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Ancient China. Existed more than 500,000 years ago Before Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers. What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?. QUICK WRITE 3 min Hint: Refer to “Civilization” notes. .

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Ancient china

Ancient China

Existed more than 500,000 years ago

Before Sumerians were settling Mesopotamia, Chinese farming settlements were developing along rivers


What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization
What is the difference between a settlement and a civilization?

QUICK WRITE

3 min

Hint: Refer to “Civilization” notes.


What was the geography of ancient china
What was the geography of Ancient China? civilization?

  • Surrounded by natural barriers:

    • Gobi Desert

    • Taklimakan Desert

    • Himalayas

    • Plateau of Tibet (icy)

    • Mongolian Plateau

    • Borders the ocean


Gobi desert
Gobi Desert civilization?


Taklimakan desert
Taklimakan Desert civilization?


Himalayas
Himalayas civilization?


Plateau of tibet
Plateau of Tibet civilization?


Mongolian plateau
Mongolian Plateau civilization?


Borders the ocean
Borders the Ocean civilization?


What were the river systems
What Were the River Systems? civilization?

  • Two major rivers:

    • Huang He River (“Yellow River”) – Northern China

    • Yangtze River – Central China

    • Loess: yellow silt


What were the environmental challenges
What Were the Environmental Challenges? civilization?

  • Devastating floods – “China’s Sorrow”

  • No/limited trade

  • Constant northwest invasions


How did the environment aide civilization
How Did the Environment Aide Civilization? civilization?

  • Between two rivers – North China Plain – was very suitable for farming

  • Fertile soil, water supply


What were the first dynasties
What Were the First Dynasties? civilization?

  • Xia Dynasty – First Chinese Dynasty

    • Controlled floods, took advantage of rivers

  • Shang Dynasty – First Chinese Dynasty to have written records

    • Major City: Anyang—built of wood


Anyang
Anyang civilization?

  • City walls protected higher classes

  • Peasants, craftspeople lived in huts outside the city

  • Frequently at war



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