sector could contribute substantially in national economy and prosperity.

    Such identity would strengthen both research and extension network for animal production and health for sustainability of animal industry, environment and peace.


    Ressearch in animal production and health in nepal way forward

    Thank You


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