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Difference in Male Door-Opening Behavior in Relation to Age of Male Benefactor and Sex of Beneficiary

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Difference in Male Door-Opening Behavior in Relation to Age of Male Benefactor and Sex of Beneficiary. Amy Bender, Ashlee Kirk, & Sarah Scott Hanover College Fall 2005. Introduction. America moving towards gender equality, but gender roles still observable

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Difference in Male Door-Opening Behavior in Relation to Age of Male Benefactor and Sex of Beneficiary

Amy Bender, Ashlee Kirk, & Sarah Scott

Hanover College

Fall 2005

introduction
Introduction
  • America moving towards gender equality, but gender roles still observable
  • Generational differences in door-holding
    • Fengler & Wood, 1972; Twenge, 1997
  • Social movement’s effects on door-holding
    • Women’s movement (Twenge, 1997)
    • Benevolent sexism (Yoder, Hogue, Newman, Mertz, & LaVigne, 2002)
hypothesis
Hypothesis
  • Age of Benefactor
    • Older men more likely to open the door for women than younger men
  • Sex of Beneficiary
    • Men more likely to open the door for women than other men
methods
Methods
  • Observed 28 subjects in natural setting
  • Inter-rater reliability: 0.5
    • Judgements between both observers never differed by more than 5 years
  • Madison, IN and HC Campus Center in early evening
  • Definition of “door-opening”
  • Recorded men who had potential to open door
  • Recorded sex of beneficiary & age of benefactor
results
Results
  • Found men who opened the door were significantly younger (M=20.75) than men who did not open the door (M=34.63). According to a t-test adjusted for inequality of variances, this relationship was significant, t(25.72)=3.14, p=.004.

Age of Benefactor

Door Holding Behavior

results cont d
Results, cont’d.
  • 4 of the 28 cases were dropped for analysis
  • Men rarely opened doors but when they did, they opened them more for women
  • Although more females had the door opened for them (M=0.2) than males (M=0.0), these results were not significant according to Fisher’s exact test, p=1.0.
discussion
Discussion
  • Age of Benefactor
    • Lack of older subjects
      • Location of observation
    • Non-existence of generation gap
      • E. Thomas, 1974
discussion1
Discussion
  • Sex of Beneficiary
    • Benevolent Sexism
      • J.D. Yoder, M. Hogue, R. Newman, L. Mertz, and T. Lavigne, 2002
      • Limitations of location
    • Economic Class Differences
      • M.D. Smith and L.J. Fisher, 1982
further research
Further Research
  • Limit observation to beneficiary directly
  • Examine a different definition of door holding
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