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Grade 7 Science. Separating Solutions. Student Activity:. Discuss with a partner how you would separate the following mixtures… Salt water Muddy water Nuts and bolts. Iron filings and sand Vegetable oil and sand Vegetable oil and water Salt and pepper Be prepared to defend your answers!.

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Grade 7 science

Grade 7 Science

Separating Solutions


Student activity
Student Activity:

Discuss with a partner how you would separate the following mixtures…

  • Salt water

  • Muddy water

  • Nuts and bolts


  • Iron filings and sand

  • Vegetable oil and sand

  • Vegetable oil and water

  • Salt and pepper

    Be prepared to defend your answers!


Discussion question
Discussion Question

“Are the components you have separated still mixtures, or are they pure? Why or why not?”


Separation techniques
Separation Techniques

Mechanical Sorting:

  • Used to separate the parts of a mixture based on properties such as particle size.

  • Examples: floatation & magnetism


magnetism

floatation


Filtration
Filtration:

  • A common way to separate solid particles from a mixture

  • The filters can have holes of varying sizes… small to microscopic.


Oil filter

Coffee filter

Colander

Furnace filter


Evaporation
Evaporation:

  • Change of state from a liquid to a gas.

  • Used to recover a solid solute from a solution.


Distillation
Distillation:

  • Uses two changes of state: evaporation and condensation.

  • It allows you to recover BOTH the solute and solvent from a solution.


Condensation

Evaporation


Paper chromatography
Paper Chromatography:

  • Used to separate the colored substances in a mixture such as ink.

  • Used to separate the solvents in a mixture.


Separation techniques in the home
Separation Techniques in the Home:

  • Colanders

  • Clothes dryers

  • Window screens

  • Coffee percolators

  • Salad spinners

    Any others?


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