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Revolutions 6/10/13 OBJECTIVE: Examine “The Long Chain ”. MCSS WH-5.3.5 I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance II. CONNECTIONS -notes on episode#7 “The Long Chain”. Revolutions 6/11/13

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revolutions 6 10 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 6/10/13
  • OBJECTIVE: Examine “The Long Chain”. MCSS WH-5.3.5
  • I. Administrative Stuff



-notes on episode#7 “The Long Chain”

revolutions 6 11 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 6/11/13
  • OBJECTIVE: Examine Russian Expansion & Revolutions. MCSS WH-5.3.5
  • I. Journal#30pt.A

-Examine the picture on p.603

-Answer the caption question on p.603

  • II. Journal#30pt.B

-notes on Russia during the 1800s

russian expansion
Russian Expansion
  • For years Russian rulers expanded their empires.
  • Ivan IV opened Siberia to traders & explorers which eventually extended the empire to the pacific.
  • Peter the Great won the cold water ports of modern day Estonia & Latvia
  • Catherine the Great won warm water ports on the Black Sea & lands in modern day Poland, Lithuania, & Belarus.

the russian empire
The Russian Empire

revolt repression
Revolt & Repression
  • Serfs wanted freedom & their own land to farm.
  • A few nobles supported enlightenment ideas

-life, liberty, property

-separation of powers

  • Nobles didn’t agree on the types of reforms to establish.
  • As education spread, the middle class demanded reforms at a quicker pace than the nobles did.

decembrist revolution 1825
Decembrist Revolution - 1825
  • Small group of army offices tried to overthrow the Czar & establish a republic.
  • Result: FAILURE!!
  • Leaders killed or sent to Siberia

czar s reaction to decembrists
Czar’s Reaction to Decembrists
  • Czar imposed strict censorship & banned books from the West.
  • Used secret police to spy on students & teachers
  • Enforced Russian nationalism & loyalty to the Russian Orthodox Church as a way to united his vast multi-national empire.
  • Pogroms – organized acts of violence against Jews
  • The gov’t blamed the Jews as the source of Russian poverty
  • The violence forced many Jews to leave Russia & go to Germany.
russia s real economic problem
Russia’s Real Economic Problem
  • Russian political & economic system slowed industrial growth in Russia
  • Western European nations got stronger and more powerful because factories had lots of labor
  • Russian factories didn’t have a lot of labor because serfs couldn’t leave the land they worked
czar alexander ii
Czar Alexander II
  • In 1861, he freed the the serfs, but made them buy the land they lived on at high prices.
  • Since most peasants owed so much money they lived in poverty.

effects of industrialization
Effects of Industrialization
  • In the late 1800s industry expanded & peasants moved to cities where new factories were being built.
  • The middle class grew, so did education
  • Better healthcare & more food caused the population to soar.
  • Life in the cities was bad.

-little pay

-long hours

-dangerous working conditions

revolutionary movements
Revolutionary Movements
  • Decembrist Revolt – 1825

*Goal – set up a republic

  • Mid –1860s

*Goal – establish socialism

  • Who were the revolutionaries?

-Most came from the small, but growing educated classes

what they did
What they did?
  • Tried to get peasants to support their revolution. When this failed, they turned to terrorism.
  • They assassinated Czar Alexander the II.

czar alexander iii
Czar Alexander III
  • He succeeded his father & returned to the repressive actions his father relaxed.
  • Despite this crackdown, by the time Czar Nicholas II came to power a new form of socialism, called Marxism became popular with the revolutionaries.


revolutions 6 13 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 6/13/13
  • I. Administrative Stuff

-attendance & distribution of test