Cities and poverty research
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Cities and Poverty Research. City Economic Development Think-Tank 19 November 2002. Project Structure. Recognising Urban Poverty. Urban Growth SA reflects global and regional trends in urban population growth The big picture is of consistent growth

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Cities and poverty research

Cities and Poverty Research

City Economic Development Think-Tank

19 November 2002


Project structure

Project Structure


Recognising urban poverty

Recognising Urban Poverty

  • Urban Growth

    • SA reflects global and regional trends in urban population growth

    • The big picture is of consistent growth

    • Within this there are different patterns in the rate, location and population that are growing


Urban growth race

Urban growth - race


Urban growth gender

Urban growth - gender


Urban growth location

Urban growth - location


Urbanisation of poverty

Urbanisation of poverty

  • Three main reasons for the urbanisation of poverty

    • The natural growth of the poor population within cities

    • Growing urban inequality

    • Poor people moving to cities


Who are the urban poor in sa

Who are the urban poor in SA

Ifthere is a typical ‘face of poverty’ in South Africa then this picture is no longer only a rural women engaged in subsistence agricultural production. It is an HIV child living in an environmentally degraded informal settlement in a rapidly growing city - without services who is subjected to organised and household violence and is vulnerable to global economic and political trends.

FS Mufamadi, Minister For Provincial and Local Government, SACN Launch 7 October 2002


Who are the urban poor in sa1

Who are the urban poor in SA?


Who are the urban poor in sa2

Who are the urban poor in SA?


Poverty definition

Poverty definition

Poverty is more than a lack of income. Poverty exists when an individual or a household’s access to income, jobs and/or infrastructure is inadequate or sufficiently unequal to prohibit full access to opportunities in society. The condition of poverty is caused by a combination of social, economic, spatial, environmental and political factors.


Poverty definition1

Poverty definition

Energy

Health

Crime

Unemployment

Literacy

Water

Income

Disability

Poverty

Housing

Gender

Environmental Health

Transport

Waste

CDI

Gini


Recording and monitoring poverty

Recording and monitoring poverty

  • Choose the appropriate indicators of urban poverty

  • Select the correct scale

  • Monitor vulnerable groups

  • Identify sectoral weaknesses

  • Use up-to-date, reliable data


Choose the right indicator

Choose the right indicator


Select the right scale

Select the right scale


Identify vulnerable groups

Identify vulnerable groups


Making complex data useful

Making complex data useful

  • Must be understood by all stakeholders

  • Must be flexible - accommodate new data and refinement

  • Must interface with other data e.g. budget, provincial data, community priorities etc.

  • Must be authoritative - locally and internationally and internally and externally


The city development index

The City Development Index


Customising the cdi for sa

Customising the CDI for SA


Customising the cdi for sa1

Customising the CDI for SA


Customising the cdi for sa2

Customising the CDI for SA


Customising the cdi for sa3

Customising the CDI for SA


Customising the cdi for sa4

Customising the CDI for SA


Gaps in the cdi

Gaps in the CDI

  • Does not capture all dimensions of poverty

    • Infrastructure heavy

  • Not all locally specific poverty dynamics are addressed - e.g. segregation

  • Key aspects of city development are not included


Introducing sapic

Introducing SAPIC


Sapic and budget

SAPIC and budget


Introducing sapic1

Introducing SAPIC


Introducing sapic2

Introducing SAPIC


Introducing sapic3

Introducing SAPIC


Introducing sapic4

Introducing SAPIC


Introducing sapic5

Introducing SAPIC


Calculating quality of life indices

Calculating quality of life indices


Inequality indicators gini coefficients jhb africans

Inequality indicators - Gini coefficients (Jhb - Africans)


Gender related development index

Gender-related Development Index


Poverty lines ethekweni

Poverty lines (eThekweni)


Project structure1

Project Structure


Responding and intervening

Responding and intervening


Conclusion

Conclusion


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