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TAMU-Q EMPLOYEE SAFETY TRAINING. EMERGENCY RESPONSE AT TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY AT QATAR. Emergency Response:. Illness and injury Fire Building Evacuation. Illness and Injury….

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EMERGENCY RESPONSE

AT

TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY AT QATAR


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Emergency Response:

  • Illness and injury

  • Fire

  • Building Evacuation


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Illness and Injury…

If you notice someone who is ill or witness someone get hurt while at work, notify your supervisor immediately and follow basic first aid guidelines.


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Regardless of your level of skill or degree of first aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency, always call QF Security at 454-0999 or 492-7999 for emergency medical assistance immediately..


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Only provide assistance within your ability but keep a close watch on the victim until help arrives.

If the victim is conscious, ALWAYS ask if them if you can provide assistance. If they do not want your help, respect their request!


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

If someone accepts your offer to help – remember, before providing assistance:

PROTECT YOURSELF FIRST

Make sure the area where the victim is located is safe for you to enter. Do NOT become a victim yourself.

Safety includes an awareness of your surroundings.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Before helping the victim, put on proper personal protective equipment such as gloves.

Gloves are available in the first aid kits throughout the building.

Many diseases are passed from one human to the next through blood and saliva.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

You can become infected through splashes of bodily fluids to your eyes, nose and mouth as well as from breaks in the skin.

A hang nail or rash on your skin can be a route of exposure.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Check to see if the victim is responsive.

An indicator of the seriousness of a medical emergency is the inability to wake the victim.

TIP: If the person is conscious, always ask if you can offer assistance and wait for a positive response before doing so.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Before providing basic first aid assistance – make sure you or someone in the area has called for an ambulance.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

After caring for your own safety, checking for responsiveness and calling for help, it is important to check ABC's.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

ABC stands for:

A

B

C

Airway

Breathing

Circulation


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Airway:

TIP:

If a person's airway is blocked, he or she won’t be able to speak.

If a victim is conscious, ask him or her to speak.

If a victim is unconscious, put your ear close to the victim's mouth and listen for breathing. Feel for air on your cheek and look at the chest to see if it or the abdomen is rising with each breath.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Breathing:

If you do not see, hear or feel breathing, administer CPR immediately but only if you are trained to do so.

If the victim is breathing normally, place him or her in the recovery position.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Circulation:

Look at the victim's color and feel his or her skin temperature to see if he or she has signs of circulation.

If you do not think the victim has circulation and is not responding to you, CPR may be required.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

The Recovery Position – this position helps to keep the victim’s airway open.

  • To put the victim in the recovery position:

  • Grab the victim's leg and shoulder and roll him or her towards you.

  • Continue to roll the victim until he is on his side. Guard their head as you roll them.

  • Adjust the top leg so that both the hip and knee are bent at right angles

  • Gently tilt the head back to keep the airway open.

  • Keep the person warm while waiting for medical help to arrive.

  • If breathing or circulation stops at any time, roll the person back on to his or her back and begin CPR.


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Recovery Position training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,


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Basic First Aid - Bleeding training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

If the victim is bleeding, follow the steps below to help control the bleeding while you wait for the ambulance to arrive:

  • Apply direct pressure to the wound.

  • Elevate the wound above the heart.

  • Use pressure points between the wound and the heart to help control bleeding.

Note: Applying a tourniquet is rarely done as significant damage to the limb can result from application of a tourniquet. Only apply a tourniquet in extreme circumstances where a choice between life or limb must be made!


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Basic First Aid - Choking training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

If the person is sitting or standing:

  • Stand behind him or her.

  • Form a fist with one hand and place your fist, thumb side in, just below the person’s rib cage in the front.

  • Grab your fist with your other hand.

  • Keeping your arms off the person’s rib cage, give four quick inward and upward thrusts.

  • You may have to repeat this several times until the obstructing object is coughed out.


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Basic First Aid - Choking training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

If the person is lying down or unconscious:

  • Sweep your finger inside the victims mouth to ensure the object has not dislodged on it’s own.

  • Straddle him or her and place the heel of your hand just above the waistline.

  • Place your other hand on top of this hand.

  • Keeping your elbows straight, give four quick upward thrusts.

  • You may have to repeat this procedure several times until the obstructing object is coughed out.


