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Ancient China. Existed more than 500,000 years ago Before Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers. What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?. QUICK WRITE 3 min Hint: Refer to “Civilization” notes. .

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Ancient China

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Ancient China

Existed more than 500,000 years ago

Before Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers


What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?

QUICK WRITE

3 min

Hint: Refer to “Civilization” notes.


What was the geography of Ancient China?

  • Surrounded by natural barriers:

    • Gobi Desert

    • Taklimakan Desert

    • Himalayas

    • Plateau of Tibet (icy)

    • Mongolian Plateau

    • Borders the ocean


Gobi Desert


Taklimakan Desert


Himalayas


Plateau of Tibet


Mongolian Plateau


Borders the Ocean


What Were the River Systems?

  • Two major rivers:

    • Huang He River (“Yellow River”) – Northern China

    • Yangtze River – Central China

    • Loess: yellow silt


What Were the Environmental Challenges?

  • Devastating floods – “China’s Sorrow”

  • No/limited trade

  • Constant northwest invasions


How Did the Environment Aide Civilization?

  • Between two rivers – North China Plain – was very suitable for farming

  • Fertile soil, water supply


What Were the First Dynasties?

  • Xia Dynasty – First Chinese Dynasty

    • Controlled floods, took advantage of rivers

  • Shang Dynasty – First Chinese Dynasty to have written records

    • Major City: Anyang—built of wood


Anyang

  • City walls protected higher classes

  • Peasants, craftspeople lived in huts outside the city

  • Frequently at war


What Do the Indus, Egypt, China, and Mesopotamia Have in Common?

QUICK WRITE

3 min


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