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Ancient China. Existed more than 500,000 years ago Before Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers. What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?. QUICK WRITE 3 min Hint: Refer to “Civilization” notes. .

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ancient china

Ancient China

Existed more than 500,000 years ago

Before Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers

what is the difference between a settlement and a civilization
What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?

QUICK WRITE

3 min

Hint: Refer to “Civilization” notes.

what was the geography of ancient china
What was the geography of Ancient China?
  • Surrounded by natural barriers:
    • Gobi Desert
    • Taklimakan Desert
    • Himalayas
    • Plateau of Tibet (icy)
    • Mongolian Plateau
    • Borders the ocean
what were the river systems
What Were the River Systems?
  • Two major rivers:
    • Huang He River (“Yellow River”) – Northern China
    • Yangtze River – Central China
    • Loess: yellow silt
what were the environmental challenges
What Were the Environmental Challenges?
  • Devastating floods – “China’s Sorrow”
  • No/limited trade
  • Constant northwest invasions
how did the environment aide civilization
How Did the Environment Aide Civilization?
  • Between two rivers – North China Plain – was very suitable for farming
  • Fertile soil, water supply
what were the first dynasties
What Were the First Dynasties?
  • Xia Dynasty – First Chinese Dynasty
    • Controlled floods, took advantage of rivers
  • Shang Dynasty – First Chinese Dynasty to have written records
    • Major City: Anyang—built of wood
anyang
Anyang
  • City walls protected higher classes
  • Peasants, craftspeople lived in huts outside the city
  • Frequently at war
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