Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 28

EnvironmentalEvolution of the Petroleum Industry PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 72 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

EnvironmentalEvolution of the Petroleum Industry. Lee C. Gerhard Principal Geologist Kansas Geological Survey. Oklahoma City Gusher. Regulatory Premises Prevention of waste Conservation of the resource Protection of corollary rights Environmental protection. Produced Fluids. Oil

Download Presentation

EnvironmentalEvolution of the Petroleum Industry

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

EnvironmentalEvolution of the Petroleum Industry

Lee C. Gerhard

Principal Geologist

Kansas Geological Survey


Oklahoma city gusher

Oklahoma City Gusher


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Regulatory Premises

  • Prevention of waste

  • Conservation of the resource

  • Protection of corollary rights

  • Environmental protection


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Produced Fluids

Oil

Gas

Water (saline or fresh)

Nitrogen

Other gases (H2S, He)

(characteristics controlled by geologic settings)


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Regulatory Oversight on Petroleum E & P

State regulations and permitting(primary, direct)

Clean Water Act(operations)

Clean Air Act(operations)

NEPA(access, operations)

ESA(access)

Antiquities Act(access)

OSHA(operations)

Federal and state land managers policies(secondary, indirect)


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Environmental Issues

EXPLORATION

Site access

Seismic

PRODUCTION

Produced water

Hydrogen sulfide

Casinghead gas venting

Oil spills

Migratory birds

DRILLING AND COMPLETION

Area of land use

Drilling fluids

NORM

Blowouts

Protection of ground water

Protection of aqueous environments

POST-PRODUCTION

Plugging depleted wells

Salt dissolution

Reclamation


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

DRILLING

Land useExtreme impactMod. ImpactSmall footprint

(multiple bores)

Groundwater protectionNoneSurface casingCement off

Reserve pit fluidsSeeped, evap.InjectedRe-used

CuttingsLeft in pitLeft in pitGrind & inject

NORMUnrecognized“Safe disposal”

BlowoutsLived with Blowout preventers

Drilling technologyCable toolRotary, horiz.“Three-D” coiled

tubing

Aqueous env.No noticeMinimal dischargeZero discharge (diapers)

Issues and Answers

ADVANCED

OLD

STANDARD

EXPLORATION

SeismicNoneInvasiveNon-Invasive

Endangered speciesNoneModified operatingInternational

Land withdrawalNonePrivate mineralsInternational

AntiquitiesNoneMitigationInternational


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

The Old: 1920’s El Dorado Field, KS


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

EXPLORATION HAS CHANGED


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

For Sensitive Areas,

Helicopter Operations


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Even the Drillers Wear Suits


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Small Impacts on Ranchland


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Tarr Farm, PA, 1862


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

But Nature Heals: Tarr Farm, 1991, same view


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Drilling has changed, from the turn of the century,


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

To the 1970’s,


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

To Fully Diapered Rigs,


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

To

Advanced

Drilling

Systems...


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Issues and Answers

ADVANCED

OLD

STANDARD

PRODUCTION

Produced waterSurface flowedInjectedRe-used

Oil spillsNaturalSoil removalMicrobial

H2SVentedVapor & sulfur

recovery

Casinghead gasVentedFlaredRe-injected

Migratory birdsNoneNetsEliminate

pits

POST-PRODUCTION

PluggingNon, “dump stuff”Set plugsReduce

verticals

Salt dissolutionNot a problemBetter designM.I. test

Site reclamationNoneModerateTotal


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

This Was The Old, and it Met the Standards of its Time…...


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Modern Production Facilities Meet the Standards of Their Time...


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Whether in the Rockies or the Great Plains…..


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Or Arctic North Slope


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

ENERGY PRODUCTION MEETS ENVIRONMENTAL NEEDS


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

EXPLORATION

SeismicNoneInvasiveNon-Invasive

Endangered speciesNoneModified operatingInternational

Land withdrawalNonePrivate mineralsInternational

AntiquitiesNoneMitigationInternational

DRILLING

Land useExtreme impactMod. ImpactSmall footprint (multiple bores)

Groundwater protectionNoneSurface casingCement off

Reserve pit fluidsSeeped, evap.InjectedRe-used

CuttingsLeft in pitLeft in pitGrind & inject

NORMUnrecognized“Safe disposal”

BlowoutsLived with Blowout preventers

Drilling technologyCable toolRotary, horiz.“Three-D” coiled tubing

Aqueous env.No noticeMinimal dischargeZero discharge (diapers)s

PRODUCTION

Produced waterSurface flowedInjectedRe-used

Oil spillsNaturalSoil removalMicrobial

H2SVentedVapor & sulfur recovery

Casinghead gas VentedFlaredRe-injected

Migratory birdsNoneNetsEliminate pits

POST-PRODUCTION

PluggingNon, “dump stuff”Set plugsReduce verticals

Salt dissolutionNot a problemBetter designM.I. Test

Site reclamationNoneModerateTotal

Issues and Answers

OLD

STANDARD

ADVANCED


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

And Nature is a Willing

Helper for Solving

Old Problems

1867

Pioneer &

Funkville,PA

1984


Environmentalevolution of the petroleum industry

Energy Sustains Human Society, with Respect for the Environment

Eastern Montana, 1978


  • Login