Maritime Administration of Latvia
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Maritime Administration of Latvia Latvian Hydrographic Service Mr.Jānis Krastiņš MACHC Seminar Acapulco 2006. Content . Latvia –country at the Baltic Sea Re-establishment of LHS Changes in Maritime policies Maritime Administration of Latvia Latvian Hydrographic Service

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Maritime Administration of Latvia

Latvian Hydrographic Service

Mr.Jānis Krastiņš

MACHC Seminar

Acapulco

2006


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Content

  • Latvia –country at the Baltic Sea

  • Re-establishment of LHS

  • Changes in Maritime policies

  • Maritime Administration of Latvia

  • Latvian Hydrographic Service

  • Divisions of HS – duties and products

  • International cooperation

  • Strengths of present structure

  • Weaknesses of present Status



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Latvia –country at the Baltic Sea

  • Territory of the country - 64 589 km2

  • Population - 2 306 600 (2005)

  • Coastline – aproxim. 500 km

  • Number of ports:

    • 3 major ports

    • 7 small ports

  • Cargo turnover in 2005 – 60 000 000 tons


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Re-establishment of Latvian hydrographic Service

  • Re-established in 1992 – Act of the Minister of Maritime Affairs of the Republic of Latvia

    • To establish Latvian HS by taking over responsibilities from Military HO of Russian Federation

    • To appoint the Hydrographer

    • To approve Statutes of LHS

    • To approve Staff-roll

    • Financial provision


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LHS in 1992

  • Number of employees – 300

  • Departments

    • Main office

    • Three regional offices

  • Number of Aids to Navigation – 177

  • Heritage from Soviet Navy

    • Charts, survey plans

    • Aids to Navigation

  • First Hydrographic Surveys in 1993

  • Finances from the State Budget

  • Changes of Maritime policy in 1994


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Changes in Maritime policies

  • 1994 Maritime Administration of Latvia created

  • Several separate organisations joined

    • Hydrographic Service

    • Ships Register

    • Seamen Register

    • Maritime Safety Department

    • Administrative Department

  • Ministry of Maritime Affairs incorporated into the Ministry of Transport


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Changes in Maritime policies

  • Legal issues - Maritime Code covering responsibilities of Maritime Administration of Latvia

  • Finances – Lighthouses’ Dues, Canal and pilot Dues


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Maritime Administration of Latvia

  • Reorganisation of Maritime Administration of Latvia (MAL) in 2000

  • Status of MAL – State owned Stock Company

  • Legal issues:

    • Law on Maritime Administration and Safety

    • Maritime Code

    • Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers

    • Regulations of the Ministry of the Transport



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Maritime Administration of Latvia

  • Present financial model

    • Navigational due paid by each vessel calling Latvian ports aprox.60% of the annual budget

    • Products and Services provided by MAL

      aprox.40%of annual budget

    • Annual budget aprox.3.0 milj. EUR

  • Finances from the State Budgetfor the projects of State’s responsibility – GMDSS, AIS etc.


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Latvian Hydrographic Service

  • Main responsibilities according to the Law on Maritime Safety and Administration:

    • Hydrographic surveying in accordance with standards and recommendations of IHO, including control of hydrographic surveying in the country

    • Preparation, publication and distribution of navigational publications, corrections and keeping up-to-date

    • Aids to Navigation – control on compliance with the IALA-AISM recommendations, acceptance of new projects

    • MSI, publication of Navigational warnings, Notices to Mariners and acting as an National Coordinator


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Latvian Hydrographic Service

Some other main issues covered by the Law on Maritime Safety and Administration:

  • Only official hydrographic surveys are those performed by the LHS

  • Navigational publications – The Pilot, the List of the lights, The Chart Catalogue, Charts, Notices to Mariners, Symbols and Abbreviations – assigned as “OFFICIAL” publications

  • The use of Official ENC without carriage of paper charts (fulfilling certain conditions)

  • Reporting on any damaged or improper Aids to Navigation in use and any other MSI


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Present structure of LHS

Head of Hydrographic Service

Hydrographic Surveying Division

Cartography

Aids to Navigation

8 persons

6 persons

3 persons

Survey vessel “Kristiāns Dāls”

4 persons

24 employees + 3 vacancies


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Finances of LHS

  • Annual budget aprox. 430 000 EUR

  • Budget maydiffer from year to year depending on investments into development, projects and plans

  • Income from Products and Services ~ 12 %

    • 1/3 hydrographic surveys

    • 2/3 revenues from sales of Cartographic data


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Personnel of LHS

  • First employees from HO of Soviet Union

  • Personnel attracted from land surveying and mapping and from maritime business

  • Cooperation with Latvian Maritime Academy – two groups

  • Courses in IMA Trieste, Italy

  • In-house training of personnel

  • Several seminars and training coursesat regional and European level

  • International cooperation in technical working groups


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Hydrographic Surveying Division

  • Hydrographic surveys:

    • Single beam echo sounders

    • Multibeam echo sounder

    • Side scan sonar

    • Magnetometric

    • Changes of coastline

  • Survey crafts:

    • Hydrographic vessel “Kristiāns dāls”

    • Survey launch

    • Small survey catamarans



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    Cartography

    • Both paper and electronic navigational charts in accordance with IHO standards

    • First chart (Port of Liepaja 3502) -1995

    • Full ENC coverage of Latvian waters (including EEZ) since 2003

    • Fully introduced chart production scheme ENC - Paper Charts




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    Cartography

    • Other publications:

      • Pilot of Baltic Sea Latvian Coast (Sailing directions)

      • List of Aids to Navigation (List of Lights)

      • Chart Catalogue

      • Notices to Mariners (Monthly)

      • Set of Latvian Charts for Yachts

      • Symbols and Abbreviations on Latvian Navigational Charts

      • any other publication,special chart or plan on demand


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    Cartography

    • Distribution:

      • Local distributors – paper charts only

      • Ordering via INTERNET

      • International distributors:

        • Paper charts – Bilateral agreement with UK, Germany

        • Electronic Navigational Charts:

          • PRIMAR Stavanger

          • TRANSAS

          • C-Map

          • Garmin


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    Aids to Navigation (AtoN)

    • Main task – to control of maintenance and operation of Aids to Navigation in Latvian waters

    • National Monitoring system

    • All AtoNs in accordance with standards of IALA-AISM

    • LHS member of IALA-AISM

    • Currently 270 Aids to Navigation




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    MSI on web and wap

    • On INTERNET: http://www.navtex.lv

    • Mobile phone (wap): http://www.navtex.lv/wap/navtex.php


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    International cooperation

    • IHO - International Hydrographic Organisation:

      • LHS – National contact point

      • Active participation in regional commision (currently chairing BSHC)

      • HELCOM dangerous cargoe and passenger shipping routes resurvey in Baltic Sea

  • IALA–AISM – national member (Aids to Navigation management Committee)

  • PRIMAR Stavanger - member, participation in Advisory Committy


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    Strengths of present structure

    • Flexibility

      • Not dependant on State’s budget

      • Not affected by political changes

    • Very easy cooperation among Departments of MAL

    • Effective and fast cooperation among Divisions of LHS

    • Decision taking process – no need to approach ministerial level

    • Possibilities to compete with the salaries in the labour market of the maritime industry

    • Less bureaucracy


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    Shortcomings of present status

    • Influence of the main ports - Council (Law on Ports)

    • Difficult to increase navigational due

    • Legal Status does not allow to issue legal acts and regulations

    • Current Status does not allow to act as Public Agency in some cases

    • Political awareness not always at sufficient level


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    Thank you! ??? QUESTIONS


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