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Keep in mind: The importance of ethnicity and gender in U.S. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Marriage. Keep in mind: The importance of ethnicity and gender in U.S. The relevance of different understandings of the institution of marriage in other parts in the World. Marriage in Europe. - Regional differences within Europe (children born outside marriage vary from 9% to 62%).

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Keep in mind: The importance of ethnicity and gender in U.S.

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Marriage

Keep in mind:

The importance of ethnicity and gender in U.S.

The relevance of different understandings of the institution of marriage in other parts in the World


Marriage in Europe

- Regional differences within Europe (children born outside marriage vary from 9% to 62%).

- Where is the trend more pronounced?

Northern

Southern

Eastern

Catholic versus non-catholic

Cohabitation is an emerging social norm


Marriage in Europe

Do you think the U.S. government or U.S. states should grant cohabitors access to some or all of the rights and benefits of marriage? Why or why not?

- Commitment to marriage, commitment to parenthood or both?


Marriage in Java

Java is part of Indonesia (a developing country).

Important to take into account gender differences, urban-rural divide and marriage timing (not cohabitation).


Marriage in Java

  • - Rural; urban lower class; urban middle class.

  • Asian cultures with complex and contradictory practices.

  • Is it a Duh? (page 446)

  • In Java people marry at very young ages. But is it everybody or just a specific group?

  • Effects of urbanization and Westernization have produced more _______ ________ .(p.448)


Cohabitation in U.S.

- Huge increase in cohabitation (in the last two decades).

- Trend toward more break-ups, fewer marriages.

Most marriages start with cohabitation experience.

Most cohabitations are _________ (duration).

Many cohabitors have children in the household.

Almost ____ of “non-marital” births are to cohabitors.


Cohabitation in U.S.

  • Who cohabits? ________________

  • - With what characteristics?

____________

____________

____________

- Ethnic differences?


Why the Increase in Cohabitation?

Cultural Explanations:

- rising individualism and secularism (religious adherence and involvement)

Mutually

Reinforcing

Economic Explanations:

- women’s changing role in the labor market

Historical Explanations:

- Sexual Revolution removed stigma of premarital sex

Others?


Effects of Cohabitation?

- Is it a good thing? Cohabitors think it is, but…

- Lower marital quality and higher risk of divorce.

Why?

Selection explanation

Experimental explanation


Views on Cohabitation

Pathway to marriage versus substitute for marriage

- Of all cohabitors, _____% have plans to marry.

- What changes with pregnancy?

- How does it impact kids?


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