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Revolutions 3/25/13 http://mrmilewski.com. OBJECTIVE: Examine in the Light of the Above. MCSS WH-4.3.5 I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance II. The Day the Universe Changed -questions on episode#2 “In the Light of the Above” III. Homework due Thursday 3/28/13

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Revolutions 3 25 13 http mrmilewski com

Revolutions 3/25/13http://mrmilewski.com

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine in the Light of the Above. MCSS WH-4.3.5

  • I. Administrative Stuff

    -Attendance

  • II. The Day the Universe Changed

    -questions on episode#2 “In the Light of the Above”

  • III. Homework due Thursday 3/28/13

    1.) Read Ch#14 sec#4 p.358-363

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.363

    2.) Read Ch#14 sec#5 p.364-367

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.367

    3.) Chapter#14 Review

    *Pick 4 questions of your choice


Revolutions 3 26 13 http mrmilewski com

Revolutions 3/26/13http://mrmilewski.com

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine the widespread Persecution in Europe during the 15th & 16th Centuries. MCSS WH-5.2.1

  • I. Journal#3 pt.A

    -Read “Global Connections” p.362

    -How many people were tried in Salem as witches in 1692?

  • II. Journal#3 pt.B

    -notes on persecution (14.4) & Reformation video

  • III. Homework due Thursday 3/28/13

    1.) Read Ch#14 sec#4 p.358-363

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.363

    2.) Read Ch#14 sec#5 p.364-367

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.367

    3.) Chapter#14 Review

    *Pick 4 questions of your choice

  • NOTICE: Chapter#14 Test Thursday 3/28/13


Results of catholic reformation

Results of Catholic Reformation

  • By the late 1500s, Rome was a much more pious city than Luther had seen 70 years earlier.

  • Catholic piety, charity, and religious art flourished.

  • Reforms turned back the Protestant tide, and some areas returned to Catholicism

  • But, Europe was now divided into Catholic South & Protestant North.


Pope paul iv

Pope Paul IV

  • Cum nimis absurdum issued by Pope Paul IV in 1555 placed severe economic & religious restrictions on the Jews in Papal States.

  • "Since it is completely senseless and inappropriate to be in a situation where Christian piety allows the Jews (whose guilt - all of their own doing - has condemned them to eternal slavery) access to our society and even to live among us; indeed, they are without gratitude to Christians…”

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/66/Pope_Paul_IV.jpg


Cum nimis absurdum

Cum nimis absurdum

  • § 3. Moreover, concerning the matter that Jews should be recognizable everywhere: [to this end] men must wear a hat, women, indeed, some other evident sign, yellow in color, that must not be concealed or covered by any means, and must be tightly affixed [sewn]; and furthermore, they can not be absolved or excused from the obligation to wear the hat or other emblem of this type to any extent whatever and under any pretext whatsoever of their rank or prominence or of their ability to tolerate [this] adversity, either by a chamberlain of the Church, clerics of an Apostolic court, or their superiors, or by legates of the Holy See or their immediate subordinates.


Jewish migration in europe

Jewish migration in Europe

http://www.geocities.com/turkel.geo/Jmigmap.gif


Jewish expulsion

Jewish Expulsion

http://www.geocities.com/turkel.geo/expuls.gif


Jewish population in europe 1933

Jewish Population in Europe 1933

http://www.flholocaustmuseum.org/history_wing/assets/room1/map_jewish_population_1933.jpg


Religious wars

Religious Wars

  • They lasted until the mid-1600s, but issues of national power began to come into play.

  • Leaders of Europe made decisions based on economic reason rather than on purely religious ideologies.


Homework due thursday

Homework due Thursday

1.) Read Ch#14 sec#4 p.358-363

-Answer questions (1-7)* p.363

2.) Read Ch#14 sec#5 p.364-367

-Answer questions (1-7)* p.367

3.) Chapter#14 Review

-(Printed Monday)

*Pick 4 questions of your choice


Revolutions 3 27 13 http mrmilewski com

Revolutions 3/27/13http://mrmilewski.com

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine the Scientific Revolution.