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Basic First Aid – Other Injuries training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

If someone you are trying to help has other injuries such as burns or is exhibiting symptoms such as seizures, keep them as comfortable as you can and wait for help to arrive. Provide first aid within your capabilities.

If the illness or injury is not immediately life threatening, you should only provide basic first aid if you are trained to do so.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

As the ambulance is responding to your emergency, there are some things you can do:

  • Gather the victim's personal medical information if you can.

  • Send someone to meet emergency crews and guide them to the victim.

  • Move office furniture, equipment or other items out of the way to allow access with a gurney.

  • Don't forget to keep an eye on the victim.


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Basic First Aid training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Once the ambulance arrives, give way to the EMT’s and provide any and all information that you believe can be of assistance.


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Fire… training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

What is fire?


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Chemistry of Fire training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Fire Tetrahedron

In order forfire to occur four things must be present, Oxygen, Fuel, Heat, and a Chemical Chain Reaction. This is represented by the Fire Tetrahedron.

When any of the four items are removed, the fire will go out.

Fire extinguishers function by removing one of the four components of the Fire Tetrahedron.

26


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FIRE training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

CLASS A: wood, paper, rubber, cloth, trash having burning embers, or other ordinary combustible or fibrous material.

CLASSIFICATIONS


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FIRE training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

CLASS B: Flammable liquids, such as gasoline, oil, paints, grease, kerosene, and solvents.

CLASSIFICATIONS


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FIRE training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

CLASS C: Electrical equipment that is energized, such as appliances, switches, panel boxes, and power tools.

CLASSIFICATIONS


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FIRE training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

CLASS D: Combustible metals, such as magnesium, titanium, potassium, and sodium, that burn at high temperatures and give off enough oxygen to ignite. These metals may react violently with water or other chemicals, and must be handled with caution.

CLASSIFICATIONS


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FIRE training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

CLASS K: Fires that involve cooking oils

CLASSIFICATIONS


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Preventing fire is the best way to avoid injury and damage. training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Here are some hints…….


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For ordinary training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

combustibles

(Class A fire)

Keep all work and storage areas free of waste and trash.

Be careful while smoking or using any other type of open flame.


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For Flammable training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Liquids

(Class B fire)

Store all flammable liquids in tightly closed containers.

Store flammable liquids away from sources of flame, heat or spark.

Only use flammable liquids in well ventilated areas.

Never refuel equipment when it is hot, when in a confined space, or in the presence of open flame.

Dispose of all flammable waste in covered, metal containers.

Never smoke around flammable materials.


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For Electrical training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Equipment

(Class C fire)

Report any electrical hazards to your supervisor immediately.

Look for old or faulty wiring, worn insulation and broken electrical fittings.

Keep all electrical motors clean and in good working order.

Avoid overheating electrical equipment.

Always use properly rated fuses.

Never overload electrical circuits and outlets.

Be aware of unusual odors from electrical equipment, which could be the first sign of fire.


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Which one of these things am training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

I supposed to use!!!!

Each class of fire requires a specific type of fire extinguisher.

In some cases, using the wrong type of fire extinguisher can actually make the fire worse.


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But it’s easy to figure out! training, if you find yourself in a true medical emergency,

Class A fires require a Type A extinguisher.

Class B fires require a Type B extinguisher.

Class C fires require a Type C extinguisher.

Class D fires require a Type D extinguisher.

Class K fires require a Type K extinguisher.


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So how can you tell what type of extinguishers are in your area?

The face plate will say if it is an A, B, C, or D extinguisher!

Most extinguishers are combination extinguishers and will say A B C


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So….. area?

Look at the extinguishers in your area and be aware of what type they are!


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Well, I know the classes of fires and I can identify different types of extinguishers so…

How do I use this thing?


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Use the different types of extinguishers so…PASS method

P

ULL THE PIN

A

IM THE NOZZLE AT THE BASE OF THE FLAME

S

QUEEZE THE TRIGGER

S

WEEP THE EXTINGUISHER FROM SIDE TO SIDE


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P A S S different types of extinguishers so…

REMEMBER

* PULL

* AIM

* SQUEEZE

* SWEEP


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Some points to be aware of…. different types of extinguishers so…

Never try to fight a fire when:

  • The fire is spreading beyond the spot where it started.

  • There is no escape exit behind you.

  • You do not have adequate fire fighting equipment.

  • You are not comfortable using a fire extinguisher.


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And…. different types of extinguishers so…

As few people as possible should stay and fight the fire.

