Cell Structure Flashcards
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Cell Structure Flashcards

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1. All living things are made of one or more cells

2. Cells are the basic unit of every living organism

3. Cells only come from pre-existing cells

This is the…





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They don’t grow

They don’t require energy

They don’t maintain homeostasis

They don’t reproduce…

And they’re not made of cells!



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Swine Flu Virus

The protein coat surrounding the DNA or RNA is called a…



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Which stage of Viral infection produces

dying cells and millions of viruses?



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What do

retroviruses like

AIDS have that

regular viruses

do not?


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RNA instead

of DNA





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Mitochondria glucose into useable energy



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Lysosomes out cell parts



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cytoskeleton structure



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vacuole structure





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Cell Wall plant cells


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Makes proteins plant cells


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Ribosomes plant cells



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Chloroplast CO2 and water into glucose (sugar)



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Plasma Membrane leaves the cell



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Nucleus leaves the cell



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Nucleolus leaves the cell



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Flagella leaves the cell



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Centrioles leaves the cell



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Cilia from the plasma membrane


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Watery interior of the cell from the plasma membrane


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The movement of substances in, from the plasma membrane

into, and out of the cell

Nerve cell


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Cell Transport from the plasma membrane

Nerve cell


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Maintaining a constant from the plasma membrane

internal environment


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HOMEOSTASIS from the plasma membrane


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Which organelle from the plasma membrane

Maintains homeostasis?


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The Plasma Membrane from the plasma membrane


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The two ways that cells from the plasma membrane

maintain homeostasis:


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Passive Transport from the plasma membrane

Active Transport)


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The main component of the plasma from the plasma membrane

membrane - polar heads attract

water, fatty tails repel water -

making a “sandwich”


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Phospholipid bilayer from the plasma membrane


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Passive Transport #1 from the plasma membrane

the movement of particles

from an area of high

concentration to low


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Diffusion from the plasma membrane


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Passive Transport #2 from the plasma membrane

Diffusion made easier by the use of proteins (transport proteins)


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Facilitated Diffusion from the plasma membrane


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Passive Transport #3 from the plasma membrane

The movement of water across the

membrane from high water

concentration to low


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Osmosis from the plasma membrane



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Hypotonic placed into it:


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Active Transport #1 placed into it:

When

cells “eat”

substances by

surrounding and

engulfing them


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Endocytosis placed into it:



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Active transport #2 placed into it:

Active Transport

Releasing large particles through

openings in the plasma membrane -

the opposite of endocytosis


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Active Transport placed into it:

Exocytosis


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Active Transport placed into it:

The end


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