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Progressivism. The Struggle Against Discrimination. M.I. The Progressive Movement helped pave the way for civil rights. Progressivism Presents Contradictions. Most Prog. Were white Anglo-Saxon Protestants (WASPS) who were indifferent to or hostile to minorities

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progressivism

Progressivism

The Struggle Against Discrimination

progressivism presents contradictions
Progressivism Presents Contradictions
  • Most Prog. Were white Anglo-Saxon Protestants (WASPS) who were indifferent to or hostile to minorities
  • Everyone should follow middle class values
social reform or social control
Social Reform or Social Control
  • Americanization – would make immigrants more loyal and moral
  • Assimilation – learn the language, dress, food and customs
  • Most Europeans drank- prejudice helped fuel the temperance mvmt.
racism limits the goals of progressivism
Racism Limits the Goals of Progressivism
  • Many prejudiced
  • Some people more fit than others to be leaders in society
  • Theory – dark-skinned people had less intelligence than whites
  • Used these theories to justify the passage of laws to keep African-Amer. from voting
plessy v ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson
  • By 1910 segregation was the norm
  • 1914 – federal govt offices segregated
african americans demand reform
African Americans Demand Reform
  • Booker T Washington – told blacks to move slowly towards racial progress
  • Have patience. Win respect and eventually get full voting and citizenship rights
  • Founded Tuskeegee Institute – trades
  • Atlanta Compromise – Asked only that whites be fair – not give anything away
african americans form the niagara movement
African Americans form the Niagara Movement
  • Summer 1905 – leading African Amer. Met at Niagara Falls (Canadian side)
  • Niagara Movement – no to gradual progress
  • No teaching of only trade skills
  • Talented tenth should be taught history, literature and philosophy so that they could think for themselves
  • Never very strong – needed a powerful leader
riots lead to formation of naacp
Riots Lead to Formation of NAACP
  • Summer 1908 – white mob attempted to lynch 2 African Amer in jail – Springfield, IL
  • The people had been moved
  • Mob attacked black residents – killed 2 – burned 40 homes
  • The riots showed that African Amer. needed help to secure their rights
  • 1909 – NAACP – National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
naacp
NAACP
  • Goals – to help African-Amer be “physically free from peonage, mentally free from ignorance, politically free from disfranchisement and socially free from insult.”
  • Included blacks and whites
  • Ida B. Wells – published in her newspaper the horrors of lynching
  • Used the courts to challenge unfair laws
african americans form the urban league
African Americans form the Urban League
  • African-Amer. Migrating from rural to urban areas
  • Needed help finding jobs
  • Relief agencies across America formed the Urban League – focused on poor workers
  • Helped with jobs, education and getting kids books and clothes
reducing prejudice and protecting rights
Reducing Prejudice and Protecting Rights
  • Other groups were discriminated against too.
  • Catholic parishes - helped
the anti defamation league aids jews
The Anti-Defamation League Aids Jews
  • 1843 – B’nai B’rith – provided religious education and helped Jewish families
  • Anti-Defamation League – 1913 – to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements
  • Anti-Semitism
mexican americans organize
Mexican Americans Organize
  • In AZ – Partido Liberal Mexicano (PLM)
  • Offered many of the same services as the Urban League
  • Mutualistas – groups that made loans and provided legal assistance – insurance
  • Many forced to sign unfair labor contracts – like sharecroppers – 1911 Supreme Ct struck down law
native americans take action
Native Americans Take Action
  • Dawes Act – 1887 – divided reservations into plots for individuals to farm
  • Lands not given to individuals could be sold to public
  • By 1932 – 2/3 of land owned in 1887 now belonged to whites
  • Society of American Indians – 1911 – Carlos Montezuma
asian americans fight unfair laws
Asian Americans Fight Unfair Laws
  • 1913 – CA law – only US citizens could own land
  • Japanese immigrants could not become citizens – had to sell land – many put it in their childrens name
  • Born here = citizen
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