Quoting in the body of your essay
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Quoting in the Body of Your Essay. To incorporate material from sources into your essay, you paraphrase the source, or you quote the source. What does it mean when words are in quotation marks?. _________________________________ _________________________________

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Quoting in the Body of Your Essay

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Quoting in the body of your essay

Quoting in the Body of Your Essay

To incorporate material from sources into your essay, you paraphrase the source, or you quote the source.


What does it mean when words are in quotation marks

What does it mean when words are in quotation marks?

  • _________________________________

  • _________________________________

  • _________________________________


Example quote

Example: Quote

“Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter. Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes” (Lester 46).

Work Cited

Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (1976): 46-47.

Print.


Example quote with the 3 i s

Example: Quote with the 3 I’s

__________

According to James D. Lester, author of Writing Research Papers,“students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter. Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes” (46). Therefore, when students write their essays, they should paraphrase as often as possible and only use quotations when necessary. Then their work becomes more authentic.

Work Cited

Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (1976): 46-47. Print.

___________

_________


Notice

Notice

The passage is enclosed in quotes.

Since the author’s name is included in the paraphrase, you do not need an in-text citation, only the page number.

The passage _____________________ _____________________; it reads like a complete, correct sentence.

The quote is _____________,not patched on or dropped in the essay and left for the reader to figure out what it means.


Combining quotes and paraphrases

Combining Quotes and Paraphrases

__________

According to James D. Lester, author of Writing Research Papers, in research papers students often quote excessively because “students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes.” Thus,it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim (46).

Work Cited

Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (1976): 46-47. Print.

__________

__________

Often, it is effective to paraphrase part of a passage, but necessary to include some of the author’s original wording

Example:


When should i quote

When should I quote?

To make a particularly __________________

When a passage or point is particularly _______ __________

To include a particularly ___________________

Whenever your paraphrase just cannot capture the _______________


How should i quote

How should I quote?

  • All quotes must be introduced, discussed, and woven into the text

  • A good rule of thumb: Don't let your quotes exceed ________ of your text


Last words of advice

Last Words of Advice

Use quotes that best support your _________.

Use the _________________ of your quote to connect back to and give support to your thesis.

Remember a citation is a road map for your reader. You must give your reader (in this case your teacher) sound directions or the reader may get lost.


Work cited

Work Cited

The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue University, 26 Aug. 2005. Web. 25 Sept. 2008.


Quoting paraphrase practice

Quoting & Paraphrase Practice

Directions:

1. Read the Washington Post article “Paper or Plastic?” at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/graphic/2007/10/03/GR2007100301385.html

2. Choose a thesis statement to defend:

A. Consumers should use plastic bags instead of paper bags.

B. Consumers should use paper bags instead of plastic bags.

**Optional Challenge: Pick a side and create a thesis in using your own words.


Quoting in the body of your essay

3. Based on what you read in “Paper or Plastic?” choose 3 different reasons (3 different quotations) from the article to support your thesis.

**Optional: Create a details statement.

4. Introduce, incorporate, and interpret the 3 different examples from the article so they prove your thesis. Create 1 mini-paragraph for each reason of support. You should have 3 mini paragraphs (about 2-3 sentences each) when you are finished. You must combine paraphrasing with your quoting to improve the overall flow of ideas.

5. Cite your quotations and paraphrases!

**Optional Challenge: Create an entire mini-essay with introduction, 3 mini-paragraphs, and conclusion.

6. Submit thesis statement and mini-paragraphs as one document to turnitin.com under “Quoting Practice & Paraphrasing” assignment.


If the work cited info looks like this

If the Work Cited info looks like this:

“More Than Meets The Eye: Paper or Plastic.” Washington Post. Washington Post Company, 2008. Web. 8 Aug. 2009.

What will your in-text citation look like?

_________________________


Make sure to

Make sure to…

Submit your thesis statement and mini-paragraphs as one document on Turnitin.com under “Quoting Practice.”

It is always a good idea to have a paper copy to turn in to class on the due date.


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