The protestant reformation
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The Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther. A visit to Rome changed the pious monk’s life. 95 Theses 1517. Nailed to the church door in Wittenberg, Germany. Hurt the sale of indulgences. Angered the pope, archbishop, and other clergy. Other Luther Works. The Freedom of a Christian

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The Protestant Reformation

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The Protestant Reformation


Martin Luther

  • A visit to Rome changed the pious monk’s life.


95 Theses 1517

  • Nailed to the church door in Wittenberg, Germany.

  • Hurt the sale of indulgences.

  • Angered the pope, archbishop, and other clergy.


Other Luther Works

  • The Freedom of a Christian

  • Address to Christian Nobility

  • Pagan Servitude of the Church


The Papal Bull

  • Written by Pope Leo X, excommunicating Martin Luther for his works and actions.

  • Luther promptly burned the letter.

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Luther’s works were gathered and burned in mass fires throughout Germany.


Diet of Worms 1521

  • “I will not repent more works for I will not go against my own conscience. Here I stand, I can do no other. God have mercy on my soul.”


Wartburg Castle

  • Protected by Frederick of Saxony, Luther translated the Bible from Latin into German.


Peasant’s Revolt 1523-1524

  • Led to the slaughter of 70,000- 100,000 peasants.


Peace of Augsburg 1555

  • Allowed for German Princes to choose their own religions for their kingdoms.


Religious Divisions in Germany


Ulrich Zwingli

  • Swiss Reformer

  • Radical

  • Killed during the Swiss Religious Wars


John Calvin

  • French lawyer and priest

  • Started reformation in Switzerland

  • Has a Facebook page!


Predestination

  • Central belief of Calvin.

  • The notion that one’s fate in predetermined by God.

  • Free will does not exist.


Theocracy

  • A community or state run by religious officials.


Dutch Reformed Church

  • Followers of John Calvin and his beliefs.


John Knox and Scotland

  • Brought the Reformation movement to Scotland.

  • Eventually started the Presbyterian Church.


Henry VIII


Class Work

  • Create a short 3 sentence/ bulleted chart about Henry’s 6 wives:

  • Catherine of Aragon

  • Anne Boleyn

  • Jane Seymour

  • Anne of Cleves

  • Kathryn Howard

  • Katherine Parr


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