70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional Chapter 7: Windows XP Network Protocols - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

70 270 mcse guide to microsoft windows xp professional chapter 7 windows xp network protocols l.jpg
Download
1 / 47

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional Chapter 7: Windows XP Network Protocols. Objectives. Understand networking in Windows XP Understand Windows XP networking protocols Configure and use TCP/IP protocols and services Access NetWare servers and services from Windows XP

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional Chapter 7: Windows XP Network Protocols

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


70 270 mcse guide to microsoft windows xp professional chapter 7 windows xp network protocols l.jpg

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP ProfessionalChapter 7: Windows XP Network Protocols


Objectives l.jpg

Objectives

  • Understand networking in Windows XP

  • Understand Windows XP networking protocols

  • Configure and use TCP/IP protocols and services

  • Access NetWare servers and services from Windows XP

  • Understand Windows XP Remote tools

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Windows xp network overview l.jpg

Windows XP Network Overview

  • Most versatile Windows operating system

  • Supports local area network (LAN) connections

  • Supports emerging wireless technologies

  • Improved on the remote access support found in previous versions

  • Can function as:

    • Client

    • Server (limited)

    • Both

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Windows xp network overview continued l.jpg

Windows XP Network Overview (continued)

  • Can function as:

    • Client

    • Server (limited)

    • Both

  • Networking components can be added and removed

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Network protocols supported by windows xp l.jpg

Network Protocols Supported by Windows XP

  • Major protocols:

    • TCP/IP

    • NWLink

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tcp ip l.jpg

TCP/IP

  • All-embracing suite of protocols

  • Covers a wide range of capabilities

  • Been around for a long time

  • Most common networking protocol

  • Used by the Internet

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tcp ip advantages l.jpg

TCP/IP Advantages

  • Supports networking services better than the other Windows XP protocols

  • Multiple routing protocols

  • Good error detection and handling

  • Works with most kinds of computers

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tcp ip disadvantages l.jpg

TCP/IP Disadvantages

  • Not fast

  • Not easy to use

  • Requires

    • Fair degree of expertise

    • Careful planning

    • Constant maintenance and attention

  • Mass of information and detail work

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Nwlink ipx spx l.jpg

NWLink (IPX/SPX)

  • Microsoft implementation of Novell’s Internetwork Packet Exchange/Sequenced Packet Exchange (IPX/SPX)protocol stack

  • Works with the Network Device Interface Specification (NDIS)driver technology

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Netbeui and dlc l.jpg

NetBEUI and DLC

  • NetBIOS Extended User Interface (NetBEUI)

  • Data Link Control (DLC)

  • Greatly deemphasized in XP

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Networking under windows xp l.jpg

Networking Under Windows XP

  • Controlled by a single multifaceted interface that combines networking access for:

    • LAN

    • Internet

    • Modem

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Wireless networking l.jpg

Wireless Networking

  • Supports IEEE 802.11 wireless standards

  • Also known as Wi-Fi networks

  • Base station

    • Supports one or more clients

  • NIC

    • Client must have wireless NIC

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


The windows xp network bridge l.jpg

The Windows XP Network Bridge

  • Layer 2 bridge between two or more network interfaces

  • Connects network segments

  • No need to purchase separate bridge or router

  • Only single bridge per system supported

  • Only similar interfaces can be bridged

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Network setup wizard l.jpg

Network Setup Wizard

  • Used to configure nondomain networks

  • Used for small offices and home networks

  • Step-by-step, walk-through tool

  • Can be opened from the network tasks list

  • Wizard on the system to be the ICS host first

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Managing bindings l.jpg

Managing Bindings

  • Binding

    • Order in which Windows XP networking components are linked

  • Affect how the systems behave

  • Affects system performance

  • Default behavior:

    • Binds any two components that share a common boundary layer

    • Known as complete binding

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Advanced settings dialog box adapters and bindings tab l.jpg

Advanced Settings dialog box, Adapters and Bindings tab

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tcp ip architecture l.jpg

TCP/IP Architecture

  • Suite of protocols

  • Internet Protocol

    • Provides source and destination addressing and routing

    • Addresses

      • 4 bytes (32 bits) long

      • Each octet between 0 and 255

    • Connectionless datagram protocol

    • Fast but unreliable

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Ip addresses l.jpg

IP Addresses

  • Designates network and host

  • Divided into Classes

  • Subnet mask:

    • Used to block network part of address

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tcp ip protocols l.jpg

TCP/IP Protocols

  • Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)

  • Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)

  • Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)

    • Primary Internet transport protocol

    • Connection oriented

    • Port number

      • Identifies process

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tcp ip protocols continued l.jpg

TCP/IP Protocols (continued)

  • User Datagram Protocol (UDP)

  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

  • Telnet

  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)

  • Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tcp ip utilities and services l.jpg

TCP/IP Utilities and Services

  • Berkeley R Utilities

  • route command

  • tracert (or trace route) command

  • Packet Internet Groper (PING)

  • Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)

  • Domain Name System (DNS)

  • Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tcp ip utilities and services continued l.jpg

TCP/IP Utilities and Services (continued)

  • IPCONFIG

  • NETSTAT

  • NBTSTAT

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tcp ip configuration l.jpg

TCP/IP Configuration

  • Performed through the Network Connections tool

  • Default settings:

    • Seek out DHCP server to provide all configuration settings

  • Alternate configuration tab

    • Used when DHCP is not available

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Ipv6 looking to the future l.jpg

IPv6: Looking To The Future

  • Aims to correct the address shortage:

    • 128-bit addresses

  • Improve other aspects of TCP/IP, including:

    • Security

    • Efficiency

  • Preliminary support in XP

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Windows xp remote tools l.jpg

