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Unit one: E-mail and Internet. New Words and Expressions. Blonde adj. 金发碧眼的 e. g. Who was that blond I saw you were with last night?  昨晚我看见和你一道的那个金发女郎是谁?. Roll v. 滚 , 使 ... 转动 , 摇摆 e.g. The dog rolled on the floor.  狗在地板上打滚。 The ship was rolling heavily to and fro.  那船晃来晃去很不平稳。.

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Unit one e mail and internet

Unit one: E-mail and Internet


Unit one e mail and internet

New Words and Expressions

Blonde adj. 金发碧眼的

e. g. Who was that blond I saw you were with last night? 

昨晚我看见和你一道的那个金发女郎是谁?

Roll v.滚,使...转动,摇摆

e.g. The dog rolled on the floor.  狗在地板上打滚。

The ship was rolling heavily to and fro.  那船晃来晃去很不平稳。


Unit one e mail and internet

Respectable adj. a. 值得尊重的,人格高尚的

e.g. She is a respectable married woman. 

她是个受人尊敬的已婚妇女。

An apparently respectable person, group, or business used as

a cover for secret or illegal activities. 

掩护表面值得尊敬的人、团体或企业,实际上用阴谋或不法活动做掩盖

Community n. 社区,团体

e.g. Everyone should invest some time in community service. 

每个人都应 该花些时间在社区服务上。

His speech was an affront to all members of the community. 

他的话对社区所有成员是故意的侮辱。


Unit one e mail and internet

Access n.通路,进入,使用之权

e.g. Citizens may have free access to the library. 

市民可以免费使用这个图书馆。

He is a man of easy access.  他是一个很好接近的人。

Voluntary adj.自愿的,志愿的

e.g. Many social services are still provided by voluntary societies in our

city. 

在我们的城市,许多社会服务仍然是有志愿团体提供的。

Attendance is purely voluntary.  这次出席纯粹是自愿的.


Unit one e mail and internet

Contribution n. 贡献

e.g. All contribution, however small, will be greatly appreciated. 

所有捐款,无论数目多么少,我们都深表感谢。

I'll try to wangle a contribution out of him.  我要设法让他出把力.

Website n. 网站

e.g. The next time you go to a "Shocked" website, the

Shockwave control loads and plays the movie. 

下次再到一个需要使Shockwave的网站时,Shockwave控制程

序就会自动装载并播放电影。


Unit one e mail and internet

Finance n. 财政,财务

e.g. Unless we can get more finance, we'll have to close the store. 

除非我们能得到更多的资金,我们将不得不关闭这家商店。

The politician was appointed as the Minister of Finance. 

这位政治家被任命为财政部长。

Financial adj.金融的,财政的e.g. Please give us a90-day extension on loan repayment to help us

tide over current financial difficulty. 

请给我们延长90天的贷款偿还期限,以便克服目前的财政困难。

The journalist was probing into several financial scandals. 

那记者正在调查几起财务丑闻。


Unit one e mail and internet

Link n.环节,联系e.g. Is there a link between smoking and lung disease? 

吸烟与肺部疾病之间有关系吗?

Police suspect there may be a link between the two murders. 

警方怀疑这两起谋杀案可能有关联.

v.连接,联系e.g. Television stations around the world are linked by satellite. 

全世界的电视台通过卫星联系一起。

The road links all the new towns. 

这条路把所有的新城镇都连接起来了。


Unit one e mail and internet

Range n.范围,行列,射程e.g. Several cars are available within this price range. 

在这个价格范围内,有好几种汽车可供选购。

It came within my range of vision.  该物体进入了我的视野.

v.排列,归类于,延伸

e.g. The children‘s ages range from 8 to 15. 

这些孩子们的年龄在8岁到15岁之间。

This rifle ranges over a mile.  这种步枪射程达一英里.

Our conversation ranged over many topics. 

