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Animal Rights & Welfare What comes to mind when you see these images? ANIMAL RIGHTS Animals should not be used by humans. Animal Welfare If man raises or uses animals, then they should be humanely treated. Given food, water, shelter, health care ANIMAL RIGHTS MOVEMENT

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Animal Rights & Welfare

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Animal Rights & Welfare


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What comes to mind when you see these images?


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ANIMAL RIGHTS

  • Animals should not be used by humans.


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Animal Welfare

  • If man raises or uses animals, then they should be humanely treated.

  • Given food, water, shelter, health care


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ANIMAL RIGHTS MOVEMENT

  • Rights is not the same as welfare!

  • Term should not be used as if it means the same as animal welfare

  • Media often wrongly use the 2 terms interchangeably


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ANIMAL RIGHTS Today

  • There are over 400 animal rights groups.

  • Came into existence in the 1960s and 1970s.

  • Initially mainly made up of urban people of whom, were vegetarians.


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Beliefs of Most Animal Rights Movement Groups

  • Humanize animals to have same rights as humans (humans are also animals)

  • To use animals for human purposes is morally and ethically wrong, reflects a bias that humans are superior to animals

  • Animals should never be used for food, clothing, medical research, and/or product testing.

  • Animals should not be used for entertainment

  • Believe in ecoterrorism to prevent people from using animals if necessary


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Animal Rights is:

  • To end all human "exploitation" of animals - this includes, but is not limited to:

    • raising and slaughtering of livestock for human or animal consumption

    • eating meat

    • Hunting

    • using animals for medical/veterinary research

    • Zoos, circuses, rodeos, horseshows, dogshows

    • animals performing in TV commercials, shows or movies

    • guide-dogs for the blind

    • police dogs

    • search & rescue dogs

    • and the practice of owning pets


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PETA – People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

  • Animal Rights Group

  • Largest group-- 800,000 members

  • Since 1980, it has been dedicated to establishing and protecting rights of animals. Against eating, wearing, experimenting and using animals for entertainment & kept as pets

  • RADICAL group

    • Acts of “terrorism”

    • Controversial campaigns


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PETA – People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

  • PETA rakes in nearly $30 million each year in income, much of it raised from pet owners who think their donations actually help animals

  • PETA is against the no kill movement and euthanizes the majority of animals that are given to them

    • In 2004, PETA killed 2278 animals while finding homes for 368 animals !

    • According to government records PETA has killed more than 17,000 animals since 1998.


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PETA – People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

"Arson, property destruction, burglary and theft are 'acceptable crimes' when used for the animal cause."

- Alex Pacheco, Director, PETA


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ANIMAL LIBERATION FRONT (ALF)

  • The Animal Liberation Front (ALF) is a name used internationally by those who, through the means of direct action, oppose the use of animals as property or resources through capitalizing on the destruction and experimentation of animals

    • Includes:

      • stealing animals from laboratories or fur farms

      • destroying facilities involved in animal testing and other animal-based industries


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ANIMAL LIBERATION FRONT (ALF)

  • ALF is not a group with a membership, but an example of a leaderless resistance.

  • ALF has been described as a domestic terrorist threat in the UK, and in January 2005, it was named as a terrorist threat by the United States Department of Homeland Security.

  • Placing homemade bombs on doorsteps, raiding laboratories, destroying facitilies, setting farm animals “free” (to be run over or die without proper feed/care), etc…


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  • ANIMAL WELFARE Organization

  • Volunteer run organization

  • Educate the public about being a responsible animal owner;

    • making the correct choice of a pet for your needs and lifestyle

    • having realistic expectations of the behavior and level of care of your pet

    • finding resources for training to achieve a happy, healthy relationship with your pet.

  • Educate the public and professionals on the difference between animal welfare and animal rights.

http://www.ncraoa.com


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So the difference is….

  • While Animals Rights Advocates and Groups talk about humane care, the bottom line is to work for humane care and legislation ONLYuntil all animals can be removed from human use. The reason for this is the Animal Rights belief that no species on this planet is better than another; therefore, humans have no right to dominate over, use, breed, or eat non-human species.


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Important Dates and Acts of Legislation associated with animal welfare….

1. 1641The bodies of Liberty-- to protect farm animals from cruel treatment the 1st laws

on the books


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2. 1828 1st anticruelty act passed by the New York legislature.

