Economic and development problems in sub saharan africa
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Economic and Development Problems in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nicholas Spaull & Nico Katzke. A little bit about me… Nicholas Spaull I love to Travel Studied at UKZN / SUN / UCT Economics by profession (PhD...) Education by passion Office: Schumann 202 [email protected] NicSpaull

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Economic and Development Problems in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Economic and development problems in sub saharan africa

Economic and Development Problems in Sub-Saharan Africa

Nicholas Spaull & NicoKatzke


Economic and development problems in sub saharan africa

A little bit about me…

  • Nicholas Spaull

  • I love to Travel

  • Studiedat UKZN / SUN / UCT

  • Economicsby profession (PhD...)

  • Educationby passion

  • Office: Schumann 202

  • [email protected]

  • NicSpaull

  • www.nicspaull.com


Admin

Admin

Course information

3 American credits; 6 ECTS credits

Venue: Wilcocks 3018

Mondays10:00 – 13:00

Tuesdays09:00 – 12:00

*NB – see lecture schedule for dates!

___________________________

Evaluation

4 x MCQ tests80%

Class participation:20%

There will be no exam.

**The above is subject to change


Economic and development problems in sub saharan africa

What I want to accomplish in this course

The aim of this course is to get you to think critically about some of the major developmental issues facing Sub-Saharan Africa today.

Some caveats:

  • This is not a typical course

  • I am only a graduate student, not the Oracle at Delphi

    But…

  • It will be interesting!

  • You will learn how to think and you will learn about Africa

  • More specifically…


Economic and development problems in south africa and africa understanding foreign aid

Economic and Development Problems in South Africa and AfricaUnderstanding Foreign Aid


Economic and development problems in sub saharan africa

Aid – The ‘good’...

  • Sachs

  • ‘Poverty trap’ 

  • Firemen logic

  • Big push

  • Conclusion?

    • BIG SOLUTION

      Health – Education - Infrastructure


Economic and development problems in south africa and africa education in sa

Economic and Development Problems in South Africa and AfricaEducation in SA?


Benefits of education

$

Ed

Benefits of education

H

S

Ec

  • Improved human rights

  • Empowerment of women

  • Reduced societal violence

  • Promotion of a national (as opposed to regional or ethnic) identity

  • Increased social cohesion

  • Lower fertility

  • Improved child health

  • Preventative health care

  • Demographic transition

  • Improvements in productivity

  • Economic growth

  • Reduction of inter-generational cycles of poverty

  • Reductions in inequality

Economy

Health

Society

Specific references: lower fertility (Glewwe, 2002), improved child health (Currie, 2009), reduced societal violence (Salmi, 2006), promotion of a national - as opposed to a regional or ethnic - identity (Glewwe, 2002), improved human rights (Salmi, 2006), increased social cohesion (Heyneman, 2003), Economic growth – see any decent Macro textbook, specifically for cognitive skills see (Hanushek & Woessman 2008)


Economic and development problems in sub saharan africa

Labour Market

  • University/FET

  • Type of institution (FET or University)

  • Quality of institution

  • Type of qualification(diploma, degree etc.)

  • Field of study (Engineering, Arts etc.)

  • High productivity jobs and incomes (17%)

  • Mainly professional, managerial & skilled jobs

  • Requires graduates, good quality matric or good vocational skills

  • Historically mainly white

High quality secondaryschool

Unequal society

High SES background

+ECD

High quality primary school

Minority (20%)

Some motivated, lucky or talented students make the transition

  • Vocational training

  • Affirmative action

  • Big demand for good schools despite fees

  • Some scholarships/bursaries

Majority (80%)

Quality

Type

Attainment

Low quality secondary

school

  • Low productivity jobs & incomes

  • Often manual or low skill jobs

  • Limited or low quality education

  • Minimum wage can exceed productivity

Low SES background

Low quality primary school

cf. Servaas van der Berg – QLFS 2011


Economic and development problems in south africa and africa poverty and inequality in sa

Economic and Development Problems in South Africa and AfricaPoverty and Inequality in SA


Economic and development problems in south africa and africa health in africa

Economic and Development Problems in South Africa and AfricaHealth in Africa


Translating expenditure into outcomes 2

Translating expenditure into outcomes (2)

Maternal mortality vs. total per capita healthcare expenditure, 161 countries - WHO, 2010 (maternal mortality) & 2011 (healthcare expenditure)


Links in the chain in translating expenditure into outcomes in developing countries 2

Links in the chain in translating expenditure into outcomes in developing countries (2)

Filmer, Hammer & Pritchett, 2000

Incentives

Expenditure

Outcomes

Choices

  • Composition of expenditure, e.g. primary vs. secondary vs. tertiary care, HIV vs. TB, HIV vs. malaria, preventative vs. curative care

  • Output of the public sector: efficiency in translating inputs into outputs

  • Net impact of public sector supply on overall consumption: do people use more of the service simply because government is spending more? e.g. crowding-out of private services

  • Health production function: the impact of health inputs is mitigated by biological and medical facts, i.e. the effectiveness/appropriateness of certain treatments


Economic and development problems in sub saharan africa

  • Nico to teach the second half of the course


Economic and development problems in sub saharan africa

What do I expect from you??

  • To think!!!!

  • To learn!


Instructional method

Instructional method?

  • Lectures

  • Readings

  • Podcasts (interviews and videos)

  • Class discussion (!)


Economic and development problems in sub saharan africa

Fastest growing cities

(Total growth, 2010-15, %)

  • Yamoussoukro, Cote d’Ivoire 43.8

  • Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso38.5

  • Lilongwe, Malawi28.9

  • Blantyre, Malawi28.8

  • Abuja, Nigeria28.4

  • Huambo, Angola26.1

  • Luanda, Angola26.0

Lowest GDP per head ($, 2008)

  • Burundi 140

  • Congo-Kinshasa 180

  • Liberia220

  • Guinea-Bisau270

  • Malawi290

  • Somalia300

  • Zimbabwe310

  • Ethiopia320

  • Eritrea340

  • Sierra Leone350

Trivia

  • Longest river?

  • Biggest desert?

  • Top 8 countries most economically dependent on agriculture (all African)

  • Least literate, most AIDS deaths


Questions

Questions ???


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