Challenges for Successful Implementation of ICT Projects
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Challenges for Successful Implementation of ICT Projects Policy and Regulatory Challenges - Technology Provider’s View - September 14. Developing Nations and Telecoms. Better Telecommunications  Higher GDP Typically 1 Fixed line PTT and 2 Mobile (GSM) Carriers

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Developing nations and telecoms

Challenges for Successful Implementation of ICT ProjectsPolicy and Regulatory Challenges- Technology Provider’s View - September 14

Developing nations and telecoms

Developing Nations and Telecoms

  • Better Telecommunications  Higher GDP

  • Typically 1 Fixed line PTT and 2 Mobile (GSM) Carriers

    • Wireline deployment limited to Metro areas  Long waiting lists

    • Low GSM penetration – typically due to higher costs

    • Duopolistic price setting further limits penetration

  • Regulators Seek to Improve Penetration, and Maximize Existing Assets

    • Additional licenses intended to spur competition  increased penetration

    • Utilization of existing assets drives GSM-specific tenders

    • 3rd, 4th, 5th… Licensees have a very challenging business case:

      • Incumbents have captured high-ARPU subs

      • New licensee(s) forced to target lower-ARPU users

      • If technology specified (say, GSM)  Little room to improve costs

  • Break-Even Monthly ARPUs: GSM - ~$12; CDMA - $7

Need to encourage technology which offers lower costs, and can thereby support lower ARPUs  Increased Penetration

Regulatory challenges in improving telecoms

Regulatory Challenges in Improving Telecoms

  • Ensuring Technology Neutrality

  • Responsibility for Efficient Use of Radio Spectrum

  • Promoting Consolidation with Existing Telecoms Infrastructure

  • Defining Fixed Wireless vs. Limited Mobility

  • Enabling Convergence

Role of Regulators – Very Crucial

Technology neutrality

Technology Neutrality

  • Spectrum availability dictates technology choice

    • Appropriate spectrum enables innovative/different technology selection

    • Spectrum efficiency and 3G data benefits should be leveraged

    • Economies of scale should be leveraged

  • No Specification of Technology

    • Let the Best Business Case Win

    • Limited Specification of Spectrum Allocation Plans

  • Choice of Technologies Enables Cost-Effective Telecoms Access

Efficient use of radio spectrum

Efficient Use of Radio Spectrum

  • Consider Spectral Efficiency Requirements

    • No. of subscribers per 5 MHz

  • Reasonable Licensing Fee

    • License Fees on per MHz Basis in Blocks of 5 or 10 MHz

    • Fees independent of technology

  • Re-Examination of Spectrum Usage

    • Explore Key spectrum blocks (e.g., 800 MHz, 450 MHz) for possible reallocation/sharing based on actual use; e.g. ITU Region-1 – 800 MHz for broadcasting

    • Lower end (450/800 MHz vs. 2000 MHz and higher) for wireless

  • Efficient Spectrum Usage Enables Cost-Effective Telecoms Access

Consolidation with existing infrastructure

Consolidation with Existing Infrastructure

  • Require Teaming Between Existing and New Carriers

    • For common use of established network infrastructure

    • Interconnect fee structure to encourage new entrant(s)

    • Require new carriers to have technological solution compatible with incumbents

  • GSM1x - Technology for GSM  CDMA Interoperability

Defining fixed vs limited mobility

Defining Fixed vs. Limited Mobility

  • Terminal form factor not important (well maybe a little!)

    • It’s ok to specify terminal form factor (FWT vs. Handheld), however :

      • Mobile handsets cost much less than FWTs and provide better user experience (users will make the FWTs mobile anyway!)

      • Some applications available only on mobile terminals and not FWTs

  • WLL and Handoff are NOT Mutually Exclusive

    • Retaining soft-handoff improves coverage, capacity, quality and data rates

    • Multi-path (signal received from multiple sites) improves voice quality and system capacity

    • Cell breathing is not a concern  more effective network planning and optimization

  • Avoid “Watch-Dog” Role for Regulator

Certain geographical (city or region limit) or numbering plan based restrictions may be considered for WLL/Limited Mobility

Convergence licensing

Convergence Licensing

  • Convergence Happening at the Device Level

    • Licensing policy needs to address this

    • Allow Carriers to Offer Fixed (e.g., WLL), Mobile, Data, Broadcast, etc. Services

  • Fixed Limited Mobility Full Mobility Convergence

    • e.g. India’s “Unified License” regime

  • Promote Carriers in Providing Different Tiering of Service Plans

  • Converged licenses Possible at Network Facility, Services, ISP, Content layers

Convergence is Future

Developing nations and telecoms

  • Success Story

  • This approach has resulted in the world’s cheapest wireless access and explosive teledensity growth in India

Developing nations and telecoms

Thank You!

For additional information and questions, please contact:

Sachin Bhatmuley

+1 858 658 1224

[email protected]

Example of wireless market segmentation sub saharan africa

Example of Wireless Market Segmentation: Sub-Saharan Africa

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