Public Communication Contexts & Cultures The U.S. Press: Trends & Challenges. Professor Eric Freedman 21 September 2011 [email protected] Discussion Questions: Foreign Coverage. What types of foreign news do you pay attention to, and why? Where do you get your news about foreign events?
Public Communication Contexts & Cultures The U.S. Press: Trends & Challenges
Professor Eric Freedman
21 September 2011
-- Fragmentation & consolidation
--Credibility & public trust
-- Newsroom diversity
-- Nonprofit news organizations
-- Access to information
U.S. Colonial Newspapers
Benjamin Harris's Publick OccurrencesBoth Foreign and Domestick (1690)
John Campbell's Boston News-Letter (1704)
James Franklin's New-England Courant (1721)
Jailed for printing "scandalous libels”
John Peter Zenger's New York Weekly Journal (1734)
Jailed for criticizing that colony's governor.
U.S. Constitutional Guarantee of Press Freedom
The First Amendment—1791
“Congress shall make no law respecting an
establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise
thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press;
to the right of the people peacefully to assemble, and to
petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
1798) made illegal writing publishing, or printing "any false scandalous and malicious writing" about the president, Congress, or the federal government.
U.S. “Elite” Newspapers
Major U.S. Television Broadcast Networks Carrying News
On the air TV: Free to view.
Cable & satellite: Pay to watch.
2007 survey: Table from Beam & Meeks, “So Many Stories, So Little Time”
Purpose: Help you analyze how foreign affairs & events can affect Lithuania.
1. Pick a foreign affairs subject of current interest that has an impact on Lithuania
2. Do library &/or Internet research on the subject for background.
3. Interview at least 1 expert (you will get a higher grade if you interview at least 2 about the impact on Lithuania.
4. Write a short paper or newspaper-style article (450-550 words).
Readings for Next WeekMAIN READINGTwo Decades of Failure: The Persistence of Authoritarian Press Controls in Post-Soviet Independent Central Asia,” Shafer, Freedman & Antonova,” Central Eurasian Studies Society, 2010. SUPPLEMENTAL READINGS“Tajikistan: BBC Reporter Charged with Extremism, Denied Lawyer” (EurasiaNet 2011); “Uzbekistan: Links between Journalists & Foreign Embassies Placed Under Control” (Ferghana News Service, 2011)