Language registers
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Language Registers PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Language Registers. What is a Register?. describes the various styles of language available for writing or speaking. Language Registers. Every Language has 5 language registers. Deciding which language register is appropriate depends on the:. A udience T opic S ituation.

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Language Registers

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Language registers

Language Registers


What is a register

What is a Register?

  • describes the various styles of language available for writing or speaking


Language registers1

Language Registers

  • Every Language has 5 language registers


How do you decide which language register is appropriate to use

Deciding which language register is appropriate depends on the:

Audience

Topic

Situation

How do you decide which language register is appropriate to use?


The universal rule

The Universal Rule

  • A person can go from one register to the next register without any conflicts


Five language registers

Five Language Registers

  • Frozen

  • Formal

  • Consultative

  • Casual

  • Intimate


Public voice

Public Voice

  • Frozen

  • Formal

  • Consultative


Frozen register

Frozen Register

  • Also called static register

  • This style of communications RARELY or NEVER changes. It is “frozen” in time and content.


Examples of frozen register

Examples of Frozen Register

  • Pledge of Allegiance

  • Words to a song

  • Poetry

  • Prayer

  • Preamble to the US Constitution

  • The Alma Mater


Frozen register1

Frozen Register


Formal register

Formal Register

  • This language is used in formal settings and is one-way in nature.

  • This use of language usually follows a commonly accepted format.

  • It is usually impersonal and formal.

  • A common format for this register are speeches.


Examples of formal register

Examples of Formal Register

  • Presentations

  • Academic Paper

  • Essays in school

  • Sermons

  • Speeches

  • Announcements

  • Interviews


Formal register1

Formal Register


Consultative register

Consultative Register

  • This is a standard form of communications. Users engage in a mutually accepted structure of communications.

  • Two way communication used in conversation

  • No past experience with that person

  • It is professional discourse.


Examples of consultative register

Examples of Consultative Register

  • Strangers who interact

  • Adults at work

  • Teachers with students

  • Talking with lawyer or doctor

  • Counselor and client


Consultative register1

Consultative Register


Private voice

Private Voice

  • Casual

  • Intimate


Casual register

Casual Register

  • This is informal language used by peers and friends.

  • Past experience with that person

  • Slang, vulgarities and colloquialisms are normal. This is “group” language.

  • One must be member to engage in this register.


Examples of casual register

Examples of Casual Register

  • Talking with friends

  • Personal letter to a friend

  • Talk with teammates,

  • chats and emails

  • Personal blogs


Casual register1

Casual Register


Intimate register

Intimate Register

  • This communications is private.

  • Language shared between couples, twins, very close friends

  • Language of sexual harassment.

  • It is reserved for close family members or intimate people.


Examples of intimate register

Examples of Intimate Register

  • Finish each other’s sentences

  • Spouses

  • Boyfriend and Girlfriend

  • Siblings

  • Parent and Children

  • Very good friends


Intimate register1

Intimate Register


  • Login