Life in New France. Canadian History XI. Key Points in this Power . I. Quebec and the fur trade (1608) The Company of 100 Associates (Company of New France) II. Louis XIV and the Creation of New France Government Military The Seigneurial System: Engagés and slaves Filles de Roi
Canadian History XI
Bishop of the Catholic Church▼
Military officers, merchants, church leaders, seigneurs ▼Habitants (Filles de Roi) (96.5-97% of population)▼Engagés/Domestic Servants/Slaves
The habitant owed his seigneur three or four days free labour each year– this obligation was called a corvée. This was considerably less than peasants in France owed their lords.
The habitant was responsible for keeping the section of road (built by the seigneur) which crossed his land in good condition.
The habitant gave one bag of flour for every 14 in payment for the use of the seigneur's mill
The habitant had to pay rent – in money, if it was available, but more often in the form of farm produce or fish or some material good
The habitant also paid a tithe for the upkeep of a church and its priest.