If you are not needed, get out while you can!

Did you know the average fire extinguisher will run out of fire extinguishing media in approximately 25 seconds.


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Are you required to use a fire extinguisher if fire breaks out in the building?

NO! Only do so if you have been trained to use one and you feel comfortable in doing so.


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Building Evacuation… out in the building?


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EVACUATION out in the building?

  • Unless you have been told that the fire alarm is being tested, leave the building immediately upon hearing it go off each and every time!

  • Try to close all windows and doors in your area.

  • Do not run, but walk to the nearest exit. And don’t take the elevator, use the stairwell.

  • Proceed to one of the identified rendezvous points . This includes faculty, staff, and students. Gather together in a small group with other people from your department.

  • Do not re-enter the building or leave the area until you are told to do so.


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Be aware of exits and exit pathways! out in the building?

Take note of all of the emergency exits in the areas that you frequent. Take these exits from time to time to become familiar with where they lead.

  • Be aware that not all of the exits in this building lead directly to the outside perimeter of the building.

    • The exits into the courtyard on the academic side of the building will not lead you away from the building. You will have to go back into the building in order to find an exit that leads to the outside perimeter of the building

Do NOT use courtyard exits!


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Rendezvous Points – Engineering Building out in the building?

TAMUQ Faculty, Staff, Student and Visitor Rendezvous Point

TAMUQ Faculty, Staff, Student and Visitor Rendezvous Point


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Rendezvous Point – LAS Building out in the building?

For faculty, staff and students in the LAS Building:

Evacuate the building using the nearest exit and gather together in the parking lot on the south side of the building. Qatar Foundation Security has assigned TAMUQ employees in LAS to Rendezvous Point #13. Look for the sign outside of the building.

In order to stay safe you must stay as far from the building as you can get yet still be in the vicinity of Rendezvous Point #13.


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Evacuations procedures for Individuals with Disabilities: out in the building?

  • “Buddy System”

    • Individuals with disabilities should inform colleagues or classroom instructors of any special assistance that may be required in the event of an emergency or emergency evacuation. (i.e., hearing the alarm, guidance for the sight impaired during an alarm, etc.)

    • When there has been notification of an emergency situation the “buddy” will help the individual with special needs to evacuate, if possible, or help them move to an Area of Refuge and then inform the Rendezvous Point Proctor or emergency personnel of the location as they exit the building.

    • Emergency personnel will then enter the building and evacuate the person with special needs.


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Evacuations procedures for Individuals with Disabilities: out in the building?

  • AREA OF REFUGE:

  • If danger is imminent and the person with a disability cannot exit the building, then that person should seek an area of refuge away from the danger.


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Evacuations procedures for Individuals with Disabilities: out in the building?

  • Such an area should have the following if possible:

    • Sprinkler system

    • Fire rated doors, walls and ceilings.

      Stairwells, both inner and outer, are good places to be used as Areas of Refuge because of the fire rating of walls and doors in the space.


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Evacuations procedures for Individuals with Disabilities: out in the building?

  • A “buddy” should notify the rendezvous point proctor or emergency responder of the exact location of the individual with special needs upon exiting the building.


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Disability Guidelines out in the building?

  • Mobility Impaired (Wheelchair)

  • Persons using wheelchairs should move to an area of refuge with a “buddy” when they are notified of an emergency. If a building evacuation is required, the “buddy” should proceed to the established rendezvous point outside the building and notify the Rendezvous Point Coordinator of the exact location of the person with the disability. The Rendezvous Point Coordinator will alert emergency responders to the location of the disabled individual. If the disabled person is alone, they should contact QF security by calling 454-0999 or 492-7999 and tell the operator their exact location.


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Disability Guidelines out in the building?

  • Mobility Impaired (Non-Wheelchair)

  • Persons with mobility impairments, who are able to walk independently, may be able to negotiate the stairs in an emergency with minor assistance. If danger is imminent, the individual should wait until heavy traffic has cleared before attempting the stairs. If there is no immediate danger (detectable smoke, fire, or unusual odor) the person with the disability may choose to stay in the building, using the Area of Refuge procedure, until emergency responders arrive.


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Disability Guidelines out in the building?

  • Visually Impaired

  • Most people with a visual impairment will be familiar with immediate surroundings and frequently traveled routes. Since the emergency evacuation route is likely different from the commonly traveled route, persons who are visually impaired may need assistance in evacuating.

