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Farm Wildlife. Small & Upland Game. Terms Associated With Farm Wildlife. Consumptive recreation: recreation that involves hunting, fishing, trapping, or other activities that involve harvesting animals. Ethics: rules or standards that govern the conduct of a particular group.

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Farm Wildlife

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Farm wildlife l.jpg

Farm Wildlife

Small & Upland Game


Terms associated with farm wildlife l.jpg

Terms Associated With Farm Wildlife

  • Consumptive recreation: recreation that involves hunting, fishing, trapping, or other activities that involve harvesting animals.

  • Ethics: rules or standards that govern the conduct of a particular group.

  • Non-Game Animal: any animal not hunted

  • Poaching: illegal harvest of game animals


Farm small upland wildlife species l.jpg

Farm (small upland) Wildlife Species

  • Bobwhite Quail

  • Mourning Dove

  • Raccoon

  • Rabbit

  • Gray Squirrel


Bobwhite quail colinus virginianus l.jpg

Bobwhite Quail(Colinus virginianus)

  • Size: 10 inches; body plump, brownish and with much white below; throat and line over eye white in males, tail short and dark.

  • Habitat: pastures; brushy; overgrown areas

  • Habits: when flushed, explodes into flight then goes quickly down into cover; covey roosts in circles facing out


Bobwhite quail colinus virginianus cont l.jpg

Bobwhite Quail(Colinus virginianus) cont.

  • Food: feeds on a variety of seeds, berries, and insects.

  • Young: 10 – 12 per clutch; eggs are white; nest on the ground.

  • Economics Importance: one of the most popular game birds, valued for its table quality and its quick explosive flight which makes it a challenge for any hunter and bird dog.


Mourning dove zenaida macroura l.jpg

Mourning Dove(Zenaida macroura)

  • Size: 11-13 inches; wings long pointed; tail long, white edged, pointed; head brown; body gray with bluish cast on wings.

  • Habitat: open woodlands, fields with wooded borders , suburban roadsides.

  • Habits: feeds on the ground, often takes dust baths or picks gravel from the road side; flight is direct; nests in trees using twigs that are loosely woven.


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Mourning Dove(Zenaida macroura) cont.

  • Food: feeds on grain, seeds, and nuts; drinks like other birds without raising its head

  • Young: two eggs per clutch; eggs white; two or more broods per year

  • Economic Importance: no other game brings as many hunters together or causes as much ammunition to be shot as the mourning dove; the dark breast meat of the dove is excellent to eat


Rabbit sylvilagus floridanus l.jpg

Rabbit(Sylvilagus floridanus)

  • Size: head and body 14-17 inches; ear 2 ½ inches; weight 2-3 pounds; grayish brown, tail cotton white, rust nape, feet whitish

  • Habitat: swampy woods to upland thickets and farmlands

  • Habits: active at dawn and dusk; timid, restricts movement to a few acres; spends day in partially concealed form; burrow in ground or beneath brush piles.


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Rabbit(Sylvilagus floridanus) cont.

  • Food: feeds on green vegetation in summer, bark and twigs in winter

  • Young: 4-5 born from March to September; gestation period 28 to 30 days; 3 – 4 littesr per year; blind and helpless young born in fur lined nest on ground


Gray squirrel sciurus carolinensis l.jpg

Gray Squirrel(Sciurus carolinensis)

  • Size: head and body 8 -10 inches, weight ¾ to 1 ½ pounds; fur is grayish color with white below; tail very bushy colored like body with white tipped hairs

  • Habitat: usually found near heavily forested areas, also found in suburbia and city parks

  • Habits: most active in early morning and late afternoon; nest in holes in trees or builds leaf nest in branches


Gray squirrel sciurus carolinensis cont l.jpg

Gray Squirrel(Sciurus carolinensis) cont.

  • Food: feeds on a great variety of nuts, seeds, fungi, fruits; stores nuts and acorns in small holes in ground, many of which are not recovered and sprout new trees

  • Young: 3-5 per litter; gestation period is 44 days; two litters per year in July and January; young are naked and blind.


Fox squirrel sciurus niger l.jpg

Fox Squirrel(Sciurus niger)

  • Size: much larger than a gray squirrel; rust or reddish under parts with dark grayish upper parts.

  • Habitat: Mixed hardwood forest, favorite habitat is that of mature oaks and hickory trees

  • Habits: same as gray squirrel


Fox squirrel sciurus niger cont l.jpg

Fox Squirrel(Sciurus niger) cont.

  • Young: litter of 2-4 born late February – early March; Gestation is 44 days.


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