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The 1 st Dynasties of China. 5.2. A. The Shang Dynasty. Ruled for 600years Made up of hundreds of towns & villages along Huang He Grew their kingdom by giving land to their family, who built new villages

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The 1 st dynasties of china

The 1st Dynasties of China


A the shang dynasty
A. The Shang Dynasty

  • Ruled for 600years

  • Made up of hundreds of towns & villages along Huang He

  • Grew their kingdom by giving land to their family, who built new villages

  • Relatives were required to help in times of war, including soldiers from the villages

  • The villages were built with pit-houses

  • Tombs near the homes contained artifacts – maybe royal tombs

  • One of the tombs was for Fu Hao = Lady Hao, who even led troops

B writing
B. Writing

  • Writing began before the Shang

  • It began a lot like cuneiform, but changed

  • Early writing may have been on bamboo or silk, but it didn’t survive

  • Some writing on bronze pots and stone did survive

  • Oracle bones also survived

C religion
C. Religion

  • Believed their ancestors lived in another world & controlled human life

  • If an oracle’s prediction came true it meant the ancestors were helping the king

  • They also believed in many nature gods

D china s classic age
D. China’s Classic Age

  • The Shang had an on & off relationship with the Zhou Kingdom

  • Wuwang of the Zhou conquered the Shang around 1100 B.C.

  • Claimed the right to rule based on the Mandate of Heaven

    • Similar to the idea of ancestors giving help

    • If you rule well and wisely you will receive help and continue to rule – if you don’t rule wisely someone will replace you

    • Zhou claimed they ruled because the last Shang emperor was evil

D china s classic age1
D. China’s Classic Age

  • Duke of Zhou is still a Chinese hero

    • When Wuwang died he left an infant son to rule

    • His uncle ruled for him

    • After a rebellion the kingdom he gave back the kingdom to his nephew

  • During the Zhou Dynasty China saw the most growth creativity

  • This is when the 5 Classics were written – they began the basic Chinese Literary style

E acheivements
E. Acheivements

  • Trade expanded

    • Built canals & roads

    • Made metal coins

  • Iron

    • Improved iron & iron production

    • New weapons, agricultural tools, & sculpture

    • Farming became easier to feed the growing population

  • Horses & chariots

    • Learned horseback riding from their northern neighbors

    • Developed chariots for battle

    • Both of these allowed soldiers & info. to travel faster

F warring states period
F. Warring States Period

  • The new weapons and techniques led local leaders to war with each other

  • Each local leader tried to attract thinkers & scholars

  • This led to new ideas & philosophies

  • A.K.A. the era of the “Hundred Schools”

  • Lao Zi, his teachings led to Daoism

    • Believed nature should be their guide

    • Influenced both art & medicine

G confucius
G. Confucius

  • Born around 551 B.C.

  • His students wrote down his ideas and teachings

    • This book is called the Analects

  • Did not start a religion

  • He was a teacher who taught the lessons of the past

  • Believed education was the key to happiness, because education teaches benevolence – acting fairly toward others

  • If everyone in the government ruled with justice, prosperity follows naturally

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