Visualizing the traversal of charged particles in a diffusion cloud chamber
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Visualizing the Traversal of Charged Particles in a Diffusion Cloud Chamber . Liquid Vs. Gases Intermolecular Forces Vapor Pressure. The Basics. Ionization Energy Temperature Condensation Ideal Gas Law. The Cloud Chamber?.

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The basics

Liquid Vs. Gases Diffusion Cloud Chamber

Intermolecular Forces

Vapor Pressure

The Basics

  • Ionization Energy

  • Temperature

  • Condensation

  • Ideal Gas Law

The cloud chamber
The Cloud Chamber? Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • A sealed environment that contains supersaturated vapor in a non-condensing gas.

  • The condensation induced by the temperature gradient can mark the paths traveled by charged particles.

  • Two types: Expansion and Diffusion-Continuous

Expansion cloud chamber
Expansion Cloud Chamber Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Invented by Charles T. Wilson (1900)

  • Used in some weather balloons

Expansion cloud chamber workings
Expansion Cloud Chamber Workings Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Vapor Compression

  • Charged Particle Detection

  • Vapor Expansion

  • Track production

  • Recording of produced tracks

  • Replenishing of Vapor

Diffusion cloud chamber
Diffusion Cloud Chamber Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Invented by Alexander Langsdorf Jr. (1936)

  • Provides a continuous supply of vapor for the detection of ions tracks.

Diffusion cloud chamber workings
Diffusion Cloud Chamber Workings Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Vapor/Gas Selection

  • Creation of temperature gradient

  • Diffusion of Vapor

  • Continuous light supply

System in use
System in Use Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Continuous-Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Chamber Diameter/Height: 11cm/8cm

  • Alpha & Beta Particles Used

  • Cooling Method: Ice Water

System in use cont
System in Use (Cont.) Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Vapor/Gas Selection: 90% Ethanol (by volume), Air

  • Light Source: Orange LEDs (590 nm)

  • Floor Temp: -12 Degrees Celsius

  • Ceiling Temp: 23.1C

Show movie

Show Movie Diffusion Cloud Chamber

Cloud Movie-Alpha

Cloud movie beta
Cloud Movie-Beta Diffusion Cloud Chamber

Show Movie

Similarities differences
Similarities/Differences Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Path Widths

  • Path Lengths

  • Path Definition

  • Color

What s happening
What's Happening? Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • “Charged” Elastic Collisions

  • Ionization of Ethanol Particles

  • Ion-Initiated Droplet Formation

  • Gradient-Continued Droplet Formation

  • Cloud “Falling”

Blue skies and clouds
Blue Skies and Clouds Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • “Floating” Clouds

  • Rayleigh Scattering

  • Mie Scattering

  • Sunny Day Clouds (White)

  • Rainy Day Clouds (Grey)

Another attempt at visualization
Another Attempt at Visualization Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • The Problem: How do Charge particles move to produce clouds?

  • Elastic “Charged” Collisions

  • Minimum distance of “Action”

  • Application of Measured Temperature Gradient

  • Simplify problem(Model Assumptions)

  • Solve Collision problems for a given path

Setting the stage
Setting the Stage Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Data portability and method of visualization

  • What's the Minimum distance of “Action”? (Derivation)

  • 3D field shape and “grid-definition

Selecting the proper actors
Selecting the Proper Actors Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Particle distribution (pseudo-random)

  • Application of a Temp. Gradient

Casting of main character
Casting of Main Character Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Initial position

  • Iterative collison formula (Derivation)

  • Choose an Interesting path (Trial and Error)

Special effects
“Special Effects” Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Collision Simulation (Iterative Calculation)

  • Path Tracing

What we did
What We Did... Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Sat realistic goals for the visualization of physical events.

  • Recognized a problem and made reasonable simplifications

  • Picked a method for visualizing our chosen physical events

  • Constructed models based on “real” physical data

  • Added parts to demonstrate key physical events

Third attempt at visualization
Third Attempt at Visualization Diffusion Cloud Chamber

  • Orientation of magnet and field lines direction

  • Creation of charged particles (Electric Discharge)

  • Direction of particles produced in field

Thanks!! Diffusion Cloud Chamber

Acknowledgments sources

Dr. Douglas Durig Diffusion Cloud Chamber

Dr. Randolph Peterson

Comic Ray Theory. Bruno Rossi. 1941.

A Continuously Sensitive Diffusion Cloud Chamber. Alexander Langsdorf, Jr. 1938

A Theory of Diffusion Cloud Chambers. R. P. Shutt. 1951.