我们的谈话涉及很多话题。


Unit one e mail and internet

Knit v.编织,密接,结合

e.g. She often knits while watching TV. 

她常常一边看电视一边织毛衣。

he broken bones have knit (together) well.  断骨已愈合良好.

Digital adj. 数字的

e.g. Most of the computers we are using are digital computers. 

我们正在使用的计算机大多数是数字计算机。

The only error you shall receive back is from the DTS clerk on the digital

machine. 

应该接收回来的唯一错误来自于Digital机上的DTS职员机。


Unit one e mail and internet

Isolation n. 隔离,孤立

e.g. Looked at in isolation, these facts are not encouraging. 

孤立地看,这些事实并不乐观。

His isolation has made him blunt about the feelings of others. 

他的孤立使他对别人的感情木然无知。

Liberty n. 自由

e.g. I took the liberty of reading the letter, even though it was

addressed to you. 

尽管这封信是写给你的,但是我冒昧地看过了。

I am afraid that I am not at liberty to discuss this matter. 

对不起,我无权讨论这个问题。


Unit one e mail and internet

Comfort v. 安慰

e.g. I tried to comfort him after he was defeated by his opponent. 

他被对手击败后,我尽力安慰他。

n. 舒适,安慰,安慰者e.g. My husband was a great comfort to me when my son was ill. 

我儿子生病时,丈夫给了我极大的安慰。

The dress is carefully styled for maximum comfort. 

这服装精心设计,力求达到最大限度的舒适。


Unit one e mail and internet

Constitution n. 组织,宪法,体格

e.g. He has a good constitution.  他体质很好。

The constitution of a primitive society is not necessarily

simple. 

原始社会的结构并不一定就是简单的。

Britain has an unwritten constitution, and the United States has

a written constitution. 

英国有不成文的宪法, 美国有成文的宪法.

Sentence v/n. 宣判,判决

e.g. The man was sentenced to three years in prison.  他被判三年监禁。

The condemned man listened to his sentence without batting an

eyelid. 

那被定罪的人木无表情地听著对他的宣判.


Unit one e mail and internet

Lack n. 缺乏,无,不足

e.g. The plant died for lack of water.  植物因缺水而枯死了。

Lack of evidence resulted in their acquittal. 

因证据不足而宣判他们无罪.

v. 缺乏,短少,不足

e.g. He is good at his job but he seems to lack confidence. 

他工作不错,但似乎缺乏信心。

Money for the project is still lacking. 

进行这个项目的钱还没有著落.


Unit one e mail and internet

New Phrases and Expressions

A handful of 少量的

e.g. We invited twenty people, but only a handful of them came. 

我们邀请了20 个人,但只来了寥寥数人。

All the trouble is being caused by a handful of malcontents. 

这些是非都是由一小撮不满分子搬弄的.

I picked up a handful of letters and began to open them. 

我拿起一叠信,开始把它们拆开。


Unit one e mail and internet

Thanks to: 由于,多亏

e.g. Thanks to your timely intervention.  多亏你及时调停。

Thanks to his effort, it is more successful than we have expected. 

由于他的努力,获得了比我们预期的更大的成功。

Thanks to the bad weather, the match had been cancelled. 

多亏这个倒霉天气,挺好的比赛取消了。

I am feeling better now, no thanks to you. 

我现在觉得好多了,这并非由于你的原因。

It's no thanks to you (that) we arrived on time your short cuts

weren't short cuts at all! 

我们及时赶到可并没叨你的光--你说的近路一点儿也不近!


Passage seniors find fun on web

Passage: Seniors Find Fun on Web

Thousands of Americans over 50 are discovering friends, fun, and

new ideas on an Internet-basedcommunity called SeniorNet.

“I am an old lady –except on-line when I am 37, blonde and ready to

roll,” says a respectable member of SeniorNet, a true community of

seniors that includes a 104-year-old member.

A fifth of Americans with Internet access, or 8-10 million people, are

over 50.