3. 1866ASPCA was formed. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals


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4. 1906Animal Transportation Act —limits distance traveled without food & water

5. 1958Humane Slaughter Act—all animals must be rendered unconscious before bleeding/sticking


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  • 6. 1966- Public Law 89-544 Laboratory Animal Welfare Act (AWA) —insure the humane care and treatment of dogs, cats and certain other animals used for research, experimentation, exhibition and sale purposes

    • Exceptions – mice, rats, and birds used in research

  • 7. 1976Horse Protection Act - wild horses, mustangs can not be slaughtered


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Animal Research

  • Animal testing or animal research refers to the use of animals in experiments.

  • 17-23 million animals are used in the United States for research every year. About 95% are rats and mice specifically bred for research

  • Over 10 times more animals are used by humans for other purposes (agriculture, food, hunting, pest control) than are used in animal testing

  • 1 million animals a day are hit by vehicles.


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Animal Research

  • In 2000, about $45 billion was spent in the United States for biomedical research.

  • By comparison, Americans spent $1.5 billion on health care in the year 2000.

  • In other words, for every $ spent on health care, three and a half cents were spent on research.

  • Scientists are pleased that the small investment in animal research yields improved treatments and cures that save money. But far more rewarding is the knowledge that animal research saves lives.

http://www.fbresearch.org/


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Animal Research

  • The earliest references to animal testing are found in the writings of the Greeks in the second and fourth centuries BC.

  • Insulin was first isolated from dogs in 1922, and revolutionized the treatment of diabetes


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Animal Research

"Animal research has played a vital role in virtually every major medical advance of the last century."

– Foundation for Biomedical Research


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Animal Research

  • Most scientists and governments say they agree that animal testing should cause as little suffering to animals as possible, and that animal tests should only be performed where necessary.

  • The “Three Rs" are guiding principles for the use of animals in research in many countries:


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Animal Research

  • Reduction refers to methods that enable researchers to obtain comparable levels of information from fewer animals, or to obtain more information from the same number of animals.

  • Replacement refers to the preferred use of non-animal methods over animal methods whenever it is possible to achieve the same scientific aim.

  • Refinementrefers to methods that alleviate or minimize potential pain, suffering or distress, and enhance animal welfare for the animals still used.


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Animal Research

  • According to the 2000 USDA Annual Report:

    • 63% of animals experienced slight or momentary pain, such as an injection.

    • 29% of the research procedures employed anesthesia and postoperative painkillers.

    • 7% of the procedures, neither anesthesia nor pain medication could be used, as they would have interfered with research results. However, when this is the case, pain is minimized as much as possible.


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Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals

  • Provides guidelines and references for establishment and maintenance of effective programs and facilities for animal research

  • Widely accepted as the primary reference for animal care and use


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Responsible Pet Ownership

What does it take


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  • Being a responsible pet owner is much more than just providing adequate water, food and shelter for your pet. Domestic pets are completely dependent on their owners for their welfare.

  • Owning a pet is a lifetime commitment. If you can't make the commitment, don't get the pet.


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before adopting consider:

  • Getting a pet should never be an impulse decision. Careful research and planning are essential.

  • ANIMALS ARE NOT DISPOSABLE!

  • Animals are thinking, feeling creatures. They bond deeply with their families, and they deserve the same devotion from you.

    • Bringing a pet into your home should be a life-long commitment, which can easily be 10-15 years.


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before adopting consider:

  • Prepare for costs associated with basic and emergency veterinary care, quality food, and supplies.


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before adopting consider:

  • Where you get the animal from? Shelter? Breeder? Rescue? Pet store? Puppy Mill?


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before adopting consider:

  • Educate yourself about pet care before you adopt. Responsibilities such as feeding and bathing, cleaning up feces, and walking are all part of caring for your pet.


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  • Take some time to understand dog behavior and develop realistic expectations. Many books and videos are available on the subject.


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before adopting consider:

  • Don't be guilty of "dog storage" by leaving your dog in the back yard 24 hours/day. Exercise your dog daily and make him your companion.


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before adopting consider:

  • Choose a pet that fits your lifestyle!

  • All dogs require daily exercise; however, active dogs require daily rigorous exercise, such as running, or interaction with other dogs. If you are not up to the task, choose a dog with a calmer, less active temperament.


