sub saharan africa cultures and lifestyles
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Sub-Saharan Africa: Cultures and Lifestyles. Languages. At least 2,000 different languages are spoken in Africa today. These 2,000 languages have been split into 6 major groups: Congo – Kordofanian Spoken in central, eastern, and southern Africa (Swahili, Zulu, and Kongo ) Nilo – Saharan

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languages
Languages
  • At least 2,000 different languages are spoken in Africa today.
    • These 2,000 languages have been split into 6 major groups:
      • Congo – Kordofanian
        • Spoken in central, eastern, and southern Africa (Swahili, Zulu, and Kongo)
      • Nilo– Saharan
      • Afro – Asiatic
        • Spoken by Sudanic peoples of NW and NE corners of the region (Hausa, Fulani, Berber, and Arabic)
      • Khoisan
      • Malayo – Polynesian
        • Non-African language – Madagascar (Malagasy)
      • Afrikaans (an Indo-European language)
        • A mixture of English, French, German, and African language
    • English serves as a lingua franca
      • a common language throughout the region
religions
Religions
  • Christianity and Islam are the most popular religions in the region
    • Christianity
      • First reached region in Ethiopia in 300 AD
      • Spread rapidly during the European Colonial Period in the 1800s
      • Most prevalent along the coasts where contact with foreigners is greater
    • Islam
      • Most prevalent in West Africa
      • Spread rapidly during 1400s and 1500s when Muslims ruled the Kingdoms of Mali and Songhai along the Niger River
      • Today Nigeria has the largest Islamic population in the region
    • Traditional Religions
      • Diverse, but with many common elements
      • Most believe in:
        • A supreme deity
        • Ranked order of lesser deities
        • Nature spirits
        • Ancestral worship
education
Education
  • Growth in higher education
    • Since independence from Colonial Rule, the regions higher education has spiked
      • 1960 – 120,000 enrolled in universities
      • Late 1990s – 2 million enrolled
      • 2004 – 5.5% of the population was enrolled
      • 2011 - 7.6% of the population was enrolled
    • Literacy Rate
      • 60% (2011) – people 15 years and older
      • Generally lower rate in rural areas due to poor funding and under qualified teachers
    • Internet
      • The growth of the internet is helping to fill the gap in educational resources in the region.
      • Furthermore, many more people are able to attend college because of the internet.
      • However, providing African’s with consistent internet connection, and a means in which to access it is still a problem.
      • http://one.laptop.org/about/mission
the arts
The Arts
  • Textiles
  • Music and Dance
    • Largely used for religious purposes and celebrations
    • American blues and jazz has its roots in African music
  • Oral Tradition
    • The practice of passing down stories from generation to generation by word of mouth.
religion and art creation story exercise
Religion and Art– Creation Story Exercise
  • Questions to Consider:
    • 1. Who created all things?
    • 2. What were the first thing(s) they created?
    • 3. How did man “fall” in the story?
    • 4. Is there a redemptive aspect to the story?
    • 5. How does the story compare to other creation stories you’ve learned about? To the creation story you believe in (if you believe in one)?
varied lifestyles
Varied Lifestyles
  • Similarities
    • Value strong family ties
    • In rural areas people still live in extended families
      • Households made up of several generation
        • Families are also often organized into Clans
          • Large groups of people descended from an early common ancestor
    • In cities, the nuclear family is rapidly replacing extended families
      • Family made up of husband, wife, and children
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