the divisions and main structures of the nervous system
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The Divisions and Main Structures of the Nervous System. Hwa Won and Samuel. Vocabulary. Brain : main part of central nervous system made of about 100 billion neurons Nerve : Bundle of nerve fibers that carry sensory information

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Presentation Transcript
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Brain: main part of central nervous system made of about 100 billion neurons
  • Nerve: Bundle of nerve fibers that carry sensory information
  • Spinal cord: Thick whitish nerve tissue enclosed by vertebrae that links brain to most nerves
  • Cerebellum: largest part of brain that works over the senses and causes skeletal muscles to move and complex mental processes
  • Reflex: automatic response that comes out very quickly without control of the brain.
the brain
The Brain
  • Contains about 100 billion neurons
  • The skull, 3 layers of connective tissue, and fluid help protecting brain
the cerebellum
The Cerebellum
  • Keep balance of body
  • Organize body and thought in coordinate way
brainstem
Brainstem
  • Control body’s automatic actions (i.e. breathing/ heart beating)
the central nervous system
The Central Nervous System
  • It is like a control center of the body
  • Spinal cord links the central nervous system with the peripheral nervous system
  • Brain is a part of the central nervous system
  • The nerves in your body work like a network of interconnected wires
the peripheral nervous system
The Peripheral Nervous System
  • Network of nerves other than central nervous system
  • Connect nerves from central nervous system to whole body
  • Impulse travel through spinal nerve in 2 directions

 To/ from central nervous system

the peripheral nervous system continued
The Peripheral Nervous System (continued)
  • Somatic nervous system control voluntary actions

(i.e. using fork/ tying shoelaces)

  • Automatic nervous system control involuntary actions

(i.e. regulating smooth muscles)

the spinal cord
The Spinal Cord
  • The vertebral column (backbone) surrounds it and therefore protects it
  • It links the brain and the peripheral nervous system
  • It is also protected by a watery fluid
  • It is about 45 cm long in men and about 43 cm in women
reflexes
Reflexes
  • A rapid, involuntary response to a thread
  • Sometimes only the spinal cord is involved (no brain involvement)
  • Used for protection, i.e. a burn after you touch a hot surface
  • As your muscles contract, another impulse goes from your handto your brain, simultaneously
  • This impulse makes you feel pain
safety and the nervous system
Safety and the Nervous System
  • Just like any other part of your body the nervous system can be easily damaged
  • Concussion – an injury of the brain, when the cerebrum hits the skull
    • Occurs if you hit your head very hard
    • Sometimes heals itself, but if not and uncured it can cause brain damage
    • Wearing a helmet can prevent concussion in activities such as sports
  • Spinal cord can be easily injured, too
    • Occurs when the vertebrae is injured
    • Very dangerous, it can paralyze body parts or even the whole body

Wear a Helmet!

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