  • I. Journal#4 pt.A

    -Examine “The Scientific Method” on p.366

    -Answer the caption question on p.366

  • II. Journal#4 pt.B

    -notes on the Scientific Revolution & Italy today

  • III. Homework due TOMORROW!

    1.) Read Ch#14 sec#4 p.358-363

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.363

    2.) Read Ch#14 sec#5 p.364-367

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.367

    3.) Chapter#14 Review

    *Pick 4 questions of your choice

  • NOTICE: Chapter#14 Test TOMORROW!


The way we think

The Way We Think

  • The thinkers of the Renaissance looked to the past for knowledge.

  • The thinkers of the Reformation looked to the Bible for knowledge.

  • The thinkers of the Scientific Revolution looked for NEW knowledge. Knowledge through inquiry and testing.


Nicolaus copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus

  • In 1543 Polish scholar proposed the theory of a sun centered model of the universe.

  • Heliocentric – the earth is just one of the planets that revolved around the sun.

  • This theory was rejected by the Church and many scholars because it shook their teaching to the core.

http://ic.net/~erasmus/Copernicus.jpg


Before after

Before & After


Tycho brahe

Tycho Brahe

  • (Dutch) The appearance in 1572 of a "new star" (in fact a supernova) prompted Tycho's first publication in 1573.

  • He was of the opinion that the world system of Copernicus was mathematically superior to that of Ptolemy.

  • His student was Johannes Kepler.

http://www.hps.cam.ac.uk/starry/tycholrg.jpg


Johannes kepler

Johannes Kepler

  • After Brahe’s death, the brilliant German, Kepler, used the data collected by Brahe’s observations to calculate the orbits of the planets.

  • He determined that the orbits were elliptical.

http://www-astronomy.mps.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast161/Unit3/Images/kepler.gif


Galileo

Galileo

  • Italian.

  • Used telescope to look at the planets.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a2/Galileo_Galilei_3.jpg/472px-Galileo_Galilei_3.jpg


Sir isaac newton

Sir Isaac Newton

  • English – he discovered gravity.

  • He argued that nature follows uniform laws.

  • His laws held true until Albert Einstein.

http://blogs.ocregister.com/sciencedude/newton.jpg


What is due tomorrow

What is Due Tomorrow!

  • Homework due Tomorrow!

    1.) Read Ch#14 sec#4 p.358-363

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.363

    2.) Read Ch#14 sec#5 p.364-367

    -Answer questions (1-7)* p.367

    3.) Chapter#14 Review

    *Pick 4 questions of your choice

  • NOTICE: Chapter#14 Test TOMORROW!


Revolutions 3 28 13 http mrmilewski com

Revolutions 3/28/13http://mrmilewski.com

  • OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate mastery of Chapter#14 The Renaissance and Examine the European Search for Spices. MCSS WH-5.2.1

  • I. Administrative Stuff

    -attendance

    -test procedures

  • II. Chapter#14 Test

  • III. Journal#5 pt.A

    -Examine the Chart on p.373

    -Answer the caption question on p.373

  • IV. Journal#5 pt.B

    -notes on European voyages of exploration


Homework due 4 15 13

Homework Due 4/15/13

  • Homework due Monday 4/15/13

    1.) Read Ch#15 sec#1 p.372-378

    -Answer questions (1-6)* p.378

    2.) Read Ch#15 sec#3 p.382-386

    - Answer questions (1-7)* p.386

    *Pick 4 questions of your choice


Morning schedule

Morning Schedule


Pepper

Pepper

  • Ancient Romans paid as much as $125 for 12oz.

  • In the Middle Ages, 12 oz of pepper would have cost a years rent.

  • It is estimated that every cargo of pepper that made it from Asia to Europe cost 1000 lives.

