Safety emergency procedures
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Safety: Emergency Procedures . Diggy & Steven. Procedures . Emergency procedures: The actions to be performed at the time of accident or illness. - immediate considerations at the time of emergency: stop and think, don’t be rushed, and think carefully.

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Safety: Emergency Procedures

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Safety emergency procedures

Safety: Emergency Procedures

Diggy & Steven


Procedures

Procedures

  • Emergency procedures: The actions to be performed at the time of accident or illness.

    - immediate considerations at the time of emergency:

    stop and think, don’t be rushed, and think carefully.

    - delegate authority : The leader should have those who are most qualified, take appropriate roles, example:

    performance of emergency medical care, secretary, messengers, assistants

    - Considerations in requesting outside assistance: At least three ( preferably four ) Capable “messengers” should be selected to request assistance.

    - what to send with messengers: an accident report form, an account of total number of people in group, and how much equipment they carried, a detailed description- a map / location, current weather and time of day, an evacuation plan.


Evacuation procedures

Evacuation procedures

- evacuation options: patient walks out, or group participants carry patient out, or rescue group carries patient out ( ex: Rangers, Rescue Squad ).

- evacuation considerations: Condition of the Patient, Time Issues, Distance, Terrain, Weather, mental and physical condition of the group, and possible expenses.


Safety risk management

Safety: Risk Management

  • Outcomes: the outdoor leaders provide evidence of their knowledge and understanding by: explaining risk management, safety, harm and disclosure… Describing the three phases of risk management…Describing roles of a risk management committee…Explaining the roles of elimination, retention, transfer, and reduction in managing risk.

  • outdoor leaders provide evidence of their skill by: implementing an effective risk management plan… Balancing the potential for risk with the desire for adventure

  • outdoor leaders provide evidence of their disposition by: Modeling safe outdoor practices… weighing the risk of their actions


Risk management

Risk management

  • Risk management: A systematic analysis of risk and a plan for minimizing the risk of hard to clients and stuff, as well as the risk of legal liability for harm that does occur.

  • safety: Freedom from harm.

  • harm: physical injury, death, or damage to reputation

  • disclosure: the attempt to reduce surprises by informing people of the program’s mission, activities, associated risks, and possible outcomes.


Phases

Phases

- Three phases of risk management:

- 1) Prevention and planning: what happens before there is an accident or disaster, in order to prevent it from happening or to be prepared to handle and control it when it does.

- 2) Handling: The immediate response to an accident or disaster.

- 3) Documentation and control: the long term management of the consequences of the accident or disaster, including public relation, legal liability, and interaction with public authorities.


Safety waterfront safety in the backcountry

Safety: waterfront safety in the backcountry

- outdoor leaders provide evidence of their knowledge and understanding by.: Describing safety considerations involved in identifying and inspecting an appropriate swim site… Critiquing a swim site for safety and appropriateness for swimming ability of participants… describing process for identifying swimming competency… Describing considerations regarding use of personal flotation device (PFD)

- outdoor leaders provide evidence of their skill by:

applying backcountry waterfront-safety practices… Checking a swim site for obstructions and hazards… using PFD when appropriate


Water safety

Water safety

  • Why practice water safety?

    it is better to be safe “ then sorry”

    water safety practices reduce overall risk of the trip.

    an evacuation could take several days, be costly, and even end an expedition

  • Inspecting the site: before allowing anyone to enter a swimming area check for obstructions, potential hazards might include:

  • water features: current, tides, water temperature, turbidity

  • Physical features: Rocks, Logs, Drop-offs, Broken Glass and other man made hazards.

  • Animals and plants: Snakes, Leeches, Jellyfish, Sea urchins


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