Unit one: E-mail and Internet. New Words and Expressions. Blonde adj. 金发碧眼的 e. g. Who was that blond I saw you were with last night? 昨晚我看见和你一道的那个金发女郎是谁？. Roll v. 滚 , 使 ... 转动 , 摇摆 e.g. The dog rolled on the floor. 狗在地板上打滚。 The ship was rolling heavily to and fro. 那船晃来晃去很不平稳。.
New Words and Expressions
Blonde adj. 金发碧眼的
e. g. Who was that blond I saw you were with last night?
e.g. The dog rolled on the floor. 狗在地板上打滚。
The ship was rolling heavily to and fro. 那船晃来晃去很不平稳。
Respectable adj. a. 值得尊重的,人格高尚的
e.g. She is a respectable married woman.
An apparently respectable person, group, or business used as
a cover for secret or illegal activities.
Community n. 社区，团体
e.g. Everyone should invest some time in community service.
His speech was an affront to all members of the community.
e.g. Citizens may have free access to the library.
He is a man of easy access. 他是一个很好接近的人。
e.g. Many social services are still provided by voluntary societies in our
Attendance is purely voluntary. 这次出席纯粹是自愿的.
Contribution n. 贡献
e.g. All contribution, however small, will be greatly appreciated.
I'll try to wangle a contribution out of him. 我要设法让他出把力.
Website n. 网站
e.g. The next time you go to a "Shocked" website, the
Shockwave control loads and plays the movie.
Finance n. 财政,财务
e.g. Unless we can get more finance, we'll have to close the store.
The politician was appointed as the Minister of Finance.
Financial adj.金融的,财政的e.g. Please give us a90-day extension on loan repayment to help us
tide over current financial difficulty.
The journalist was probing into several financial scandals.
Link n.环节,联系e.g. Is there a link between smoking and lung disease?
Police suspect there may be a link between the two murders.
v.连接,联系e.g. Television stations around the world are linked by satellite.
The road links all the new towns.
Range n.范围,行列,射程e.g. Several cars are available within this price range.
It came within my range of vision. 该物体进入了我的视野.
e.g. The children‘s ages range from 8 to 15.
This rifle ranges over a mile. 这种步枪射程达一英里.
Our conversation ranged over many topics.
e.g. She often knits while watching TV.
he broken bones have knit (together) well. 断骨已愈合良好.
Digital adj. 数字的
e.g. Most of the computers we are using are digital computers.
The only error you shall receive back is from the DTS clerk on the digital
Isolation n. 隔离，孤立
e.g. Looked at in isolation, these facts are not encouraging.
His isolation has made him blunt about the feelings of others.
Liberty n. 自由
e.g. I took the liberty of reading the letter, even though it was
addressed to you.
I am afraid that I am not at liberty to discuss this matter.
Comfort v. 安慰
e.g. I tried to comfort him after he was defeated by his opponent.
n. 舒适,安慰,安慰者e.g. My husband was a great comfort to me when my son was ill.
The dress is carefully styled for maximum comfort.
Constitution n. 组织，宪法，体格
e.g. He has a good constitution. 他体质很好。
The constitution of a primitive society is not necessarily
Britain has an unwritten constitution, and the United States has
a written constitution.
Sentence v/n. 宣判，判决
e.g. The man was sentenced to three years in prison. 他被判三年监禁。
The condemned man listened to his sentence without batting an
Lack n. 缺乏，无，不足
e.g. The plant died for lack of water. 植物因缺水而枯死了。
Lack of evidence resulted in their acquittal.
e.g. He is good at his job but he seems to lack confidence.
Money for the project is still lacking.
New Phrases and Expressions
A handful of 少量的
e.g. We invited twenty people, but only a handful of them came.
All the trouble is being caused by a handful of malcontents.
I picked up a handful of letters and began to open them.
Thanks to: 由于，多亏
e.g. Thanks to your timely intervention. 多亏你及时调停。
Thanks to his effort, it is more successful than we have expected.
Thanks to the bad weather, the match had been cancelled.
I am feeling better now, no thanks to you.
It's no thanks to you (that) we arrived on time your short cuts
weren't short cuts at all!
Passage: Seniors Find Fun on Web
Thousands of Americans over 50 are discovering friends, fun, and
new ideas on an Internet-basedcommunity called SeniorNet.
