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70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional Chapter 7: Windows XP Network Protocols. Objectives. Understand networking in Windows XP Understand Windows XP networking protocols Configure and use TCP/IP protocols and services Access NetWare servers and services from Windows XP

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70 270 mcse guide to microsoft windows xp professional chapter 7 windows xp network protocols

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP ProfessionalChapter 7: Windows XP Network Protocols

objectives
Objectives
  • Understand networking in Windows XP
  • Understand Windows XP networking protocols
  • Configure and use TCP/IP protocols and services
  • Access NetWare servers and services from Windows XP
  • Understand Windows XP Remote tools

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

windows xp network overview
Windows XP Network Overview
  • Most versatile Windows operating system
  • Supports local area network (LAN) connections
  • Supports emerging wireless technologies
  • Improved on the remote access support found in previous versions
  • Can function as:
    • Client
    • Server (limited)
    • Both

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

windows xp network overview continued
Windows XP Network Overview (continued)
  • Can function as:
    • Client
    • Server (limited)
    • Both
  • Networking components can be added and removed

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

network protocols supported by windows xp
Network Protocols Supported by Windows XP
  • Major protocols:
    • TCP/IP
    • NWLink

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tcp ip
TCP/IP
  • All-embracing suite of protocols
  • Covers a wide range of capabilities
  • Been around for a long time
  • Most common networking protocol
  • Used by the Internet

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tcp ip advantages
TCP/IP Advantages
  • Supports networking services better than the other Windows XP protocols
  • Multiple routing protocols
  • Good error detection and handling
  • Works with most kinds of computers

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tcp ip disadvantages
TCP/IP Disadvantages
  • Not fast
  • Not easy to use
  • Requires
    • Fair degree of expertise
    • Careful planning
    • Constant maintenance and attention
  • Mass of information and detail work

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

nwlink ipx spx
NWLink (IPX/SPX)
  • Microsoft implementation of Novell’s Internetwork Packet Exchange/Sequenced Packet Exchange (IPX/SPX)protocol stack
  • Works with the Network Device Interface Specification (NDIS)driver technology

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

netbeui and dlc
NetBEUI and DLC
  • NetBIOS Extended User Interface (NetBEUI)
  • Data Link Control (DLC)
  • Greatly deemphasized in XP

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

networking under windows xp
Networking Under Windows XP
  • Controlled by a single multifaceted interface that combines networking access for:
    • LAN
    • Internet
    • Modem

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

wireless networking
Wireless Networking
  • Supports IEEE 802.11 wireless standards
  • Also known as Wi-Fi networks
  • Base station
    • Supports one or more clients
  • NIC
    • Client must have wireless NIC

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

the windows xp network bridge
The Windows XP Network Bridge
  • Layer 2 bridge between two or more network interfaces
  • Connects network segments
  • No need to purchase separate bridge or router
  • Only single bridge per system supported
  • Only similar interfaces can be bridged

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

network setup wizard
Network Setup Wizard
  • Used to configure nondomain networks
  • Used for small offices and home networks
  • Step-by-step, walk-through tool
  • Can be opened from the network tasks list
  • Wizard on the system to be the ICS host first

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

managing bindings
Managing Bindings
  • Binding
    • Order in which Windows XP networking components are linked
  • Affect how the systems behave
  • Affects system performance
  • Default behavior:
    • Binds any two components that share a common boundary layer
    • Known as complete binding

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

advanced settings dialog box adapters and bindings tab
Advanced Settings dialog box, Adapters and Bindings tab

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tcp ip architecture
TCP/IP Architecture
  • Suite of protocols
  • Internet Protocol
    • Provides source and destination addressing and routing
    • Addresses
      • 4 bytes (32 bits) long
      • Each octet between 0 and 255
    • Connectionless datagram protocol
    • Fast but unreliable

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

ip addresses
IP Addresses
  • Designates network and host
  • Divided into Classes
  • Subnet mask:
    • Used to block network part of address

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tcp ip protocols
TCP/IP Protocols
  • Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)
  • Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
  • Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
    • Primary Internet transport protocol
    • Connection oriented
    • Port number
      • Identifies process

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tcp ip protocols continued
TCP/IP Protocols (continued)
  • User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
  • Telnet
  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)
  • Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tcp ip utilities and services
TCP/IP Utilities and Services
  • Berkeley R Utilities
  • route command
  • tracert (or trace route) command
  • Packet Internet Groper (PING)
  • Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
  • Domain Name System (DNS)
  • Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tcp ip utilities and services continued
TCP/IP Utilities and Services (continued)
  • IPCONFIG
  • NETSTAT
  • NBTSTAT

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tcp ip configuration
TCP/IP Configuration
  • Performed through the Network Connections tool
  • Default settings:
    • Seek out DHCP server to provide all configuration settings
  • Alternate configuration tab
    • Used when DHCP is not available

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

ipv6 looking to the future
IPv6: Looking To The Future
  • Aims to correct the address shortage:
    • 128-bit addresses
  • Improve other aspects of TCP/IP, including:
    • Security
    • Efficiency
  • Preliminary support in XP

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

windows xp remote tools
Windows XP Remote Tools
  • Remote Assistance
    • Allows a distant user to view your desktop
    • Have control over the mouse and keyboard activities
  • Remote Desktop
    • Enables you to access your client’s logon environment from a remote system

