BELLWORK. What was the First Crusade? What was the Second Crusade? What was the Third Crusade? Describe the 100 Years War. (3 sentences!) Who was Joan of Arc?. Video: The Crusades. To learn more about this important set of religious wars, you are going to watch a video on the Crusades.
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1348-1350: deadly epidemic that killed 1/3 of the population in Europe.
It had dramatic religious, societal, and political effects; Europe did not recover for 150 years!
Also known as the Black Death or The Bubonic Plague.
As a class, we are going to read a fact/fiction article about this disease.
There is a writing assignment after it, so make sure you PAY ATTENTION!
For this writing assignment, you are going to pretend you are living in Europe with the threat of the Black Death. You are going to write a letter to a relative living in Asia, who has no idea what this disease is.
Because the relative knows nothing about the disease you must:
Explain how the disease is caught and spread
Describe the symptoms
Explain where it is expanding in Europe
Ancient civilization made up of nomadic hunters and warriors who migrated into central Mexico in 1200s.
Capital – Tenochtitlan
Their capital was an agricultural center and marketplace (caused increase in population)
A network of canals and bridges connected the mainland with the capital city.
The Inca began as a small tribe competing for fertile land in the Andes.
The Incan empire grew when Pachacuti came to power.
Pachacuti expanded the borders to include Peru, Chile, and parts of Ecuador, Bolivia, and Argentina.
Pachacuti created a strong central government that allowed local rulers to control territories.
Established an imperial language called Quechua.
The Inca emperor regulated the lives of common people.
The Inca believed in many gods and had a variety of ceremonies to please them (human, animal, food sacrifices)
Inca civilization ended with the Spanish conquering South America in 1531.
What was the capital of the Aztec? What was it used for?
How was Aztec civilization organized?
Who was Pachacuti? What did he do for the Inca civilization?
How did both groups practice religion?
How did these civilizations come to an end?