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BIO – SURFACTANT FOR THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
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Surfactants Also Aggregate To Form Extended Structures In Water, Such As The Surfactant Bilayer Depicted Here.
An analogy would be that negative attracts negative and positive attracts positive. The micelle has a hydrophilic (water seeking) pole and a hydrophobic (water repelling) pole. The hydrophobic poles attract each other, thus forming the interior of the micelle. The hydrophilic poles form a tough outer surface
When a micelle comes in contact with a hydrocarbon molecule, the center of the micelle bonds to a similar hydrophobic hydrocarbon. It disrupts the attraction to the other hydrocarbon molecules and/or to the surface.
The action of a single micelle is multiplied by billions of other micelles. The molecular emulsification process penetrates highly viscous and sticky materials, lifting them from the surface to which they are adhered.
Surfactants, being surface-active agents, adsorb at the oil/water interfaces. The patterns in which they adsorbare well defined due to the properties of each end of the molecule. The hydrophilicheads like to be in the water, while the hydrophobic tails like to be in the oil. It is said that surfactantsform oriented, stabilising films.
Sample of 100 ml treated with SOV CLEAN OIL 0,008% showed lower emulsion layer and improved oil extraction of 8% was achieved at 80°C
A Batch – 100 ml of Crude Oil was dispensed into a beaker, - an assumption was taken, i.e. 60% of 100ml - 60ml Hydrocarbon content;
A Batch – 100 ml of Black Stuff was dispensed into a beaker, - an assumption was taken, i.e. 60% of 100ml - 60ml Hydrocarbon content;
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