Ancient china
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Ancient China. Existed more than 500,000 years ago Before Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers. What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?. QUICK WRITE 3 min Hint: Refer to “Civilization” notes. .

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Ancient China

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Ancient china

Ancient China

Existed more than 500,000 years ago

Before Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers


What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization

What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?

QUICK WRITE

3 min

Hint: Refer to “Civilization” notes.


What was the geography of ancient china

What was the geography of Ancient China?

  • Surrounded by natural barriers:

    • Gobi Desert

    • Taklimakan Desert

    • Himalayas

    • Plateau of Tibet (icy)

    • Mongolian Plateau

    • Borders the ocean


Gobi desert

Gobi Desert


Taklimakan desert

Taklimakan Desert


Himalayas

Himalayas


Plateau of tibet

Plateau of Tibet


Mongolian plateau

Mongolian Plateau


Borders the ocean

Borders the Ocean


What were the river systems

What Were the River Systems?

  • Two major rivers:

    • Huang He River (“Yellow River”) – Northern China

    • Yangtze River – Central China

    • Loess: yellow silt


What were the environmental challenges

What Were the Environmental Challenges?

  • Devastating floods – “China’s Sorrow”

  • No/limited trade

  • Constant northwest invasions


How did the environment aide civilization

How Did the Environment Aide Civilization?

  • Between two rivers – North China Plain – was very suitable for farming

  • Fertile soil, water supply


What were the first dynasties

What Were the First Dynasties?

  • Xia Dynasty – First Chinese Dynasty

    • Controlled floods, took advantage of rivers

  • Shang Dynasty – First Chinese Dynasty to have written records

    • Major City: Anyang—built of wood


Anyang

Anyang

  • City walls protected higher classes

  • Peasants, craftspeople lived in huts outside the city

  • Frequently at war


What do the indus egypt china and mesopotamia have in common

What Do the Indus, Egypt, China, and Mesopotamia Have in Common?

QUICK WRITE

3 min


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