“I am an old lady –except on-line when I am 37, blonde and ready to
roll,” says a respectable member of SeniorNet, a true community of
seniors that includes a 104-year-old member.
A fifth of Americans with Internet access, or 8-10 million people, are
SeniorNet is non-profit site that develops very quickly thanks to
voluntary contributions from its 25,000 members and a handful of
retirees who designed the website and manage more than 200
discussion groups set up on the network.
“Of course, the usual topics linked with old age are very much
there – health and financial questions – but they are not the only
topics, ” says Glen Gilbert, the site’s director of development.
Subjects ranging from cooking and knitting to digital cameras and
politics are discussed, he says.
“It’s a place where one can break the isolation of a bedroom
without having to leave it, where you can comfort one another in
times of sickness,” Gilbert says. “But it is also a place where you
can share in the happy moments of life, be it birthdays or even
The most complete liberty of expression provided by the Web
also allows for a “men’s lounge” which wives are asked to avoid,
and for the constitution of a group of “gay and lesbian seniors.”
This group permits men and women to discuss issues that, in
their youth, would have been shameful to them.
One senior says that, “for a teacher like me, to come out at
that time was a bit like signing your death sentence.”
SeniorNet has also established a network of 130 computer
learning centers. These provide the basics on navigating the
Internet and tips on setting up a website as well as a computer
for those for those who lack their own equipment.
1. Build up your language stock
H. A non-profit site
I. Internet access
J. Comfort one another
K. internet-based community
L. Thanks to
M. Break the isolation
N. Discover new ideas
O. Establish a network
2. Decide whether the following statements are true
or false according to the passage.
① Only people who are over 60 are referred to as senior people.
② Health and financial questions are frequently discussed on
③ Senior people can discuss the issues which are shameful to young
④ People must pay to go to any of the computer learning centers.
⑤ It can be inferred that people are more open-minded on the net than
in Realistic places.
Answers: ①F ②T ③F ④F ⑤T
3. Choose the best answer
① All the seniors can have ___ to SeniorNet.
a. entrance b. enrollment c. admission d. access
② He is a senior University student, but he has never been ___ the
a. at b. on c. in d. with
③ His well-written short stories made him a ___ man.
a. respectable b. respectful c. respective d. respecting
Answers: ⑴d ⑵b ⑶a ⑷b ⑸d
4. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
① She wants to bring home a boyfriend from the other side of the
world, with whom she’s been having a virtual relationship for months.
② She has also built a website for Jane, her best friend in the US,
whom she met online.
③ Gordon, who met Mona in an online chat room four years ago,
works nights as a security guard and goes online in the morning.
④ The first time when he visited the online chat room was in
1998, when he was only 10 years old.
⑤ The Net is also helping the couple run a 93-hectare farm
business, which they own in partnership with their friends.
5. Translate the following sentences into
English by using the given phrases.
Non-restrictive Attributive Clause
⑧ They will fly to Xi’an, ___ they plan to stay for two days, and
then go on to Wuxi.
A. Where B. who C. whose D. which
⑨ We will put off the outing next week, ___ we won’t be so busy.
A. When B. where C. which D. that
⑩Most significantly, the boy has a magic violin, ___ lets him travel
across time and space and lets him zip between heaven and earth.
A. Which B. when C. that D. who
Answers: BCCAD CDAAA
2. Rewrite the sentences after the example given.
The director looked very confident. He spoke for 20 minutes.
The director, who looked very confident, spoke for 20 minutes.
① He said environment protection was everyone’s responsibility. It is a
②Lockville is now beauty spot. There used to be a chemical plant there.
③ We made many mistakes in the past. We knew less than we do.
④ The managing directors of the company have more responsibilities.
This is known to all the staff.
⑤ The industries produce the products. We criticize the industries.
We buy the products.
⑥ She made all kinds of suggestions. I couldn’t understand most of them.
⑦ Small computers need only small amounts of power. It means that
they will run on small batteries.
⑧ This happened in 1975. Then I was still a baby.
① He said environment protection, which is a key issue, was
② Lockville is now a beauty spot, where there used to be a chemical
③ We made many mistakes in the past, when we knew less than we do.
④ The managing directors of the company have more responsibilities,
which is known to all the staff.
⑤ The industries, which we criticize, produce the products which
⑥ She made all kinds of suggestions, most of which I couldn’t
⑦ Small computers need only small amounts of power, which
means that they will run on small batteries.
⑧ This happened in 1975, when I was still a baby.