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Tutorial 10. Microsoft Windows XP. Managing Windows XP. Computer Backups. A backup program copies and then automatically compresses files and folders from a hard disk into a single file, called a backup file The backup program stores this file on a backup medium

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Microsoft windows xp

Tutorial 10

Microsoft Windows XP

Managing Windows XP


Computer backups
Computer Backups

  • A backup program copies and then automatically compresses files and folders from a hard disk into a single file, called a backup file

  • The backup program stores this file on a backup medium

  • The Backup program creates a backup job, which lists the files you want to back up and tells your computer how, when, and where to perform the backup

  • Information about the backup, including a list of the files and folders that have been saved, is stored in a file called a catalog



Placing files on hard disk to back up
Placing Files on Hard Disk to Back Up

  • A practical solution for backing up your files is to purchase a drive such as a Zip, CD/DVD rewritable drive, or tape drive– instead of using a 3 ½ disk.


Backup strategies
Backup Strategies

  • A full backup is a compressed copy of all the files on your computer

  • Partial backups back up only the files that have changed since the last time you backed up your data

    • In a differential backup, searches for and backs up only those files that have changed since the last full backup

    • In an incremental backup, searches for and backs up only those files that have changed since the last backup



Backing up files
Backing UP Files

  • You can back up the contents of specific folders, or files- instead of doing a full backup.

  • You need to select the files or folders you want to back up.

  • You can also set up advanced backup options


Restoring files
Restoring Files

  • You must restore backed up files if you want to use them from the backup file.

  • When restoring files, Windows XP extracts the files from the backup job and copies them to a specified location.



Monitoring system performance
Monitoring System Performance

  • The Windows XP Performance Monitor displays the amount of system resources that your computer is using at any time



Graphing system performance
Graphing System Performance

  • Windows XP monitors the components in your computer to obtain performance data.

    • Monitors processor

    • Monitors memory

    • Monitors physical hard disk

  • Each system item tracked provides counters that represent data you are graphing.


Graphing system performance1
Graphing System Performance

Selecting an item to track



Logging system performance
Logging System Performance

  • A baseline chart is a chart of the computer’s performance when it’s running at a normal level.

  • To create a baseline chart, you must first create a log file.

Specifying data to save in a log file


Creating a performance alert
Creating a Performance Alert

  • In the left pane of the Performance window, click the Alerts icon

  • Click Action on the menu bar, and then click New Alert Settings

  • Type Processor Alert in the New Alert Settings dialog box, and then click the OK button

  • Type Alert when processor usage exceeds 75% in the Comment text box

  • Click the Add button to select the object and counters you want to track


Creating a performance alert1
Creating a Performance Alert

  • In the Add Counters dialog box, verify that Processor is selected in the Performance object list box and that % Processor Time is selected in the list of counters

  • Click the Add button and then click the Close button

  • In the Processor Alert dialog box, click the Alert when the value is list arrow, and then click Over, if necessary

  • Type 75 in the Limit text box



Tracking events on your system
Tracking Events on Your System

  • Windows XP constantly tracks events as you work on your computer.

  • When an event occurs, Windows records it in an event log.


Viewing the event log
Viewing the Event Log

  • Open the Control Panel in Classic View, and then double-click the Administrative Tools icon

  • In the Administrative Tools window, double-click the Event Viewer shortcut

  • Double-click the icon for the type of event log you want to view

    • Application

    • System

    • Security


Viewing the service list
Viewing the Service List

  • An event log is a service- a small program controlled by Windows XP, designed to manage one or more tasks to support other programs.


Viewing the service list1
Viewing the Service List

  • Open the Control Panel in Classic View, and then double-click the Administrative Tools icon

  • Double-click the Services shortcut in the Administrative Tools window


Understanding users user groups and accounts on your computer
Understanding Users, User Groups, and Accounts on Your Computer

  • User group- a group of users who share the same rights and privileges on a computer or network.

  • Global or domain group- a user group that is part of a network and is managed by a network administrator.

  • Local group- a user group created for a specific computer.

  • Account- a collection of information about the user, including information that defines the user to Windows XP (password, username, etc.)


Adding a new user
Adding a New User Computer

  • Log on to the computer as an administrator

  • Open the Control Panel in Classic View, and then double-click the User Accounts icon

  • In the User Accounts window, click the Create a new account link

  • Enter a name for the new user in the Type a name for the new account text box

  • Click the Next button and then specify a user group for the new user

  • Click the Create Account button



Using the computer management window
Using the Computer Management Window Computer

  • The tools used to administer your system and manage the computer’s hardware and software are collected in the Computer Management window.


Opening the computer management window
Opening the Computer Management Window Computer

  • Many of the tools you can use to administer your system and manage the computer’s hardware and software are collected in the Computer Management window

  • Open the Control Panel in Classic View

  • Double-click the Administrative Tools icon

  • Double-click the Computer Management icon



Creating a user group
Creating a User Group Computer

  • Log on to the computer as an administrator

  • Open the Control Panel in Classic View, and then double-click the Administrative Tools icon

  • Double-click the Computer Management icon

  • In the Computer Management window, click the Groups folder, click Action on the menu bar, and then click New Group

  • In the New Group dialog box, enter the group name and description

  • Click the Add button and then add users to the group

  • Click the OK button



Managing local security policies
Managing Local Security Policies Computer

  • Windows XP considers the rights and permissions of user groups to be security policies.

  • Use the Local Security Policy tool to customize the rights and permissions of user groups.


Viewing security policies
Viewing Security Policies Computer

  • Windows XP considers the rights and permissions of user groups to be security policies

  • Open the Control Panel and then open the Administrative Tools window

  • Double-click the Local Security Policy shortcut icon

  • Open the folders for the policies you want to view




Removing a user
Removing a User Computer

  • Log on to the computer as an administrator

  • Open the Control Panel and then open the User Accounts window

  • Select the user account you want to remove, and click Delete the account

  • To save the user’s settings and other preferences in the preferences file, click the Keep Files button. To delete the preferences file, click the Delete Files button

  • To confirm you want to delete the account, click the Delete Account button


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