Sub saharan africa cultures and lifestyles
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Sub-Saharan Africa: Cultures and Lifestyles. Languages. At least 2,000 different languages are spoken in Africa today. These 2,000 languages have been split into 6 major groups: Congo – Kordofanian Spoken in central, eastern, and southern Africa (Swahili, Zulu, and Kongo ) Nilo – Saharan

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Sub-Saharan Africa: Cultures and Lifestyles

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Sub saharan africa cultures and lifestyles

Sub-Saharan Africa: Cultures and Lifestyles


Languages

Languages

  • At least 2,000 different languages are spoken in Africa today.

    • These 2,000 languages have been split into 6 major groups:

      • Congo – Kordofanian

        • Spoken in central, eastern, and southern Africa (Swahili, Zulu, and Kongo)

      • Nilo– Saharan

      • Afro – Asiatic

        • Spoken by Sudanic peoples of NW and NE corners of the region (Hausa, Fulani, Berber, and Arabic)

      • Khoisan

      • Malayo – Polynesian

        • Non-African language – Madagascar (Malagasy)

      • Afrikaans (an Indo-European language)

        • A mixture of English, French, German, and African language

    • English serves as a lingua franca

      • a common language throughout the region


Religions

Religions

  • Christianity and Islam are the most popular religions in the region

    • Christianity

      • First reached region in Ethiopia in 300 AD

      • Spread rapidly during the European Colonial Period in the 1800s

      • Most prevalent along the coasts where contact with foreigners is greater

    • Islam

      • Most prevalent in West Africa

      • Spread rapidly during 1400s and 1500s when Muslims ruled the Kingdoms of Mali and Songhai along the Niger River

      • Today Nigeria has the largest Islamic population in the region

    • Traditional Religions

      • Diverse, but with many common elements

      • Most believe in:

        • A supreme deity

        • Ranked order of lesser deities

        • Nature spirits

        • Ancestral worship


Education

Education

  • Growth in higher education

    • Since independence from Colonial Rule, the regions higher education has spiked

      • 1960 – 120,000 enrolled in universities

      • Late 1990s – 2 million enrolled

      • 2004 – 5.5% of the population was enrolled

      • 2011 - 7.6% of the population was enrolled

    • Literacy Rate

      • 60% (2011) – people 15 years and older

      • Generally lower rate in rural areas due to poor funding and under qualified teachers

    • Internet

      • The growth of the internet is helping to fill the gap in educational resources in the region.

      • Furthermore, many more people are able to attend college because of the internet.

      • However, providing African’s with consistent internet connection, and a means in which to access it is still a problem.

      • http://one.laptop.org/about/mission


The arts

The Arts

  • Textiles

  • Music and Dance

    • Largely used for religious purposes and celebrations

    • American blues and jazz has its roots in African music

  • Oral Tradition

    • The practice of passing down stories from generation to generation by word of mouth.


Religion and art creation story exercise

Religion and Art– Creation Story Exercise

  • Questions to Consider:

    • 1. Who created all things?

    • 2. What were the first thing(s) they created?

    • 3. How did man “fall” in the story?

    • 4. Is there a redemptive aspect to the story?

    • 5. How does the story compare to other creation stories you’ve learned about? To the creation story you believe in (if you believe in one)?


Varied lifestyles

Varied Lifestyles

  • Similarities

    • Value strong family ties

    • In rural areas people still live in extended families

      • Households made up of several generation

        • Families are also often organized into Clans

          • Large groups of people descended from an early common ancestor

    • In cities, the nuclear family is rapidly replacing extended families

      • Family made up of husband, wife, and children


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