Windows XP Remote Tools

  • Remote Assistance

    • Allows a distant user to view your desktop

    • Have control over the mouse and keyboard activities

  • Remote Desktop

    • Enables you to access your client’s logon environment from a remote system

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Remote assistance l.jpg

Remote Assistance

  • Designed to simplify the task of training users

  • Requires invitation

    • Invitation expires

  • Both machines must be XP

  • Windows Messenger or MAPI-compliant e-mail utility required

  • Uses Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Remote desktop l.jpg

Remote Desktop

  • Similar to a single client version of Terminal Services

  • Workers access work machine from home

  • Enabled through a component of IIS

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Windows xp and netware networks l.jpg

Windows XP and Netware Networks

  • NetWare

    • Developed by Novell

    • Popular file and print-sharing network

  • Microsoft includes interconnectivity enhancements:

    • NWLink

    • Client Service for NetWare

    • File and Print Services for NetWare

    • Gateway Services for NetWare

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Netware data storage l.jpg

NetWare Data Storage

  • Bindery

    • Introduced in version 1

    • Proprietary database

  • Novell Directory Service (NDS)

    • Introduced in version 4

    • Hierarchical database

    • Comparable to Active Directory

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Netware compatibility components l.jpg

Netware Compatibility Components

  • NWLink

    • Microsoft’s implementation of IPX/SPX protocol suite

    • Can communicate with all NetWare implementations

  • Client Service for NetWare

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Nwlink l.jpg

NWLink

  • IPX (Internetwork Packet Exchange)

    • Connectionless protocol

    • Provides quick network transport for most communications

  • SPX (Sequenced Packet Exchange)

    • Connection-oriented protocol

    • Provides guaranteed packet delivery

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Client service for netware l.jpg

Client Service for NetWare

  • Allows Windows XP computer to access resources on NetWare servers version:

    • 2.x

    • 3.x

    • 4.x

  • Implements NetWare Core Protocol (NCP)requests for file and print services

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Bindery and nds support l.jpg

Bindery and NDS Support

  • CSNW includes support for both bindery and NDS servers

  • Access the bindery for logon authentication

  • NDS tree

    • Hierarchical NDS implementation resembles a tree

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Installing and configuring client service for netware l.jpg

Installing and Configuring Client Service for NetWare

  • Installation in:

    • Local Area Connection Properties dialog box

  • Client component

  • Assign default NetWare tree and context

    • Cannot browse for tree and context data

  • Not configured through Local Area Connection Properties dialog box

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Connecting to netware resources l.jpg

Connecting To Netware Resources

  • Accomplished through My Network Places

  • Presented with icons for each type of client installed

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Choosing appropriate netware client software l.jpg

Choosing Appropriate NetWare Client Software

  • NetWare Servers > Windows Servers

    • Novell 32-bit client for Windows.

  • Windows Servers > NetWare Servers

    • Microsoft client for NetWare networks.

  • NetWare Servers = Windows Servers

    • Microsoft client for NetWare networks

  • Access to files and printing only

    • Gateway Services for NetWare on Windows servers

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Interprocess communication l.jpg

Interprocess Communication

  • Exchange of information between processes

  • General-purpose mechanism

  • Defines a way for client computers to request services from some servers

  • Permits servers to reply to requests for services

  • Two categories:

    • Programming interfaces

    • File system mechanisms

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Ipc file system mechanisms l.jpg

IPC File System Mechanisms

  • Named pipes

    • Connection-oriented message-passing

    • Message’s receiver must acknowledge each message it receives

  • Mail slots

    • Connectionless version of named pipes

    • No delivery guarantees

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Ipc programming interfaces l.jpg

IPC Programming Interfaces

  • NetBIOS

  • Windows Sockets (Winsock)

  • Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

  • Network Dynamic Data Exchange (NetDDE)

  • Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM)

  • Windows Network (Wnet)

  • Win32 Internet API (WinInet)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Redirectors l.jpg

Redirectors

  • Examines all requests for system resources

  • Decides whether such requests are local or remote

  • Workstation service

  • Server service

  • Multiple Universal naming convention Provider (MUP)

  • Multi-Provider Router (MPR)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Workstation service l.jpg

Workstation Service

  • Supports client access to network resources

  • Handles functions such as:

    • Logging in

    • Connecting to network shares (directories and printers)

    • Creating links using Windows XP IPC options

  • Elements:

    • User mode interface

    • Redirector

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Server service l.jpg

Server Service

  • Handles the creation and management of shared resources

  • Performs security checks against requests for such resources

  • Elements:

    • Server.exe

    • Srv.sys

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Multiple universal naming convention provider l.jpg

Multiple Universal Naming Convention Provider

  • Defines link between applications that make UNC requests for different redirectors

  • Allows applications to remain oblivious to number or type of redirectors that might be in use

  • Chooses redirectors on basis of highest registered response time

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Universal naming convention names l.jpg

Universal Naming Convention Names

  • Represent the format used in NetBIOS-oriented name resolution systems

  • Example:

    \\computername\sharename\dir-path\filename.ext

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Multi provider router l.jpg

Multi-Provider Router

  • Lets applications written to older Microsoft specifications behave as if they were written to conform to UNC naming

  • Handles all Win32 Network API calls

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Summary l.jpg

Summary

  • TCP/IP provides primary network access

  • Windows XP supports and employs numerous subprotocols and utilities associated with TCP/IP

  • New networking features and utilities:

    • Network bridging

    • Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop

    • Greater support for wireless networking

    • Support for upcoming IPv6 protocol

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Summary continued l.jpg

Summary (continued)

  • NetWare support:

    • NWLink protocol

    • Client Service for NetWare (CSNW)

70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional


  • Login