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

remote assistance
Remote Assistance
  • Designed to simplify the task of training users
  • Requires invitation
    • Invitation expires
  • Both machines must be XP
  • Windows Messenger or MAPI-compliant e-mail utility required
  • Uses Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

remote desktop
Remote Desktop
  • Similar to a single client version of Terminal Services
  • Workers access work machine from home
  • Enabled through a component of IIS

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

windows xp and netware networks
Windows XP and Netware Networks
  • NetWare
    • Developed by Novell
    • Popular file and print-sharing network
  • Microsoft includes interconnectivity enhancements:
    • NWLink
    • Client Service for NetWare
    • File and Print Services for NetWare
    • Gateway Services for NetWare

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

netware data storage
NetWare Data Storage
  • Bindery
    • Introduced in version 1
    • Proprietary database
  • Novell Directory Service (NDS)
    • Introduced in version 4
    • Hierarchical database
    • Comparable to Active Directory

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

netware compatibility components
Netware Compatibility Components
  • NWLink
    • Microsoft’s implementation of IPX/SPX protocol suite
    • Can communicate with all NetWare implementations
  • Client Service for NetWare

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

nwlink
NWLink
  • IPX (Internetwork Packet Exchange)
    • Connectionless protocol
    • Provides quick network transport for most communications
  • SPX (Sequenced Packet Exchange)
    • Connection-oriented protocol
    • Provides guaranteed packet delivery

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

client service for netware
Client Service for NetWare
  • Allows Windows XP computer to access resources on NetWare servers version:
    • 2.x
    • 3.x
    • 4.x
  • Implements NetWare Core Protocol (NCP)requests for file and print services

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

bindery and nds support
Bindery and NDS Support
  • CSNW includes support for both bindery and NDS servers
  • Access the bindery for logon authentication
  • NDS tree
    • Hierarchical NDS implementation resembles a tree

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

installing and configuring client service for netware
Installing and Configuring Client Service for NetWare
  • Installation in:
    • Local Area Connection Properties dialog box
  • Client component
  • Assign default NetWare tree and context
    • Cannot browse for tree and context data
  • Not configured through Local Area Connection Properties dialog box

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

connecting to netware resources
Connecting To Netware Resources
  • Accomplished through My Network Places
  • Presented with icons for each type of client installed

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

choosing appropriate netware client software
Choosing Appropriate NetWare Client Software
  • NetWare Servers > Windows Servers
    • Novell 32-bit client for Windows.
  • Windows Servers > NetWare Servers
    • Microsoft client for NetWare networks.
  • NetWare Servers = Windows Servers
    • Microsoft client for NetWare networks
  • Access to files and printing only
    • Gateway Services for NetWare on Windows servers

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

interprocess communication
Interprocess Communication
  • Exchange of information between processes
  • General-purpose mechanism
  • Defines a way for client computers to request services from some servers
  • Permits servers to reply to requests for services
  • Two categories:
    • Programming interfaces
    • File system mechanisms

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

ipc file system mechanisms
IPC File System Mechanisms
  • Named pipes
    • Connection-oriented message-passing
    • Message’s receiver must acknowledge each message it receives
  • Mail slots
    • Connectionless version of named pipes
    • No delivery guarantees

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

ipc programming interfaces
IPC Programming Interfaces
  • NetBIOS
  • Windows Sockets (Winsock)
  • Remote Procedure Call (RPC)
  • Network Dynamic Data Exchange (NetDDE)
  • Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM)
  • Windows Network (Wnet)
  • Win32 Internet API (WinInet)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

redirectors
Redirectors
  • Examines all requests for system resources
  • Decides whether such requests are local or remote
  • Workstation service
  • Server service
  • Multiple Universal naming convention Provider (MUP)
  • Multi-Provider Router (MPR)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

workstation service
Workstation Service
  • Supports client access to network resources
  • Handles functions such as:
    • Logging in
    • Connecting to network shares (directories and printers)
    • Creating links using Windows XP IPC options
  • Elements:
    • User mode interface
    • Redirector

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

server service
Server Service
  • Handles the creation and management of shared resources
  • Performs security checks against requests for such resources
  • Elements:
    • Server.exe
    • Srv.sys

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

multiple universal naming convention provider
Multiple Universal Naming Convention Provider
  • Defines link between applications that make UNC requests for different redirectors
  • Allows applications to remain oblivious to number or type of redirectors that might be in use
  • Chooses redirectors on basis of highest registered response time

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

universal naming convention names
Universal Naming Convention Names
  • Represent the format used in NetBIOS-oriented name resolution systems
  • Example:

\\computername\sharename\dir-path\filename.ext

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

multi provider router
Multi-Provider Router
  • Lets applications written to older Microsoft specifications behave as if they were written to conform to UNC naming
  • Handles all Win32 Network API calls

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

summary
Summary
  • TCP/IP provides primary network access
  • Windows XP supports and employs numerous subprotocols and utilities associated with TCP/IP
  • New networking features and utilities:
    • Network bridging
    • Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop
    • Greater support for wireless networking
    • Support for upcoming IPv6 protocol

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

summary continued
Summary (continued)
  • NetWare support:
    • NWLink protocol
    • Client Service for NetWare (CSNW)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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