  • The profit that could be made from this spice helped cause the Age of Exploration.

http://img.alibaba.com/photo/11254871/Vietnam_Black_Pepper.jpg


Age of exploration

Age of Exploration

http://www.flotte2.com/1800AD_files/image005.jpg


First voyages

First Voyages

  • The Crusades gave Europeans the taste for Asian luxury goods like pepper, silk, ceramics, and other spices.

  • During Mongol control of Asia in the 1200 & 1300s, these goods made it to Europe, but this ended with the establishment of the Ottoman Empire.

http://www.emersonkent.com/images/marco_polo_travel.jpg


1400s

1400s

  • Muslim & Italian merchants controlled most of the trade between Asia & Europe.

  • Muslims brought them to the Eastern Mediterranean.

  • Italians brought them to Italy.

  • From Italy they went to the rest of Europe.

  • Each time the goods changed hands, the price increased.

http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/dweb/images/maps/decworld/plaguetraderoutes.jpg


Portugal is first

Portugal is First

  • Portugal and then Spain sought a trade route to East Asia that by passed the Italian & Muslim middle men.

  • They were able to make these voyages thanks to new technology.

  • See chalk board.

http://www.worldbook.com/wb/images/content_spotlight/explorers/LR004302.gif


Portuguese caravel

Portuguese Caravel

  • Compass

  • Astrolabe

  • Mercator projection

  • Lateen sail

  • Square sail

  • Stern-post rudder

  • Cannon

http://www.maldivesculture.com/caravel1a.jpg


Why portugal is first

Why Portugal is First

  • They were the first united modern day nation in Europe.

  • In the early 1400s they were strong & stable enough to expand into Muslim N. Africa.

  • Boundaries have been the same since 1492.

http://hotel-navigator.com/portuempireredorg1.gif


Prince henry

Prince Henry

  • Known as Henry the Navigator, heard tales of a mysterious very rich Christian Africa.

  • He hoped to form an alliance against the Muslims and gain access to African gold.

  • They set out along the West African Coast and slowly began to travel further and further south.

http://www.dkimages.com/discover/previews/837/5111817.JPG


Prester john

Prester John

  • From Wikipedia: The legends of Prester John (also Presbyter John), popular in Europe from the 12th through the 17th centuries, told of a Christianpatriarch and king said to rule over a Christian nation lost amidst the Muslims and pagans in the Orient. Written accounts of this kingdom are variegated collections of medieval popular fantasy. Reportedly a descendant of one of the Three Magi, Prester John was said to be a generous ruler and a virtuous man, presiding over a realm full of riches and strange creatures, in which the Patriarch of Saint Thomas resided. His kingdom contained such marvels as the Gates of Alexander and the Fountain of Youth, and even bordered the Earthly Paradise. Among his treasures was a mirror through which every province could be seen, the fabled original from which derived the "speculum literature" of the late Middle Ages and Renaissance, in which the prince's realms were surveyed and his duties laid out.[1]

  • At first, Prester John was imagined to be in India; tales of the "Nestorian" Christians' evangelistic success there and of Thomas the Apostle's subcontinental travels as documented in works like the Acts of Thomas probably provided the first seeds of the legend. After the coming of the Mongols to the Western world, accounts placed the king in Central Asia, and eventually Portuguese explorers convinced themselves they had found him in Ethiopia. Prester John's kingdom was the object of a quest, firing the imaginations of generations of adventurers, but remaining out of reach. He was a symbol to European Christians of the Church's universality, transcending culture and geography to encompass all humanity, in a time when ethnic and interreligious tension made such a vision seem distant.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Prester_John.jpg


Revolutions 4 8 13 http mrmilewski com

Revolutions 4/8/13http://mrmilewski.com

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine “Point of View”. MCSS WH-6.1.5

  • I. Administrative Stuff

    -attendance

    -homework reminder

  • II. The Day the Universe Changed

    -questions on episode#3 “Point of View”

  • III.


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