Unit one e mail and internet

SeniorNet is non-profit site that develops very quickly thanks to

voluntary contributions from its 25,000 members and a handful of

retirees who designed the website and manage more than 200

discussion groups set up on the network.

“Of course, the usual topics linked with old age are very much

there – health and financial questions – but they are not the only

topics, ” says Glen Gilbert, the site’s director of development.

Subjects ranging from cooking and knitting to digital cameras and

politics are discussed, he says.


Unit one e mail and internet

“It’s a place where one can break the isolation of a bedroom

without having to leave it, where you can comfort one another in

times of sickness,” Gilbert says. “But it is also a place where you

can share in the happy moments of life, be it birthdays or even

weddings.”

The most complete liberty of expression provided by the Web

also allows for a “men’s lounge” which wives are asked to avoid,

and for the constitution of a group of “gay and lesbian seniors.”


Unit one e mail and internet

This group permits men and women to discuss issues that, in

their youth, would have been shameful to them.

One senior says that, “for a teacher like me, to come out at

that time was a bit like signing your death sentence.”

SeniorNet has also established a network of 130 computer

learning centers. These provide the basics on navigating the

Internet and tips on setting up a website as well as a computer

for those for those who lack their own equipment.


Unit one e mail and internet

EXERCISES

1. Build up your language stock

  • Voluntary contribution

  • B. Manage discussion groups

  • C. Director of development

  • D. Navigate the internet

  • E. A respectable member

  • F. Liberty of expressions

  • G. Sign death sentence

H. A non-profit site

I. Internet access

J. Comfort one another

K. internet-based community

L. Thanks to

M. Break the isolation

N. Discover new ideas

O. Establish a network


Unit one e mail and internet

(L) 由于

(J) 互相安慰

(G) 宣布死刑

(F) 言论自由

(I) 进入因特网

(O) 建立一个网络系统

(C) 发展部部长

(A) 自愿捐助

(B) 组织讨论组

(M) 消除孤独

(K) 因特网上的虚拟社团

(D) 浏览因特网


Unit one e mail and internet

2. Decide whether the following statements are true

or false according to the passage.

① Only people who are over 60 are referred to as senior people.

② Health and financial questions are frequently discussed on

SeniorNet.

③ Senior people can discuss the issues which are shameful to young

people.

④ People must pay to go to any of the computer learning centers.

⑤ It can be inferred that people are more open-minded on the net than

in Realistic places.

Answers: ①F ②T ③F ④F ⑤T


Unit one e mail and internet

3. Choose the best answer

① All the seniors can have ___ to SeniorNet.

a. entrance b. enrollment c. admission d. access

② He is a senior University student, but he has never been ___ the

Internet.

a. at b. on c. in d. with

③ His well-written short stories made him a ___ man.

a. respectable b. respectful c. respective d. respecting


Unit one e mail and internet

  • ④ When he was in Australia, he did a lot of ___ work.

  • volunteer b. voluntary c. vulnerable d. volatile

  • ⑤ She spends too much on her clothes and thus is often

  • frustrated with ___ problems.

  • a. fiscal b. monetary c. physical d. financial

Answers: ⑴d ⑵b ⑶a ⑷b ⑸d


Unit one e mail and internet

4. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

① She wants to bring home a boyfriend from the other side of the

world, with whom she’s been having a virtual relationship for months.

② She has also built a website for Jane, her best friend in the US,

whom she met online.

③ Gordon, who met Mona in an online chat room four years ago,

works nights as a security guard and goes online in the morning.


Unit one e mail and internet

④ The first time when he visited the online chat room was in

1998, when he was only 10 years old.

⑤ The Net is also helping the couple run a 93-hectare farm

business, which they own in partnership with their friends.


