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Dynasties of China. *State Exams * Chang’an *Daoism *Confucianism *Buddhism *Tax system. *Grand Canal *Rebuilt Great Wall *Organized government and military. *Conquest *Restored old political values *Own belief systems. Wendi. Sui 589-618. *Chinese art and literature flourished

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Dynasties

of

China


*State Exams

*Chang’an

*Daoism

*Confucianism

*Buddhism

*Tax system

*Grand Canal

*Rebuilt Great Wall

*Organized government and military

*Conquest

*Restored old political values

*Own belief systems

Wendi

Sui

589-618

*Chinese art and literature flourished

*Scholar officials

*Improved roads and canals

*Ships, magnetic compass

*Printing, paper

*Paper money

*Tea, porcelain, rice

*Violence (killed brothers and nephews)

*Took from rich and gave to poor

*Fair and just leader

*Followed Sui models

*Chang’an

*Bureaucracy

*Code of Law

*Confucianism

Gaozu

Taizong626

WuZhao690

Tang

618-960

*declared herself emperor *only woman to hold throne as emperor


In addition to

those in the Tang:

*Schools

*Improved state exams

*Landscape painting

*Followed Sui models

*Chang’an

Song

960-1279

Genghis Khan

1227

Kublai Khan

1279

*Conquest through attacking weak spots

*Tricks and terror

*Continued conquest of Asia

*Controlled all of China

*Restored Grand Canal

*Paved highway

*Protected trade routes

*Contact with foreign peoples and cultures

*Encouraged sea trade

*Beijing – capital *Mongols - trusted foreigners had important government jobs

*Kept traditional government system

*Confucianism

Buddhism

Yuan

1279-1368


*Beijing

*State exams

*Confucianism

*Overthrew Mongols

*Increased personal power

*Secret Spies

*Internal struggle, declared himself emperor

*Rebuilt roads/canals

*Rebuilt/extended Great Wall

*Lowered taxes

*Gave farmers land

*Forbidden City

*Foreign trade grew

*Maritime expeditions

Hongwu

1368

Yongle

1398

Ming

1368-1644

*Rebellion

*Increase in foreign trade through force (France, Germany, Japan, Russia and Britain)

*Tried to limit foreign trade

*Confucianism

Qing

1644-1911

Manchus

*Revolution led to republic in 1911


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