Chris Goulden Policy  Research

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Poverty: definitions. Not having the resources to meet your needsThree-fifths of average income before rent?164 per week for a single adult?374 per week for a family of fourThe cost, according to the public, of a minimum acceptable standard of livingNot being able to afford the things that most

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Chris Goulden Policy Research

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3. Poverty: definitions Not having the resources to meet your needs Three-fifths of average income before rent £164 per week for a single adult £374 per week for a family of four The cost, according to the public, of a minimum acceptable standard of living Not being able to afford the things that most people take for granted

4. There are many faces of poverty… No matter how you define it, there are millions of people in poverty today in the UK But some groups are at much higher risk than others

5. Poverty in the early years Children aged 0-4 have the highest risk of poverty of any age group A third of them live in families below the poverty line This is partly due to the need to balance caring and working but also the levels of benefits for children

6. Youth poverty The high risk of poverty does not end at age 16, it continues to age 21 at a level of over three in ten One in eight 16- to 19-year-olds is not in education, employment or training, a bit higher than a decade ago

7. Youth poverty One in five 16 to 24 year olds is unemployed This has been rising since 2004 and is more than three times the rate for older workers

8. Poverty as an adult Among working-age adults in poverty, the number in working families has been rising and now exceeds the number in workless ones

9. Poverty as an adult Two-thirds of employees in hotels & restaurants earn less than £7 per hour Three in five of them are women

10. Poverty in later life The % of pensioners in poverty has halved over the last decade, with smaller falls for couples

11. Poverty in later life Around two-fifths of pensioners entitled to Council Tax Benefit - and a third for Pension Credit - are not claiming These are much higher than a decade ago

12. Poverty and ethnicity Around two-fifths of people from ethnic minorities live in poverty, twice the rate for White people

13. Poverty and ethnicity Nearly seven out of ten Bangladeshi households are in poverty And nearly six out of ten working Bangladeshi households are in poverty

14. Poverty and disability Around a third of all disabled adults aged 25 to retirement are living in poverty This is twice the rate of that for non-disabled adults

15. Poverty and disability Adults in the poorest fifth are much more likely to be at risk of developing a mental illness than those on average incomes:

16. Poverty and disability Adults in the poorest fifth are much more likely to be at risk of developing a mental illness than those on average incomes:

17. Poverty and gender The two groups where women dominate (single pensioners and lone parents) are precisely the groups where poverty has been falling

18. Poverty and gender A quarter of all White British boys eligible for free school meals do not get 5+ GCSEs This is much higher than for any other combination of gender and ethnic group

19. Geography of poverty Poverty has fallen over the last decade in all regions of Great Britain except West Midlands Inner London is deeply divided

20. Geography of poverty It has by far the highest poverty rate but also the highest % of people on a high income

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