  • A “buddy” should offer help to the individual with visual impairment and guide him/her through the evacuation route. Never attempt to use an elevator unless instructed to do so by emergency responders.


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Do you know what the evacuation/fire alarm sounds like? out in the building?

Are you aware of at least 2 exits or paths of egress from your work area that lead to the outside of the building?

Do you know how to activate the alarm and where alarms are located?

Do you know where the established rendezvous points are located for your building?


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Personal and Family Emergencies in Qatar: out in the building?

  • TAMUQ has a manned 24 hour emergency number for employees, family members and TAMUQ visitors to use should they find themselves in need of IMMEDIATE assistance from TAMUQ officials.


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What does the service provide? out in the building?

  • TAMUQ will provide a landline phone number to be manned 24 hours per day, seven days per week.

  • A local Qatar number will be issued to all covered persons for use in identified emergency situations.

  • The call will be automatically forwarded to a landline in College Station, Texas where it will be answered by TAMU University Police personnel.


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Who is covered by this service? out in the building?

COVERED PERSONS

  • Any TAMUQ employee or the dependent of an employee.

  • Any TAMU System employee residing/visiting Qatar.

  • Official visitors of TAMUQ present in Qatar.


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What can University Police Department (UPD) in College Station do for someone in need of immediate help?

UPD have been issued a contact list for applicable TAMUQ representatives.

Upon receiving a call from Qatar, UPD have been instructed to collect specific information concerning the emergency.

Upon completion of the emergency call, UPD will contact a TAMUQ representative and give them all of the necessary information.


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What is the purpose of involving UPD? Station do for someone in need of immediate help?

This system will guarantee that an emergency call is answered by a person from Texas A&M who is qualified to obtain the necessary information needed to address the emergency.


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What is the goal of the program? Station do for someone in need of immediate help?

To save time for the person in crisis by allowing them to reach help with only one call instead of numerous calls.

To ensure the call for help is answered immediately. Whenever the emergency call for help is made – that call will be answered and the needs of the caller will be met to the best of the University’s abilities.


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423-0399

Or

+1-979-845-2345


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When to use this service… emergency is:

  • This number should only be called under the following circumstances:

You or a family member are involved in an automobile accident requiring TAMUQ assistance at the scene or police station immediately following the accident. Specifically this applies to situations where:

* The police are requiring the driver to sign a statement at the scene and the driver cannot read for his or herself the contents of the statement because it is written in Arabic.

* The police immediately detain the driver or a passenger at the scene of the accident .


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When to use this service… emergency is:

  • This number should only be called under the following circumstances:

You or a family member are detained by authorities for any reason.


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When to use this service… emergency is:

  • This number should only be called under the following circumstances:

Death of an employee, family member, visitor


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When this emergency number should emergency is:NOT be used…

  • Medical emergencies – an ambulance should be called for medical emergencies.

  • Professional referrals – doctors, lawyers, pharmacies, etc.

  • Automobile accidents where the driver is not detained by the police or asked to sign paperwork at the scene. This would include incidents where the driver is asked to report to the police station over the next couple of days versus being detained at the scene of the accident.

  • Any incident that does not require immediate contact with TAMUQ officials.


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When this emergency number should emergency is:NOT be used…

In Summary:

This number should not be used for incidences where you have time to locate a TAMUQ official on your own.

This number should only be called when the situation is extreme and time is of the essence.


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IMPORTANT PHONE NUMBERS: emergency is:

Qatar Foundation Security: 454-0999 or 492-7999

EH&S: 423-0032

589-4146 (emergencies only)

24 hour TAMUQ emergency #: 423-0399

+1-979-845-2345

Remember to dial “9” first when making an outside call from the TAMUQ building.


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Finally – you should ensure your safety when in the building after hours, on the weekends, or during holidays!


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Working during Non-working hours. weekends or during holidays.

  • It is recommended that you check in with the security guard at the front desk when you are in the building during non-working hours, weekends, or holidays.

  • Inform the guard of where you will be working.

  • Inform the guard when you leave the building.

For emergency purposes – it is good practice to let the security people know when you are in the building and where you will be working.


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Keep in mind when it comes to your personal safety…. holidays.

“Safety is not a written policy or rule. It is not a piece of equipment or article of clothing. Safety is a state of mind.”

~Author Unknown~


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