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Cities and Poverty Research. City Economic Development Think-Tank 19 November 2002. Project Structure. Recognising Urban Poverty. Urban Growth SA reflects global and regional trends in urban population growth The big picture is of consistent growth

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cities and poverty research

Cities and Poverty Research

City Economic Development Think-Tank

19 November 2002

recognising urban poverty
Recognising Urban Poverty
  • Urban Growth
    • SA reflects global and regional trends in urban population growth
    • The big picture is of consistent growth
    • Within this there are different patterns in the rate, location and population that are growing
urbanisation of poverty
Urbanisation of poverty
  • Three main reasons for the urbanisation of poverty
    • The natural growth of the poor population within cities
    • Growing urban inequality
    • Poor people moving to cities
who are the urban poor in sa
Who are the urban poor in SA

Ifthere is a typical ‘face of poverty’ in South Africa then this picture is no longer only a rural women engaged in subsistence agricultural production. It is an HIV child living in an environmentally degraded informal settlement in a rapidly growing city - without services who is subjected to organised and household violence and is vulnerable to global economic and political trends.

FS Mufamadi, Minister For Provincial and Local Government, SACN Launch 7 October 2002

poverty definition
Poverty definition

Poverty is more than a lack of income. Poverty exists when an individual or a household’s access to income, jobs and/or infrastructure is inadequate or sufficiently unequal to prohibit full access to opportunities in society. The condition of poverty is caused by a combination of social, economic, spatial, environmental and political factors.

poverty definition1
Poverty definition












Environmental Health





recording and monitoring poverty
Recording and monitoring poverty
  • Choose the appropriate indicators of urban poverty
  • Select the correct scale
  • Monitor vulnerable groups
  • Identify sectoral weaknesses
  • Use up-to-date, reliable data
making complex data useful
Making complex data useful
  • Must be understood by all stakeholders
  • Must be flexible - accommodate new data and refinement
  • Must interface with other data e.g. budget, provincial data, community priorities etc.
  • Must be authoritative - locally and internationally and internally and externally
gaps in the cdi
Gaps in the CDI
  • Does not capture all dimensions of poverty
    • Infrastructure heavy
  • Not all locally specific poverty dynamics are addressed - e.g. segregation
  • Key aspects of city development are not included