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Self-Determination and Advocacy Self-Determination and Career Development: Enhancing the Post-School Success of Youth with Disabilities. Margo Izzo, Ph.D. Ohio State University. SD is a combination of skills, knowledge, and beliefs that enables a person to engage in goal-directed behavior.

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Margo Izzo, Ph.D. Ohio State University

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Margo izzo ph d ohio state university

Izzo


Margo izzo ph d ohio state university

Self-Determination and AdvocacySelf-Determination and Career Development: Enhancing the Post-School Success of Youth with Disabilities

Margo Izzo, Ph.D.

Ohio State University


Understanding self determination sd

SD is a combination of skills, knowledge, and beliefs that enables a person to engage in goal-directed behavior.

It includes:

Self-awareness

Self-advocacy

Self-efficacy

Decision-making

Independent performance

Self-evaluation

Adjustment

Understanding Self-Determination (SD)

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Understanding career development cd

CD is the coordination of school, family, and community resources to foster a person’s potential for economic, social, and personal fulfillment.

It includes:

Career awareness

Career exploration

Career decision-making

Career preparation

Career placement

Understanding Career Development (CD)

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The nature of the problem

The Nature of the Problem

  • Self-determination (SD) and career development (CD) skills are often not cultivated at the secondary level because of limited opportunities to make self-directed choices and explore careers.

  • Students must understand their own interests and abilities prior to entering postsecondary and employment settings to be self-determined .

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Finding 1 the need to integrate sd into learning

Finding #1: The Need to Integrate SD into Learning

  • SD can be taught through credit-bearing classes and integrated into the general curricula.

  • Equipping students with knowledge of their disability improves their ability to self-advocate, which is a major component of SD.

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Finding 2 current iep process does not promote the development of sd

Finding #2: Current IEP Process Does Not Promote the Development of SD

  • Only 22% of teachers reported that all of their students had SD skills included in their Individualized Education Plan (IEP).

  • 31% of teachers reported that no SD skills were included in their students’ IEP.

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Finding 3 the impact of career oriented high schools

Finding #3: The Impact of Career-Oriented High Schools

  • Research suggests that career-oriented high schools have a positive impact on students’ SD and career planning, as evidenced by increased motivation, persistence, and decision-making among students enrolled in these schools.

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Finding 4 the relationship between sd and cd

Finding #4: The Relationship Between SD and CD

  • Sufficient evidence exists to suggest that programs that teach career development and self-determination skills in context of self-directed, work-based learning experiences have improved employment outcomes.

  • Work-based learning can result in better school performance, increased motivation to learn, and the opportunity to develop and refine career interests and make job contacts.

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Comparison of employment outcomes across comparable transition studies

Comparison of Employment Outcomes Across Comparable Transition Studies

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Finding 5 the need for follow up supports

Finding #5: The Need for Follow-Up Supports

  • School and agency personnel who pool funds and resources and deliver follow-up services gain improved employment outcomes.

  • Students who receive extended transition services are significantly more likely to be employed or in a training program than those without extended transition supports.

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Implications

Implications

  • Involve students in a coordinated assessment and planning process so that students can gain knowledge of their strengths, needs, and related accommodations, such as assistive technology (AT) supports.

  • Facilitate student-centered IEP meetings and self-directed learning models.

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Implications1

Implications

  • Infuse SD and CD into the curricula and offer work-based learning experiences for all students.

  • Integrate training on SD and CD into teacher pre-service and in-service trainings, as well as trainings for disability service providers, parents, and other members of the community.

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Implications2

Implications

  • Extend transition services beyond high school graduation.

  • Develop collaborative relationships among school and agency personnel that use follow-up data from a coordinated management information system to improve services and outcomes.

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Margo izzo ph d ohio state university

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Self determination and advocacy self advocacy for youth with disabilities

Self-Determination and AdvocacySelf-Advocacy for Youth with Disabilities

Megan A. Jones, Ph.D.

University of Hawaii at Manoa


Definition of self advocacy

Definition of Self-Advocacy

Ability to

  • Assertively state wants, needs and rights

  • Determine and pursue needed supports

  • Conduct ones own affaires

    (Martin and Huber-Marshall, 1995)

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Finding

Finding

Individuals with disabilities in postsecondary school and employment are required to be self-advocates for their assistance needs.

Youth with disabilities are often not given the opportunity within secondary school to learn and practice self-advocacy skills.

Jones


Finding1

Finding

Students with disabilities will seek accommodations but are often reluctant to fully utilize them.

Students are concerned that they are singled out from other students, faculty do not believe they are qualified for college, and they do not know how to advocate for their needs.

Jones


Implication

Implication

Youth with disabilities in secondary school should be required to actively participate in the IEP planning process with a focus on

  • Articulating the nature of their disability

  • Understanding how their disability relates to their assistance needs

  • Learning and practicing skills needed in the post-school environment

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Finding2

Finding

Students with disabilities in postsecondary education say that “other people’s attitudes” are one of the most significant barriers that they face.

Jones


Implication1

Implication

Efforts to increase the self-determination skills of youth with disabilities must be coupled with educating others about valuing and respecting individuals with disabilities.

Jones


Margo izzo ph d ohio state university

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Margo izzo ph d ohio state university

Self-Determination and AdvocacySelf-Determination andYouth with Disabilities of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CLD) Heritage

David Leake, Ph.D.

University of Hawaii at Manoa


Self determination

Autonomy

Empowerment

Independence

Internal locus of control

Intrinsic motivation

Self-competence

Self-direction

Self-efficacy

Self-expression

Self-regulation

Self-realization

Self-reliance

Self-Determination:

Commonly associated with “individualistic”values or personal characteristics, such as:

Leake


Human development ideals

Human Development Ideals

CHILDHOOD ADULTHOOD

ImmatureMature

IrresponsibleResponsible

Independent?

Dependent

Interdependent?

Leake


Poverty

Poverty

Both capacity and opportunity for self-determination are less likely to be present in conditions of poverty...and CLD groups tend to experience higher poverty rates.

Leake


Group identity

Group Identity

What is really missing for many youth with disabilities is not so much a sense of individual achievement as a sense of being a valued member of a group.

Leake


Individualization

Individualization

In the end, self-determination for CLD youth with disabilities requires adherence to another universal (and closely linked) value in the social services: individualization.

Leake


Margo izzo ph d ohio state university

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