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Lecture 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Comparative Politics of Developing Nations Week 3 (October 16) Roadmap: Colonialism Reaction papers Exams format Final papers Readings next week (update) Current events (Grameen Bank) Pictures I. Colonialism (Clapham & Isbister readings) Colonialism: End: economic Means: technology

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roadmap
Roadmap:
  • Colonialism
  • Reaction papers
  • Exams format
  • Final papers
  • Readings next week (update)
  • Current events (Grameen Bank)
  • Pictures
i colonialism clapham isbister readings
I. Colonialism (Clapham & Isbister readings)
  • Colonialism:
    • End: economic
    • Means: technology
  • Sequence of colonization: a function of richness & weakness/access
    • Americas: rich and easy to control
    • Asia: rich, harder to control
    • Africa: no obvious wealth, hard access
nationalism africa vs middle east
Nationalism: Africa vs. Middle East
  • Africa: divisions (ethnic, religious)
  • Middle East: unifying effect of ethnicity (Pan Arabism) and religion (Islam)
colonial government
Colonial government:
  • Creation of new boundaries
  • Creation of a new political order and administration

→ Colonial administration: authoritarian and centralized

→ Post-colonial administration:

* rulers: inherit the sense of superiority of the colonial power

* ruled: continue to view the state as an alien imposition

rule direct french vs indirect british
Rule: Direct (French) vs. Indirect (British):
  • What are the consequences for post-colonial governments?
  • Generally speaking, British ex-colonies are more democratic than non-British ex-colonies (e.g., French)
colonialism clapham vs isbister
Colonialism: Clapham vs. Isbister
  • What was the main reason behind colonial expansion?
  • ……?
  • The culture/legacy of colonialism:
    • Language
    • Religion
exams format
Exams format:
  • Concept definition
  • Human Development Index (HDI):“A composite measure of life expectancy, infant mortality, literacy rate and per capita income used to evaluate living standards.”
  • Third World:“A category of nations in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East that share two primary characteristics: they are politically and/or economically less developed; and they are neither industrialized democracies (the First World) nor former members of the Soviet-Eastern European bloc of communist nations (the second world). The term “Third World” is used interchangeably with “developing nations” and “less developing countries (LDCs).”
short questions
Short questions
  • What are the various labels or collective names that scholars use for the approximately 140 countries we are studying in this class? Why do they have such a hard time finding an appropriate label (i.e., one that would be uncontroversial and universally accepted)?
slide12
Explain why, in most cases, there is a correlation between economic, social and political development. On the other hand, explain in what circumstances they are not correlated, and why.
  • Is income per capita the best measure of development and the well-being of people living in a society? Why (or why not)?
  • What is the Human Development Index? What does it do? How?
multiple choice
Multiple choice
  • In his discussion of critiques of modernization theory, Handelman mentions Samuel Huntington as an example of _____________________________:
  • a) A liberal critique
  • b) A conservative critique
  • c) A libertarian critique
  • d) A post-modern critique
v next week readings
V. Next week readings
  • Out:Collier, Paul, and Jan Willem Gunning. 1999. “Why Has Africa Grown Slowly?”
  • In:
  • The Economist. 2006. “The real digital divide.” Annual Editions: Developing World 2006/2007 (pp. 90-91).
  • Foreign Policy. 2006. “Ranking the Rich 2004.” AE (pp. 73-79).
  • Marglin, Stephen A. 2006. “Development as Poison: Rethinking the Western Model of Modernity.” AE (pp. 21-25).
  • Sachs, Jeffrey D. 2006. “The Development Challenge.” AE (pp. 5-10).
current events
Current events?
  • Grameen Bank
  • Who? Muhammad Yunus
  • Where? the village of Jobra, Bangladesh (1976)
  • A loan of $27 to a group of 43 families
  • Results:
    • US$ 5.72 billion disbursed
    • 6.61 million borrowers; 97 percent women
    • over 250,000 “telephone ladies”
    • “Beggars As Members” (over 81,000)
final papers guidelines
Final papers guidelines:
  • Ten to twenty pages long
  • (3,000 to 6,000 words)
  • Double-spaced, default margins, Times New Roman 12 fonts
  • Bibliography + appendices + notes - do not count toward the limit
  • Most likely, topics will be relativelyopen-ended
topics i
Topics I:
  • Prospects for democracy in Pakistan, Iran, and Saudi Arabia
    • How democratic is each of these countries?
    • What factors account for their (relative) level of democracy?
    • I.e., if A is more democratic than B, why?
    • Think of prospects for democracy (20 yrs)
    • Do you expect any significant changes?
    • Why? (or why not)?
topics i cont
Topics I (cont.):
  • Democracy in Romania in comparative perspective
    • Choose four countries: one from L. America, one from Asia/Middle East, one from Africa, and one from EE/fSU (other than Romania)
    • The “most similar case” to Romania (in terms of the variables that you think are most important for democracy)
    • Justify your choices. How democratic is each of these countries? Is the outcome the expected one in each case? Why (or why not)?
topics i cont19
Topics I (cont.):
  • Modernization theory, dependency theory, and globalization: lessons for Romanian policy-makers and scholars
    • How well do modernization theory and dependency theory explain Romania’s pre-1989 economic, social and political course?
    • What about its post-1989 trajectory?
    • What about its future path?
topics i cont20
Topics I (cont.):
  • Institutional design and political consequences: Romania, 1990-2006
    • Discuss the impact of political institutions - executive-legislative relations, electoral system (+any other institutional feature)
    • Positives and negatives; give overall assessment
    • What institutional changes would you see as beneficial?
    • How do you see the post-1991 changes?
    • With the benefit of hindsight, if you were a decision-maker in 1989-91, what, if anything, would you do differently?
topics ii
Topics II:
  • “Islamic Fundamentalism versus Zionism”
  • Comparative analysis of post-Soviet development in Central Asia
  • “National Culture and Economic Performance”
  • "Aging Policies and Living Arrangements“
  • P-S-E Developments in Afghanistan and Iraq
  • Theories of imperialism and colonialism & impact on developing nations
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