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before adopting consider:

  • Consider apartment pet restrictions, space, and outside access if you are gone all day.

  • Pay attention to allergies.


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before adopting consider:

  • Spay or neuter your pets. There are too many homeless animals without adding to the problem.


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before adopting consider:

  • Be aware of weather conditions. Leaving your dog in the car on a hot day or in the yard without shade or water is risking your dog's life.


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before adopting consider:

  • Pet Proof - Make sure your home is "pet" safe. Pesticides, medications, household cleaners and some houseplants can be deadly to your pet. Keep them out of reach.


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before adopting consider:

  • Keep identification tag on your pet... it is your pets ticket back home.

    • Both dogs and cats need ID!! Microchipping is good too, but an external tag is essential, it could mean the difference of your neighbor returning your pet to you or turning him into the pound!


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before adopting consider:

  • Obedience train and socialize your animal.

  • Don't let your pets run loose. Dogs should be walked leashes. Any outdoor off leash access should be secure in a fenced area. An outdoor cats average lifespan is 3 years, an indoor cat's average lifespan is 14 years.


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before adopting consider:

  • Provide your pet the proper diet. Obesity can be as deadly as malnutrition. Be aware that some foods can be deadly, such as chocolate, grapes/raisins and fatty foods can cause pancreatitis.

  • Make sure your pet gets proper amount of exercise.


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Be kind to your pet

and show it love...

remember

you are it’s world.


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Pet Overpopulation


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Spay/Neuter

Myths & Facts


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Myths…

1. My pet will get fat and lazy

  • FACT: The truth is that most pets get fat and lazy because their owners feed them too much and don't give them enough exercise.

    2. It’s better to have one litter first

  • Medical evidence indicates just the opposite. In fact, the evidence shows that females spayed before their first heat are typically healthier. Many veterinarians now sterilize dogs and cats as young as eight weeks of age.


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Myths…

3. My children should experience the miracle of birth

  • Even if children are able to see a pet give birth—which is unlikely, since it usually occurs at night and in seclusion—the lesson they will really learn is that animals can be created and discarded as it suits adults. Instead, it should be explained to children that the real miracle is life and that preventing the birth of some pets can save the lives of others.


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Myths….

4. But my pet is a purebred

  • Congratulations - So is at least one out of every four pets brought to animal shelters around the country. There are just too many dogs and cats—mixed breed and purebred


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Myths….

5. I don't want my male dog or cat to feel like less of a male.

  • FACT: Pets don't have any concept of sexual identity or ego. Neutering will not change a pet's basic personality. He doesn't suffer any kind of emotional reaction or identity crisis when neutered.


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Myths….

6. It’s too expensive to have my pet spayed or neutered

  • Owning a pet does require spending $$$

  • The cost of spaying or neutering depends on the sex, size, and age of the pet, your veterinarian's fees, and a number of other variables.

  • But whatever the actual price, spay or neuter surgery is a one-time cost—a relatively small cost when compared to all the benefits.

  • It's a bargain compared to the cost of having a litter and ensuring the health of the mother and litter; two months of pregnancy and another two months until the litter is weaned can add up to significant veterinary bills and food costs if complications develop.

  • Most importantly, it's a very small price to pay for the health of your pet and the prevention of the births of more unwanted pets.

  • There are reduced fee programs available (SPCA)


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Myths….

7. I’ll find good homes for all the puppies or kittens

  • You may find homes for all of your pet's litter. But each home you find means one less home for the dogs and cats in shelters who need good homes.

  • How do you know that each home will be committed to keeping the animal for it’s entire life – “A Forever Home”

  • Also, in less than one year's time, each of your pet's offspring may have his or her own litter, adding even more animals to the population. The problem of pet overpopulation is created and perpetuated one litter at a time.


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Too many animals, not enough homes

  • Every day 10,000 humans are born and 70,000 cats and dogs are born

  • In order to end the homelessness of cats and dogs, each man, woman and child would need to adopt 7 animals each


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Pet Overpopulation

  • Every year, between 6 and 8 million dogs and cats enter U.S. shelters; some 4 to 5 million of these animals are euthanized because there are not enough homes for them.

  • Too many companion animals competing for too few good homes is the most obvious consequence of uncontrolled breeding


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Pet Overpopulation

  • Every day in the United States, thousands upon thousands of puppies and kittens are born because of the uncontrolled breeding of pets.

