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Explanation Text Form
What are explanations?
Why do we write them?
Let’s Find Out…
An explanation is an oral or written text that seeks to explain how things come to be the way they are, or to analyze how things work.
Explanations seem to fall into 2 main types:
(ex. How a kite works)
(ex. Why Volcanoes Erupt)
**Some explanations may combine how and why
Explanations may be in the form of essays, handbooks, science, health and social studies texts. Take a look…
Health Explain the process of digestion
Science Explain how electricity is generated
Social Studies Explain why soil erosion occurs
Each Part of the Explanation is at least 1 paragraph.
The framework looks something like this…
How a Kite Works
A kite is a flying object that is heavier than air. (definition)
A kite consists of a frame, a skin covering the frame and a long string that is held by the user. (Components/Parts)
A kite becomes airborne when the wind pressure between the kite and the ground lifts the structure into the air. The tilt of the plane surface of the kite causes a lesser air pressure to occur behind the kite’s upper surface than the wind on the under-surface. (Operations – How it works; Why it works; Cause and effect)
Kites have been used as signals, experimental instruments in atmospheric measurement and as play objects dating back many thousands of years. (Interesting comments, Special Features, Evaluation)