Unit one e mail and internet

Answers:

① 她想将男友从世界的那边带回家。她和男友在网上保持了数月的恋爱

关系。

② 她还为美国好友珍妮建立了一个网站。她是在网上遇见珍妮的。

③戈登是位上夜班的保安,他早晨上网。他是在几年前在网上聊天室遇

见默娜的。

④他第一次访问网上聊天室是在1998年。那时,他仅10岁。

⑤网络也帮助这对夫妇经营着93公顷的农场。这农场是他们和朋友合伙

经营的。


Unit one e mail and internet

5. Translate the following sentences into

English by using the given phrases.

① 由于学生们的积极参与,这次足球比赛进行的很顺利。

② 这部电影描写了一位中国老人的幸福时光。

③ 因特网的普及改变了人们以往寻找新朋友和新观点的方式。

④ 在众多的网址中,有很多是非盈利的网址。

⑤ 老年网为美国的一些老年人提供了表达自己情感的机会。

⑥ 学生们谈论的话题涉及文化和政治。

⑦ 这位老人甚至在患病期间还经常安慰他人。

⑧ 看来我们不能回避一些少量的难题。

⑨ 这个学习中心已和很多研究中心建立了网络联系。


Grammar focus

Grammar Focus

Non-restrictive Attributive Clause


Unit one e mail and internet

  • Complete the following sentences by choosing the

  • best one from the four choices.

  • ① He traveled to the southern part of the country, ___ he got many ideas for this book.

  • Who B. where C. which D. that

  • ② The mother got a good job on the farm, ___ provided extra income for the family.

  • Where B. who C. Which D. that

  • ③ For years they have lived a life in the countryside, ___ was very enjoyable.

  • Where B. who C. which D. that


Unit one e mail and internet

  • ④ The father, ___ was the world champion, was regarded as the hero

  • in the little village.

  • A. Who B. whom C. which D. that

  • ⑤ The injured soldier, ___ leg had been broken, was carried away.

  • A. Who B. whom C. which D. whose

  • ⑥ Martin’s garage, ___ the car had been parked, was not far away.

  • Whose B. whom C. where D. whose

  • ⑦ I can lend you two books, both of ___ are very good.

  • Whom B. that C. whose D. which


Unit one e mail and internet

⑧ They will fly to Xi’an, ___ they plan to stay for two days, and

then go on to Wuxi.

A. Where B. who C. whose D. which

⑨ We will put off the outing next week, ___ we won’t be so busy.

A. When B. where C. which D. that

⑩Most significantly, the boy has a magic violin, ___ lets him travel

across time and space and lets him zip between heaven and earth.

A. Which B. when C. that D. who

Answers: BCCAD CDAAA


Unit one e mail and internet

2. Rewrite the sentences after the example given.

Example:

The director looked very confident. He spoke for 20 minutes.

The director, who looked very confident, spoke for 20 minutes.

① He said environment protection was everyone’s responsibility. It is a

key issue.

②Lockville is now beauty spot. There used to be a chemical plant there.

③ We made many mistakes in the past. We knew less than we do.


Unit one e mail and internet

④ The managing directors of the company have more responsibilities.

This is known to all the staff.

⑤ The industries produce the products. We criticize the industries.

We buy the products.

⑥ She made all kinds of suggestions. I couldn’t understand most of them.

⑦ Small computers need only small amounts of power. It means that

they will run on small batteries.

⑧ This happened in 1975. Then I was still a baby.


Unit one e mail and internet

Answers:

① He said environment protection, which is a key issue, was

everyone’s responsibility.

② Lockville is now a beauty spot, where there used to be a chemical

plant.

③ We made many mistakes in the past, when we knew less than we do.

④ The managing directors of the company have more responsibilities,

which is known to all the staff.


Unit one e mail and internet

⑤ The industries, which we criticize, produce the products which

we buy.

⑥ She made all kinds of suggestions, most of which I couldn’t

understand.

⑦ Small computers need only small amounts of power, which

means that they will run on small batteries.

⑧ This happened in 1975, when I was still a baby.


Thank you

Thank you !!!


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