  • Add to that number the offspring of stray and abandoned companion animals, and the total becomes even more staggering.


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Pet Overpopulation

  • Communities are forced to spend millions of taxpayer dollars trying to cope with the consequences of this surplus of pets. These public costs include services such as investigating animal cruelty, humanely capturing stray animals, sheltering lost and homeless animals and the costs associated with euthanizing and disposing their bodies.


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The Solution

  • Education is an essential part of solving this problem. Unless people know the facts about pet overpopulation and sterilization, they are virtually helpless to do anything about the problem.

  • Reduced spay/neuter fees play an important role as well

  • Pet owners can do their part by having their companion animals spayed or neutered. This is the single most important step you can take.

    • Have your pet sterilized so that he or she does not contribute to the pet overpopulation problem, and adopt your next pet from an animal shelter/rescue


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The Solution

  • Only by implementing widespread sterilization programs, only by spaying and neutering companion animals, and increasing education and awareness about spaying and neutering.

    • In seven years, 1 female cat and her offspring can theoretically produce 420,000 cats

    • Given these high reproductive rates, carefully planned and implemented sterilization programs could produce a dramatic reduction in the number of unwanted companion animals born.

    • In fact, in those towns and cities that have implemented such programs, we've already seen the number of companion animals who had to be euthanized decline by 30 to 60 percent —even in those communities where human populations have been steadily increasing.


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Benefits of Spaying & Neutering

  • Healthier pets!!! reducing or eliminating the risk of mammary gland tumors, ovarian and/or uterine cancer, prostate disease, and testicular cancer

  • Reduce the number of unwanted cats and dogs

  • Increase the desire for the pet to stay at home and not roam

  • Reduce aggressive and territorial behavior

  • Increase your bonding time by eliminating the mating behavior – crying and howling incessantly, spraying, attempting to run out the door


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Other issues


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Breed Specific Legislation“Breed Bans”

  • Regulation of your right to own or, in many cases, not own a dog based solely on the breed or "type“ of dog, not your responsibility as an owner.

  • Target all dogs of a certain breed/type. Guilty AND Innocent.

  • The American Veterinary Medical Association opposes breed-specific legislation


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Breed Specific Legislation

  • Dog problems are generally problems with owner responsibility and are not limited to breeds. When breeds are singled out as dangerous or vicious, responsibility is removed from the dog owner which is where it belongs. Irresponsible people are also less likely to follow the law - and as a result, everyone has to suffer


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Breed Specific Legislation

  • Communities that have instituted such bans often find that the irresponsible owners and the criminals who use dogs for illegal purposes simply switch to another breed.

  • Often dogs are mislabeled and destroyed based on paranoia and prejudice and also punishes those that are good canine citizens


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Alternatives

  • Stronger enforcement of existing dangerous dog laws.

  • If they are not already in place - lobby for protection from untrained and unsupervised dogs of any breed or mix.

  • This is a broad-based effort that protects all citizens as any dog can bite and be a nuisance when owned by an irresponsible owner.

  • Those who would deliberately train a dog to act aggressively towards people or other animals, or to use dogs in the commission of a felony or misdemeanor should face additional penalties.


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Alternatives

  • Encourage local animal rescue and welfare agencies to provide responsible dog ownership seminars and canine safety education.

  • Protect the rights of all citizens with nuisance ordinances such as anti-barking, pooper scooper regulations and leash laws.

    www.animallaw.info

    www.pbrc.net/breedspecific.html


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Vegetarian vs. Vegan

  • Vegetarianism is the practice of not consuming the flesh of any animal

  • Veganism excludes all animal products from diet and in some definitions from attire also, whether or not the production of clothing or items has involved the actual death of an animal (dairy, eggs, honey, wool, silk, down feathers, etc.)


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variety of different practices of vegetarianism

Foods in the main vegetarian diets


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Current issues:

1. Do animals have rights?

2. Should animals be used for food?

3. Should animals be used for experimentation?

4. Should hunting and trapping of animals be allowed?

5. Should animals be used in a classroom?

6. Should animals be kept as pets?


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YOUR OPINION COUNTS!

  • Pick one of the questions/current issues and write a 1 page explanation of your opinion. Provide examples to back up your beliefs.

    Written in your own words.


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