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ANCIENT CHINA. SHANG . City-states Warfare. Writing Pictures . Bronze 2000 b.c . ZHOU . Part of Shang. ORDER. Mandate?. Philosophy Book of Songs. Sun Tzu Art of War. ART OF WAR.

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Presentation Transcript
shang
SHANG
  • City-states
  • Warfare
slide3

Writing

    • Pictures
slide4

Bronze

    • 2000 b.c.
slide5
ZHOU
  • Part of Shang
order
ORDER
  • Mandate?
slide7

Philosophy

  • Book of Songs
slide9

Sun Tzu

    • Art of War
art of war
ART OF WAR
  • I. LAYING PLANS 1. Sun Tzu said: The art of war is of vital importance to the State. 2. It is a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected. 3. The art of war, then, is governed by five constant factors, to be taken into account in one’s deliberations, when seeking to determine the conditions obtaining in the field. 4. These factors are: 1) The Moral Law; 2) Heaven; 3) Earth; 4) The Commander; 5) Method and Discipline. 9. The COMMANDER stands for the virtues of wisdom, sincerity, benevolence, courage and strictness.
art of war1
ART OF WAR
  • III. ATTACK BY STRATAGEM 1. Sun Tzu said: In the practical art of war, the best thing of all is to take the enemy\'s country whole and intact; to shatter and destroy it is not so good. So, too, it is better to recapture an army entire than to destroy it, to capture a regiment, a detachment or a company entire than to destroy them. 2. Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy\'s resistance without fighting. 3. Thus the highest form of generalship is to balk the enemy\'s plans; the next best is to prevent the junction of the enemy\'s forces; the next in order is to attack the enemy\'s army in the field; and the worst policy of all is to besiege walled cities.
warring states
WARRING STATES
  • Later Zho
  • 401-256 B.C.
legalism
LEGALISM
  • Peace=united, strong
  • Human nature: Selfish
confucianism
CONFUCIANISM
  • 5th century B.C.
  • Kong Fuzi, Analects
  • comprehensive
slide16

Junzi=gentleman

  • Ren: kindness
  • Li: appropriate behavior
  • Xiao: filial piety
daoism
DAOISM
  • Laozi
  • Reflection, contemplation
  • Intuition=knowledge
ad